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Incorporated in 1869 


There are more than two thousand residents of New 
York and vicinity who support the educational and 
scientific work of the Museum and enjoy its lectures, 
publications and other privileges. 

Annual Members $ 10 

Sustaining Members (annually) . 25 

Life Members 100 

Fellows 500 

Patrons 1,000 

Benefactors 50,000 

The Endowment Fund was established in 1884. 
The Trustees desire to insure the permanent growth 
and welfare of the Museum through an increase of this 


/ do hereby give and bequeath to " The American 
Museum of Natural History" of the City of 
New York, 


119 and 121 East Thirty-tirst Street 

New York 




For the Year 1910 

Annual Report of the President 

Treasurer's Report List of Accessions 

Act of Incorporation 

Contract with the Department of Parks 

Constitution By-Laws and List of Members 

Issued February 13, 191 1 


fC ?/o 


Membership and Endowment 5 

Form of Gift or Bequest 5 

Board of Trustees io 

Committees and Officers n 

Scientific Staff 12 

President's Report 15 

Exhibition, Installation, Alteration 16 

Plans for New Building 18 

General Apportionment of Museum and City Funds 21 

Educational Extension 22 

Explorations, Collections and Exhibitions 23 

Hospitality to Scientific Societies 24 

Administration and Changes in Staff 25 

Progress of the Departments 26 

Public Education 26 

Museum Extension to the Schools and Libraries 27 

Lectures to School Children 28 

General Lectures 28 

Photography 28 

Children's Room 29 

Room for the Blind 29 

Minerals — Department of Mineralogy 29 

Mammals and Birds — Department of Mammalogy and Orni- 
thology 30 

Extinct Vertebrates — Department of Vertebrate Palaeontol- 
ogy 33 

Living Reptiles, Batrachians, Living and Extinct Fishes — 

Department of Ichthyology and Herpetology 36 

Living Fishes 37 

Fossil Fishes . 38 

Living Reptiles and Batrachians 39 

Living Invertebrates — Darwin Hall — Department of Inverte- 
brate Zoology 41 

Invertebrates in General 42 

Molluscs 43 

Hall of Local Insects and Insect Biology 43 

Geology and Extinct Invertebrates — Department of Geology 

and Invertebrate Palteontology 45 

Changes in Staff 47 


President's Report — Continued PAGE 

Living and Extinct Races of Men — Department of 

Anthropology 48 

Physiology — Department of Physiology 51 

Public Health — Department of Public Health 51 

Woods and Forestry 53 

The Library — Department of Books and Publications 54 

Publications 56 

Membership 59 

Classes of Membership 5 

New Members 60 

Deceased Members and Curators 61 

Finances, Maintenance, Endowment , 62 

City Maintenance Account 62 

Trustees General Account 63 

Morris K. Jesup Fund 63 

Trustees Special Funds Account 64 

Trustees Permanent Endowment Account 64 

Financial Statement 65 

Accessions 76 

Public Education 76 

Geology and Invertebrate Palaeontology 77 

Mammalogy and Ornithology 78 

Vertebrate Palaeontology S2 

Ichthyology and Herpetology 83 

Anthropology 87 

Mineralogy 91 

Invertebrate Zoology 94 

Lepidoptera 98 

Mollusca 98 

Act of Incorporation 100 

Contract with the Department of Public Parks 102 

Constitution 108 

By-Laws 114 

Legislation 116 

List of Members 120 

Patrons 120 

Fellows 122 

Honorary Fellows 123 

Life Members 123 

Sustaining Members 130 

Annual Members 131 


FOR 1911 


First Vice-President Second Vice-President 


Treasurer Secretary 





CLASS OF 1911 



CLASS OF 1912 



CLASS OF 1913 



CLASS OF 1914 



CLASS OF 1915 




FOR 1911 

Executive Committee 


Auditing Committee 

ANSON W. HARD, Chairman 


Finance Committee 

J. PIERPONT MORGAN, Jr., Chairman 



Nominating Committee 

PERCY R. PYNE, Chairman 


Committee on Buildings and Plans 




Acting Director 

Assistant Secretary 

Assistant Treasurer 


FOR 1911 

Charles H. Townsend, Sc.D. 


Edmund Otis Hovey, A.B., Ph.D., Curator 


L. P. Gratacap, Ph.B., A.B., A.M., Curator 

George F. Kunz, A.M., Ph.D., Honorary Curator of Gems 


Prof. Henry E. Crampton, A.B., Ph.D., Curator 

Roy W. Miner, A.B., Assistant Curator 

Frank E. Lutz, A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Assistant Curator 

L. P. Gratacap, Ph.B., A.B., A.M., Curator of Mollusca 

William Beutenmuller, Associate Curator of Lepidoptera 

John A. Grossbeck, Assistant 

Prof. William Morton Wheeler, Ph.D., Honorary Curator of Social Insects 
Alexander Petrunkevitch, Ph.D., Honorary Curator of Arachnida 
Prof. Aaron L. Treadwell, B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Honorary Curator of Annulata 
Charles W. Leng, Ph.D., Honorary Curator of Coleoptera 


Prof. Bashford Dean, A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Curator of Fishes and Reptiles 
Louis Hussakof, B.S., Ph.D., Associate Curator of Fossil Fishes 
John Treadwell Nichols, A.B., Assistant Curator of Recent Fishes 
Mary Cynthia Dickerson, B.S., Assistant Curator of Herpetology 


Prof. J. A. Allen, Ph.D., Curator 
Frank M. Chapman, Curator of Ornithology 
Roy C. Andrews, A.B., Assistant Curator of Mammalogy 
W. de W. Miller, Assistant Curator of Ornithology 



Prof. Henry Fairfield Osborn, A.B., Sc.D., LL.D., D.Sc, Curator Emeritus 
W. D. Matthew, Ph.B., A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Curator 
Walter Granger, Associate Curator of Fossil Mammals 
Barnum Brown, A.B., Associate Curator of Fossil Reptiles 
William K. Gregory, A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Assistant 

Clark Wissler, A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Curator 
Pliny E. Goddard, A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Associate Curator 
Harlan I. Smith, Associate Curator 
Robert H. Lowie, A.B., Ph.D. ; Assistant Curator 
Herbert J. Spinden, A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Assistant Curator 
Charles W. Mead, Assistant 
Alanson Skinner, Assistant 

Prof. Ralph W. Tower, A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Curator 


Prof. Charles-Edward Amory Winslow, S.B., M.S., Curator 
John Henry O'Neill, S.B., Assistant 

Mary Cynthia Dickerson, B.S., Curator 

Prof. Ralph W. Tower, A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Curator 

Prof. Albert S. Bickmore, B.S., Ph.D., LL.D., Curator Emeritus 
George H. Sherwood, A.B., A.M., Curator 



To the Trustees and Members of The American Museum of 
Natural History, and to the Municipal Authorities of the 
City of New York: 

The President submits herewith his report of the progress 
of the Museum for the year 1910. A new feature of the 
preparation of this report is that its departmental sections* 
have been written under the President's direction by the 
Curators and Officers in charge. 

Our gratitude should first be expressed to the old friends 
and supporters of the American Museum, whose generous 
gifts of the past year are acknowledged in detail in the pages 
of this report. 

While our income from endowment has not materially 
increased, the total gifts towards exploration and exhibition 
exceed those of any previous year in the Museum's history. 

We have gained also new friends at home and abroad who 
have been impressed with the spirit and purpose of the 
Museum. Among the latter may be mentioned especially 
three from Great Britain, Sir Ernest Shackleton, Mr. F. C. 
Selous and Mr. Walter Winans. The contribution of the 
Belgian Government to the Congo Expedition may also be 

The addition of three new departments since 1907, 
namely, of Living Fishes and Reptiles, of Woods and Forestry 
and of Public Health, has made serious demands upon our 
income, when taken in connection with the strengthened 
personnel of several of the older departments and the general 
advances in salaries and wages to meet the increased cost of 
living which affects our entire force of 224 persons. Thus the 
increased endowment afforded by Mr. Jesup's bequest, which 
cannot by its terms be used for any item of Maintenance, 
is offset by these increases. Expansion along this line, how- 

* Beginning on page 26. 


1 6 Report of the President 

ever, has now reached its proper limit for some years to 
come, and the application of an enlarged endowment, which 
is urgently needed, will be mainly in the direction of placing 
on exhibition the superb material from many lands with 
which our storage rooms are still crowded. 

The plan for the general rearrangement of our great and 
rapidly increasing collections and exhibition halls, including 
the movement in the direction of a final ideal plan which shall 
be popular, educational and scientific, has made marked 
progress, but has not yet reached a stage where it can be 

The maintenance of the Museum by the City has been 
increased for 1911 to $189,757, but if this were enlarged to 
the legal limit of $200,000, enjoyed by our sister Museum of 
Art, it would still fall far below the actual expenditures for 
maintenance, which amounted in the year 1910 to $229,259.38. 

During the present year the whole exhibition space, includ- 
ing the new West Wing, has been completely occupied and 
application has been made to the Park Department for the 
erection of a new wing. 

We take this opportunity of acknowledging the spirit of 
cordial cooperation which has animated Park Commissioner 
Stover and the members of the Board of Estimate and Appor- 


The chief work of the past year has been the equipment 
and preparation for exhibition of the new West Wing of the 
Museum on Columbus Avenue and the rearrangement and 
transfer of the exhibitions and collections in the Department of 
Anthropology connected therewith. Thus a number of notable 
collections, some of which have been in the Museum for many 
years, have been installed for the public in the following new 
exhibition halls: 

Philippine Islands, Fourth Floor, New Wing 
South Sea Islands, Fourth Floor, New Wing 
Indians of the Southwest, First Floor, New Wing 
African Ethnology, Second Floor, New Wing 

Report of the President 1 7 

Removals and rearrangements, in connection with these 
important changes, have led to the following transfers: 

mlneralogical hall, fourth floor, west wlng 
Mexican Hall, Second Floor, West Wing 

The Hall of Molluscs, which has been removed from the 
fifth floor, to make room for the new Administrative Offices, is 
still in preparation and will not be open to the public for some 
time. This involves a rearrangement of the shell collections 
of the Museum, among the earliest of its acquisitions, which, 
when completed, will appear under the new aspect of the 
modern spirit of museum exhibition. 

The Buildings and Plans Committee, in connection with the 
expenditure of the $100,000 equipment fund, appropriated by 
the Board of Estimate and Apportionment on July 2, 1909, has 
instituted a thoroughly systematic method of preparing, ap- 
proving and filing of all plans and of controlling expenditures. 
A special room for the Buildings and Plans Committee and 
for the filing of plans will be fitted up. 

The construction of the service roadway from Columbus 
Avenue under the Southwest Wing was completed in May. 
The facilities for handling freight and the weighing and storage 
of coal have been greatly improved thereby. 

A restaurant, modeled to conform to the interior of one of 
the Mexican temples at Mitla, has been opened in the base- 
ment. The historic design and equipment of the room in 
itself, as arranged by Director Bumpus and Professor Saville, 
have attracted much interest. 

For a long time it has been felt that a Members' Room 
should be provided, which patrons of the Museum and their 
friends might enjoy while visiting the institution. Such a room 
is now being equipped on the third floor, from Trustees' funds, 
with writing tables, telephone booth, etc. 

As a greater protection from fire, a new Electric Fire 
Alarm System has been installed in the basement. The signals 

1 8 Report of the President 

are so arranged that if an alarm is sounded, any employe in 
the basement can tell instantly in which section of the building 
the fire is located. 

A feature in the furnishing of the new exhibition halls has 
been the introduction of a new type of gun-metal case with 
marble base, designed by Director Bumpus in consultation with 
Secretary Kent of the Metropolitan Museum. These cases 
are put together in such a way as to facilitate the removal 
of either side without disturbing the remaining sections or the 
material within. The construction is simple, artistic, rela- 
tively inexpensive, but capable of mechanical improvement 
in certain details. 

The series of changes in the exhibition halls has facilitated 
the transfer of the Administrative Offices of the Museum to 
the center of the building, top floor, which is now in progress. 


These changes emphasize the desirability of the adoption 
and approval by the Trustees of a permanent plan of develop- 
ment of the building, as a whole, also of a final educational 
and scientific arrangement of all the collections. This matter 
has been given a great deal of study by the President, in 
consultation with the heads of various departments, and 
especially of Anthropology, which department occupies the 
entire western half of the building. 

A preliminary report by the President, entitled "History, 
Plan and Scope of the American Museum of Natural History," 
was presented at the Forty-first Annual Meeting of the 
Trustees, February 14, 1910, in an edition of fifty copies 
from the Irving Press. A Curators' Edition of the same 
report will be issued early in 191 1, so that the members of 
the scientific staff may have an opportunity of examining the 
proposed future plans of the exhibition halls of the Museum 
and of making any suggestions regarding these plans which 
may be found desirable, before they are finally adopted by 
the Board. 

Report of the President 19 

In the meantime, Messrs. Trowbridge and Livingston, archi- 
tects, were invited to prepare preliminary plans for the new 
Western Entrance Hall of the Museum, facing Seventy-ninth 
Street. These plans have been very carefully studied by the 
Buildings and Plans Committee, with reference to making this 
entrance a monumental gateway to the anthropological half of 
the Museum and of placing therein, on the first and second 
floors, the Due de Loubat collection and other reproduced 
and original archaeological remains from Mexico and Central 
America, which will represent the high-water mark of native 
American culture and lend themselves to an imposing archi- 
tectural treatment. This Hall is being designed in keeping 
with its contents, and an expert archaeologist has been 
especially despatched by the Museum to the ruins of Mexico 
and Yucatan to study and prepare detailed plans for structural 
and mural designs. Director Bumpus and Dr. Spinden also 
visited Mexico in February for this purpose. At the May 
Meeting of the Board, the general plans for this great western 
entrance were approved and referred back to the Committee 
for the further study of detailed design. 

The Committee has also begun the consideration of plans 
for the construction of an East Wing (South Section of the 
East Fagade) on Eighth Avenue or Central Park West, and of 
a Court Building in the southeast area. 

Responding to a request from the Department of Parks 
for an estimate of the probable sum which the Museum will 
require for the purpose of building during the next five years, 
preliminary application has been made to the City for 
$2,750,000, or $550,000 per annum for the years 1911-1915, 
inclusive. This is the amount estimated to be necessary to 
construct and equip the three new sections and a court building, 
together with enlargement of the power plant, now under 
consideration by the Trustees, namely: 


20 Report of the President 

The growth of the collections has been so much more rapid 
than the growth of the building that the Museum still finds 
itself with its great storerooms on the upper floor over- 
crowded and with most interesting collections still undis- 
played. There are, moreover, certain subjects, which will 
be of very great value in the educational system of the City, 
that must be provided for in new buildings, especially 
astronomy, geography, oceanography and ichthyology. In this 
connection, for convenience of reference, it is important to 
summarize the appropriations for building from 187 1 to 1909, 

Total of Appropriations for Construction Purposes of the 
American Museum of Natural History, 1871-1909 

Chapter 290, Laws of 1871 $500,000 

Chapter 315, Laws of 1875 200,000 

Chapter 44, Laws of 1887 400,000 

Chapter 89, Laws of 1889 400,000 

Chapter 423, Laws of 1892 350,000 

Chapter 448, Laws of 1893 50,000 

Chapter 63, Laws of 1894 200,000 

Chapter 235, Laws of 1895 500,000 

Chapter 175, Laws of 1896 500,000 

Chapter 213, Laws of 1897 500,000 

Chapter 183, Laws of 1900 350,000 

Ordinance Board of Aldermen, July 22, 1902 200,000 

Ordinance Board of Aldermen, June 16, 1903 188,000 

Ordinance Board of Aldermen, April 11, 1905. 500,000 

Ordinance Board of Estimate and Apportionment, 1909. . 100,000 


The entire sum, namely, $4,938,000, which has been 
expended thus far for building, is small compared with that 
appropriated for other great public buildings in the City, or 
with the important part which the Museum plays in the 
educational system of New York, or, again, with the large 
amount, now aggregating $4,473,507.32, which the citizens of 
New York have contributed to the endowment, to the collec- 
tions and to the library of this great institution. 

Report of the President 



To clearly show the general policy and scope of the Museum, 

it is interesting to present the allotment, after very careful 

analysis, of the total expenditures of the moneys contributed 

by the City and by the Museum in the year 1909, as follows: 

Analysis of Expenditures in 1909 

A dtninistration {Maintenance) 
All salaries and supplies for the pur- 
pose of scientific and office adminis- 
tration, heating and lighting, 
current repairs, care of exhibition 
halls and collections, sundry and 
general expenses. 


Supplies, etc 

Scientific care of Exhibition Halls, 

Collections {Maintenance) 
All salaries and supplies for the pur- 
pose of preparing, preserving and 
exhibiting specimens and collections 
Publication and Research 
For apportionment of services of the 
scientific staff for publication and 
research, services of artists and 
photographers, the preparation 
and printing of the Bulletin, 
Memoirs, American Museum 
Journal, and of the Jesup North 
Pacific Expedition Publications. 



For the payment of all salaries for 
care and binding, and for the pur- 
chase of books, periodicals, etc. . . . 
Exploration and Purchase of 
For the payment of all field salaries 
and expenses while in the field, 
purchases of all specimens and 
collections, payment of express, 
freight and custom house charges 

for the same 

Public Education 
For the payment of services and 
supplies for photographic work, 
lectures, transferring school collec- 
tions (excepting maintenance of 
automobile, but including chauf- 
feur's services) and Children's 

By the Trustees 

and Friends of 

the Museum 

By the City 


$3,403 3° $122,296 94 $125,700 30 
16,565 32 26,835 31 43.400 63 

21,750 06 17,834 51 39.534 57 

25,695 32 
11,021 19 

7,482 56 

(salaries only) 
9.434 21 

25,695 32 
11,021 19 

16,916 77 

96,291 68 

96,291 68 

5,004 14 3,873 95 8,878 09 

$187,213 63 $180,274 92 $367,488 55 

2 2 Report of the President 

The Trustees and friends of the Museum will be especially 
impressed with the large amount that has been expended, 
particularly for publication and research, for exploration and 
purchase of collections, as well as the generous contribution 
of the Museum to the cause of public education, which is not 
part of our original contract relations with the City. This 
general apportionment of funds is not a new feature of the 
Museum policy, but dates back to the early years of President 
Jesup's administration. It is this broad scientific policy which 
has given the Museum its world-wide reputation and which has 
made a position on its scientific staff as desirable as that of an 
appointment in one of our larger universities. 

The analysis shows also that the general gifts or contribu- 
tions from all sources to the Museum in 1909 exceed by over 
$7,000 the City's contribution to maintenance. The payroll, 
owing to the appointment of new scientific officers, the round- 
ing out of the scientific departments of the Museum so as to 
cover the whole field of natural history, the salaries of these 
officers, the increases of salaries to members of the scientific 
staff as well as to the administrative officers of the institution 
and to the employes or labor force, during the past three 
years, has reached a very large total. 


The year's progress in the Department of Education is 
fully reported upon under the heading " Public Education " on 
page 26. This feature of the Museum's activity is one which 
brings it more closely in touch than any other with the welfare 
of our great City, as a whole, and with our entire public 
educational system. While in our opinion, the City would 
not be justified in building an institution for pure research or 
for exploration, it is more than justified, in fact, it is the very 
wisest use of public funds, to support and extend the system 
of an institution which is doing so much for the cause of 
public enlightenment. Here, again, statistical inquiry has 
been made which illustrates the march of progress during the 
past seven years, 1904-1910: 





















Report of the President 23 

Statistics of Numbers reached by Museum 
Extension System 

1904 1905 1906 

Board of Educa- 
tion Lectures. . . 44,000 42,212 45, 000 

Children's Lec- 
tures 35,ooo 35,000 17,187 

Children's Room 
and Mrs. Roes- 
ler's Special 

Classes visiting 
the Museum for 
General Study. . 7,380 11,000 6,813 

Meetings of Sci- 
entific Societies 
and other Meet- 
ings and Lec- 
tures 21,931 35,281 6,867 11,784 15,587 337,433 58,926 

General Atten- 
dance for all 
purposes 402,449565,489 476,133 537,894 1,043,582 839,141 613,152 

Number of Pupils 
reached by Cir- 
culating Collec- 
tions 250,000375,000 800,000 725,000 575,801 922,512 839,089 

652,449 940,489 1,276,133 1,262,894 1,619,383 1,761,653 1,452,241 

The rise of attendance during the years 1908-1909 was due 
chiefly to the extraordinary interest aroused by the Tuber- 
culosis Exhibition, which brought thousands of new visitors 
from the East Side of the City especially. It was this interest 
which led to the establishment of the new Department of 
Public Health, which, when in full operation, will render 
permanent public service in a new field. 


The income from the Jesup bequest, as well as the generous 
gifts of special funds, during the past year, has enabled the 
Museum to carry on more active and successful expeditions in 
the field than in any previous year of its existence. The wide 
geographical extent of our exploratory work may be judged 
from the following summary: 

24 Report of the President 

In the United States 

Alaska Maine 

Arizona Massachusetts 

California Mississippi 

Dakota Montana 

Florida New Mexico 
New York 

In Foreign Countries 

Alberta, Canada Korea 

Arctic America Mexico 

Belgian Congo Nicaragua 

British East Africa Philippine Islands 

Celebes Samoa 

Colombia Venezuela 

Japan West Indies 

The most notable expeditions, perhaps, are those for the 
benefit of the department of zoology, especially the expedi- 
tion to the Belgian Colony of the Congo and that to British 
East Africa, as described in Curator Allen's report. It is 
especially gratifying to note that the Congo Expedition has 
been partly supported by a contribution from the Belgian 
Government. Important work has also been done in the col- 
lecting of whales off the coast of Japan. The anthropological 
work in the southwestern as well as in the northwestern United 
States is yielding fine results. The expeditions for fossil verte- 
brates have maintained the high standard of previous years. 
It is greatly desired that special funds should be secured for 
the continuance of exploration for fossil horses. 


The Museum continues to enjoy great popularity as a 
center for lectures and for conferences of scientific societies 
and organizations from all parts of the United States. Some 
of the sessions of the Fortieth Anniversary of the American 
Fisheries Society were held at the Museum in September, and 
a luncheon was given to its members. 

During the year, the following societies have been enter- 

American Bison Society 

American Ethnological Society 

American Fisheries Society 

Report of the President 25 

American Nature Study Society 

American Psychological Association, New York Branch 

American Rose Society 

American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society 

Audubon Society of the State of New York 

City History Club of New York 

Employees' Nursery Association 

Fairview Garden School Association 

Geological Society of America 

Horticultural Society of New York 

Linnaean Society of New York 

Mount Holyoke Alumnae Association 

National Association of Audubon Societies for the Protection of Wild 

Birds and Animals 
National Plant, Flower and Fruit Guild 
Natural Science Committee of the Associate Alumnse of the Normal 

College, New York City 
New York Academy of Sciences 
New York Entomological Society 
New York Library Club 
New York Microscopical Society 
New York Mineralogical Club 
Playground Association of America 
School Garden Association of New York 
Society of Former Employees of the United States Nurseries 
Torrey Botanical Club 
West Side Natural History Society 


The internal administration of the Museum remained under 
the guidance of Director Hermon C. Bumpus until the middle 
of June, when he entered upon a six months' leave of absence. 

Through the courtesy of the New York Zoological Society, 
Dr. Charles H. Townsend, Director of the New York Aquarium, 
entered the service of the Museum temporarily as Acting 
Director, an office which he has filled with marked ability and 

Professor R. P. Whitfield, who served as Curator of the 
Department of Geology and Invertebrate Palaeontology for 
more than thirty-two years, and who was made Curator Emeritus 
in 1909, died during the month of April, 1910. He will always 
be remembered as one who rendered the Museum distinguished 
and faithful scientific service. 

26 Report of the President 

Owing to the heavy tax on Professor Osborn's time, which 
his administrative duties as President have entailed, he has 
retired as Curator of the Department of Vertebrate Palaeon- 
tology, after nineteen years of service, and has been appointed 
Curator Emeritus. Dr. W. D. Matthew, Associate Curator, 
has been promoted to the active Curatorship. 

In May, Dr. Bashford Dean offered his resignation as 
Curator of the Department of Ichthyology and Herpetology. 
Dr. Louis Hussakof was promoted to the Associate Curatorship 
of Fossil Fishes and Mr. John Treadwell Nichols to the 
Assistant Curatorship of Recent Fishes. 

The Department of Public Health was organized last 
September, with Professor Charles-Edward Amory Winslow, 
formerly of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as 
its head. 

In June, Mr. J. D. Figgins resigned from the preparation 
staff to accept the Directorship of the Colorado Museum of 
Natural History at Denver. Later, Mr. Albert E. Butler 
resigned to accept a position in the preparation department of 
the same Museum. 

In connection with the leave of absence of Director Bumpus 
and of the resignation of Curator Dean, the Trustees at the 
May meeting appointed a Committee to consider the present 
system of internal administration of the Museum, as provided 
for in the Rules and Regulations of 1902, and to suggest to 
the Board such changes as might be deemed necessary. 


George H. Sherwood, Curator 

Department of Public Education. — According to the 
Articles of Incorporation of the Museum in 1869, one function 
is to furnish popular instruction, and on the basis of this 
charter the Museum entered into contractual relations with 
the City. Not only have the Trustees met in full the letter 
and spirit of this contract with the City, but in many ways, 

Report of the President 2 7 

especially through educational work, they have rendered 
returns to the City far in excess of their contract obligations. 

Without additional compensation from the City, the distri- 
bution of circulating collections to the public schools was 
undertaken, special lectures for school children were insti- 
tuted and special arrangements were made for the reception 
of classes and for their guidance through the Museum. 

This extension work now involves a supplementary annual 
expenditure from Trustees' funds of approximately $5,000. 

For the purpose of making the teachers better acquainted 
with the ways in which the Museum is prepared to assist them 
in their work, a Teachers' Day was held at the Museum early 
in November. Representatives from all of the schools in the 
City were invited to be present and brief illustrated lectures 
were given by members of the scientific staff. Addresses 
were also made by President Henry Fairfield Osborn and Dr. 
William H. Maxwell, Superintendent of Schools, which were 
followed by a general reception. One of the results of 
Teachers' Day has been the creation of a greater interest on 
the part of the teachers in Museum Extension Work, and appli- 
cations for the use of the collections have materially increased. 

Museum Extension to the Schools and Libraries. — This 
is the seventh year that the Museum has supplied the schools 
of the City with the circulating collections of nature study 
specimens, and this work continues to receive the emphatic 
approval of the officials and teachers of the Board of Educa- 
tion. The material contained in these collections has been 
selected with a view to placing in the hands of the teachers the 
specimens which they require for class-room work. At the 
present time these collections include characteristic forms of 
birds, insects, lower invertebrates, minerals and native woods. 

The collections are delivered to the schools by Museum 
messengers and are called for at the end of the loan period. 
During the year 334 schools have been supplied and 839,089 
children have studied the collections. 

Several special collections have been furnished to various 
branch libraries of the City. The material available for this 
purpose includes Philippine, Chinese, Indian, Eskimo, African, 


Report of the President 

Hiawatha, Fiber and Cord, Bird and Native Woods exhibits, 
and plans for the further development of this feature of the 
Museum's work are under way. 

Statistics Relating to the Circulating Collections 








Number of Collec- | 

Number of Schools ) 
of Greater New > 
York supplied. . . ) 

Number of Pupils J 
studying the Col- > 
lections ) 

















Lectures to School Children. — Owing to the many de- 
mands that were made upon the time of the assistants in this 
department, the regular informal course of lectures to school 
children was omitted in the spring. The fall course, however, 
took place as usual, with an attendance of 9,242. These 
lectures are given by various members of the Museum staff, 
with a view to supplementing the class-room work in geography 
and history. 

In addition to the regular course of lectures to school 
children, on request, special lectures were arranged for pupils 
from the High Schools and the Training School for Teachers. 

General Lectures. — The general lectures have included 
two courses to Members of the Museum, the usual series 
given under the auspices of the Board of Education, free 
lectures on public holidays, and special lectures in conjunction 
with the New York Academy of Sciences and Affiliated Socie- 
ties. The attendance at these lectures has been 58,961. 

Photography. — The general photographic work has been 
extensive. The special feature of it has been the prepara- 
tion of the large transparencies for the African Hall, which 
have been colored in oil. 

The reference file of photographs has received several 
important additions. We are greatly indebted to Mr. A. 

Report of the President 29 

Radclyffe Dugmore for permission to make a series of prints 
from his remarkable negatives of big game taken in British 
East Africa. A similar courtesy has been extended by Mr. 
Kermit Roosevelt in connection with the negatives taken by 
him on his recent hunting trip with his father. Dr. Louis 
L. Seaman, another African traveler, has given the Museum 
permission to reproduce his photographs. 

Children's Room. — The Children's Room continues to 
enjoy the popularity which was manifested at its inception. 
While the main purpose of the room is recreative, an instructor 
is always present to answer questions and to guide the interests 
of the children in profitable channels. Owing to the limited 
equipment and to the cramped quarters now occupied, it is 
necessary to restrict the attendance, and many children have 
to be turned away. It is hoped that a patron may be found 
who will provide the necessary support for extending this work. 

Room for the Blind. — Through the bequest of the late 
Phebe Anna Thorne and the generosity of her executors, a 
sum of $25,000 has been provided as an endowment of the 
Room for the Blind, the income from which will provide 
ample funds for the development of this feature of the 
Museum's activities. This sum was given as a memorial to 
Mr. Jonathan Thorne, and a bas-relief tablet in bronze, exe- 
cuted by Mr. Chester M. Beach, has been placed in the room. 

During the year, classes from the public schools and from 
the Institute for the Blind, as well as single visitors, have made 
use of this exhibit. Plans have also been made for supplying 
the classes of blind children in the public schools with special 
loan collections of nature study specimens. 

The services of the instructor have been in increasing 
demand by teachers desiring to have their pupils guided 
through the Museum, and many special lectures have been 
given on request. 

L. P. Gratacap, Curator 

Department of Mineralogy. — The accessions for the 
year, of noteworthy importance, have been almost entirely 
confined to specimens procured through the interest of the 

3<d Report of the President 

Matilda W. Bruce endowment. Among the additions from the 
Bruce Fund may be mentioned a remarkable Binnite from 
Switzerland, a Hambergite from Madagascar, the new and 
brilliant crystallizations of Phenacite from Brazil, the new and 
attractive Natrochalcite from Chile, Seligmanite from Montana, 
and the large clear Topazes from Texas. There have also 
been purchased, through the general appropriation fund, an 
interesting large twin Calcite from St. Lawrence County, New 
York, Tourmaline crystals from California and a beautiful 
native silver group from Houghton, Michigan. Mr. J. Pierpont 
Morgan presented to the department through Dr. George F. 
Kunz a very beautiful cut gem of the new gem-stone " Mor- 
ganite," weighing 57 carats. This is the rose beryl from Mount 
Bity, Madagascar. With it we received an uncut specimen of 
the beryl itself. These specimens have been added to the 
Gem Collection and have attracted deserved attention. 

No research work or collecting has been done, with the 
exception of some local examinations. 

The exhibition of minerals is still unsatisfactory, but it is 
hoped that in the new hall, to which the department expects 
soon to move its collection, it will be possible to adequately 
meet the needs of the public, and also the indisputable claims 
of the collector and the student. This anticipated removal 
has made necessary the preparation of plans contemplating the 
new conditions, and plans also calculated to facilitate the 
mechanical problem of the removal itself. 

The Curator has prepared this year a work entitled 
"Popular Mineralogy," in which is embraced a large section, 
descriptive, in a popular way, of the Bement Collection of 

J. A. Allen, Cur-.tor 

Department of Mammalogy and Ornithology. — The 
accessions in ornithology have been less than in several 
former years, but in mammalogy they greatly exceed those of 
any recent year in the history of the department, not only in 
number of specimens but in their importance. Nearly all 
have been acquired by purchase or through Museum expedi- 

Report of the President 3 1 

tions. The number of specimens of mammals received during 
the year is 1,068; of birds, 1,130 skins and about 125 sets 
of eggs. 

As heretofore, valuable specimens of both mammals and 
birds have been received in the flesh from the New York 
Zoological Society, and many specimens, also in the flesh, 
from the Central Park Menagerie. Among the more note- 
worthy gifts are a small collection of birds from the Samoa 
Islands, including several rare species, and a topotype of a 
newly described cat from Tibet, from Honorable Mason 
Mitchell, U. S. Consul at Samoa; two skins of the Glacier 
Bear, from Alaska, presented by Mr. G. Frederick Norton, of 
New York City ; a skeleton of the rare Giant Forest Pig 
{Hylochcerus) of Africa, presented by Mr. K. V. Painter, of 
Cleveland, Ohio; a collection of small mammals from Colo- 
rado, received from Mr. N. G. Buxton, and a small collection 
of rare birds from the Hawaiian Islands, from Dr. C. H. 

During the year a valuable collection has been received 
from the Museum's Stefansson-Anderson Arctic Expedition, 
consisting of 200 bird skins, numerous nests and eggs and 
nearly 100 mammals, the latter including a series of Barren 
Ground Caribou and White Sheep. Many of these specimens 
were obtained near the Arctic coast, in the Colville River dis- 
trict of Alaska, a region hitherto almost unexplored. 

Mr. M. A. Carriker, Jr., has continued his work for the 
Museum in eastern Venezuela, and during the year has sent to 
the Museum about 200 mammals, many of which were new 
to the collection and several new to science. He has now 
transferred his field of work to western Venezuela, where he 
will remain during 191 1. 

Especially important acquisitions have been made through 
the work of Mr. Roy C. Andrews, Assistant in Mammalogy, 
who late in the season of 1909 was detailed to the ''Albatross " 
on a trip of exploration through the Dutch East Indies, 
through the courtesy of the United States Bureau of 
Fisheries. Although opportunities for shore collecting were 
few and brief, Mr. Andrews secured about 350 specimens 
of birds and a considerable number of mammals, very few of 

3 2 Report of the President 

which were previously represented in the Museum's collections. 
On leaving the "Albatross" at Nagasaki, in February, 1910, 
Mr. Andrews was able to arrange with the President of the 
Oriental Whaling Company of Osaka for opportunity to secure 
skeletons of a considerable number of whales and porpoises, 
all of which have safely reached the Museum. They include 
the Sulphurbottom, Finback, Sperm and Sardine whales, all 
fully adult and of large size respectively for the species; also 
two Killer whales and ten porpoises, representing four species, 
one of them new to science. He was able also to study, 
photograph and take measurements of 180 large whales, and to 
study and photograph various parts of skeletons in situ, the re- 
lations of which cannot always be satisfactorily determined 
after maceration. Not only is Mr. Andrews entitled to great 
credit for the use he made of his opportunities, but the Museum 
is greatly indebted for courtesies and material assistance 
rendered to Mr. Andrews by the President and other officials 
of the Oriental Whaling Company, without whose cordial assis- 
tance such success would have been impossible. 

Early in the year (February to May) Mr. F. M. Chapman, 
Curator of Birds, made a trip to the Mount Orizaba region of 
Mexico to secure material and data for a large "habitat 
group " to illustrate American tropical bird life. The trip 
was eminently successful, everything having been secured that 
can be required in the construction of the group. 

Thus far no material has been received from the Museum's 
Congo Expedition under the leadership of Messrs. Herbert 
Lang and James Chapin. This expedition, which was made 
possible through the contributions of a number of friends of the 
Museum, left New York in May, 1909, with the expectation of 
remaining in the Congo for three years. Advices received from 
them give assurance that they have thus far met with most 
excellent success along every line of their work, the collections 
already made numbering thousands of specimens of birds and 
mammals, besides much material in other departments of 
natural history. 

Mr. W. B. Richardson, who for three years collected 
mammals and birds for the Museum in Nicaragua, was sent on 
an expedition to western Colombia in October of the present 



3 £ 




O — 



. d 

Report of the President 33 

year, and a small collection has already been received from 
him. His work promises excellent results and will be con- 
tinued during the coming year. 

The White Bighorn Sheep Group was completed early in the 
year, and a Fur Seal Group, the gift of the late Mr. D. O. Mills, 
has been prepared and placed on exhibition; also a hippo- 
potamus and several large African antelopes. The new Loon 
Group has been added to the series of Habitat Groups of 
Birds, and work on the Mount Orizaba Life-Zone Group is 
well under way. 

Six papers, prepared by the Curator, have been published 
during the year in the Museum Bulletin, five of which relate to 
mammals and one to birds. One of them is a final report on 
the mammals recently received by the Museum from Nicaragua. 
As usual, the Curator has also had editorial supervision of the 

Mr. Miller, Assistant in Ornithology, has spent much time 
on a monographic review of the birds of Nicaragua, based on 
the Richmond collection, which will be ready for publication in 
the next volume of the Bulletin. 

Henry Fairfield Osborn, Curator Emeritus ; W. D. Matthew, Curator 

Department of Vertebrate Palaeontology. — The most 
important accessions of the year have been through Museum 
expeditions to the Cretaceous Dinosaur beds of Montana and 
of Alberta, Canada, in charge of Mr. Brown, and to the Lower 
Eocene of Wyoming, in charge of Mr. Granger. Both ex- 
peditions were more than usually successful. Mr. Brown ob- 
tained a large and valuable collection, including skeletons of 
the Duck-billed Dinosaur, of a diminutive Horned Dinosaur 
and of a large Armored Dinosaur. Mr. Granger's party 
secured a skeleton of the Four-toed Horse, Eohippus, repre- 
senting a somewhat older stage in the Ancestry of the Horse 
than has been known hitherto, besides a large series of skulls, 
jaws, etc., of Lower Eocene mammals, many of them new to 
science. Dr. W. J. Sinclair, of the geological staff of Prince- 

34 Report of the President 

ton University, joined this expedition as a volunteer, and 
contributed valuable observations upon the geology of the 
country, besides discovering many of the specimens secured. 

A discovery of peculiar interest to citizens of New York is 
a considerable part of a dinosaur skeleton at Fort Lee, at the 
very gates of the city. This specimen was found in the red 
shales which underlie the trap rock of the Palisades about a 
mile and a half north of the ferry landing, and the animal whose 
bones are thus preserved probably wandered in life over what 
is now Manhattan Island. The Museum is indebted for this 
discovery to Messrs. J. E. Hyde, D. D. Conditand J. C. Boyle, 
postgraduate students under Professor Kemp of the Depart- 
ment of Geology of Columbia University. 

Through the efforts of President Osborn, Dr. R. Broom, 
the distinguished palaeontologist of Cape Colony, has been in- 
duced to collect in the interests of this Museum in the Karroo 
formation of that region, and has already secured a skeleton 
and a fine series of skulls of the ancient and peculiar types of 
fossil reptiles which inhabited Africa during the Permian 

The Museum has secured through exchange with the 
Tubingen University a fine Ichthyosaur skeleton, which when 
restored and mounted will afford an excellent companion 
piece to the Plesiosaur skeleton recently placed on exhibition. 
Other important exchanges have been made with the Stock- 
holm and La Plata Museums. The exchange list in this de- 
partment now includes the Museums of London, Paris, Berlin, 
Munich, Stuttgart, Tubingen, Frankfurt, Darmstadt, Basel, 
Prague, Lyons (City and University), Stockholm, Christiania, 
Moscow, Bucharest, Bologna, Stellenbosch, Adelaide, Buenos 
Aires, La Plata, and the Universities of Yale, Princeton, 
Michigan, Kansas, California, the National Museum and 

Finally, in earnest of the cordial relations existing between 
this institution and the Senckenberg Museum of Frankfurt, 
the directors of that museum have recently notified us of 
their decision to present to us a splendid skeleton of Mystrio- 
saurus, a marine crocodile of the Jurassic Period. This will 
be an important addition to the series of fine skeletons of 

Report of the President 35 

extinct marine reptiles of Europe which have been acquired 
chiefly through exchange and gift. 

The most important additions to the exhibition series are 
the skeletons of Cryptoclidus, a Plesiosaur or marine reptile of 
the Jurassic Period, and of Camptosanrus, an American relative 
of the Igna)iodon of Europe; a fine skull and jaws of the great 
Horned Dinosaur, Triceratops, and a skull of Mastodon. A num- 
ber of important skeletons or groups are ready for exhibition or 
are in course of preparation. Of these the group of four great 
Ground Sloth skeletons (completed) and skeletons of a small 
ancestral Ground Sloth and of the peculiar extinct Ungulates, 
Toxodon and Macrauche?ua (in preparation) are designed for 
the South American exhibit in the new hall soon to be occu- 
pied. A skeleton of the clawed ruminant, Agriochcerus, and a 
panel mount of five skeletons of Stenomylus, an extinct Came- 
loid, have been completed for the Fossil Mammal Hall. For 
the Dinosaur Hall the skeleton of the Toothed Bird, Hesperor- 
ni's, and the " Dinosaur Mummy " are completed; those of the 
primitive reptile, Diadeetes, and the primitive amphibian, Eryops, 
of the Permian Period, are nearly completed ; the Tyrannosaurus 
group, two giant carnivorous dinosaurs with their prey, is well 
under way, and work has begun on a mountable skeleton of the 
Horned Dinosaur, Triceratops. 

In all the more important recent exhibits of this department 
the object has been, by grouping and selection of characteristic 
poses and by adding suitable accessories, to increase their in- 
terest and teaching value. This method, widely adopted for 
exhibits in recent zoology, appears to be equally successful in 
the exhibition of fossil vertebrates. With collections of the 
size that those of this department have attained, it appears im- 
portant to aim at quality rather than quantity in its exhibits and 
to show a few impressive and instructive groups rather 
than a much larger number and variety of individual 

A series of four large wall panels for the Tertiary Mammal 
Hall, the gift of Mr. J. P. Morgan, Jr., illustrating faunal 
life scenes in that period, has been designed and the pre- 
liminary drawings completed by Mr. Knight, under direction 
of Professor Osborn. 

36 Report of the President 

Mr. Chubb has continued his work upon modern osteology, 
especially of the horse, and has several important preparations 
completed or in progress. 

The most important publication of the year from this 
department is Professor Osborn's " Age of Mammals," pub- 
lished by the Macmillan Company, in which for the first time 
the results of the great activity of recent years in collecting 
and research upon fossil mammals have been brought together 
in popular form. This work has been accomplished through 
the aid of the Research and Publication Fund. No adequate 
text-book on this subject hitherto has existed, and the need 
for one has been frequently urged. "The Orders of 
Mammals," by Dr. Gregory, an able and philosophic study of 
the relationships of the various large groups of mammals, 
living and extinct, issued as Vol. XXVII of the Bulletin, 
also has been very favorably received. Studies of the Tyranno- 
saitrus skull and the Trachodon mummy by Professor Osborn, 
upon the Toothed Birds by Mr. Brown, upon Permian Verte- 
brates by Dr. Case and Dr. Broom, upon Sabretooth Tigers 
and Primitive Rodents by Dr. Matthew, have been completed, 
and other important research work is in progress. 

In consequence of the heavy demands upon Professor 
Osborn's time as President, Dr. Matthew has been appointed 
active Curator, Professor Osborn taking the title of Curator 
Emeritus and continuing to direct, as formerly, the general 
policy of the department, while relieved of its executive 
detail. Mr. Barnum Brown has been appointed Associate 
Curator of Fossil Reptiles, and Mr. Walter Granger, Associate 
Curator of Fossil Mammals; these appointments are a well 
merited recognition of their successful exploration work and 
efficient and loyal cooperation in the various activities of the 
department. The department is also fortunate in the addition 
of Dr. W. K. Gregory to its regular staff. 

Bashford Dean, Curator; Louis Hussakof, Associate Curator 
Department of Ichthyology and Herpetology. — Pro- 
fessor Bashford Dean served as Curator until April and then 

Report of the President 37 

handed the department over to Dr. Louis Hussakof, who took 
charge of the fossil fishes. The care of the living fishes was 
assigned to Mr. Nichols, under the supervision of the Director, 
and that of the living batrachians and reptiles to Miss Dicker- 
son, also under the supervision of the Director. 

Living Fishes. — Early in March the operations of the yacht 
"Tekla," which had been cruising in Florida waters for several 
weeks under command of Messrs. Alessandro and Ernesto 
Fabbri, came to an end. Through the kind interest of the 
Messrs. Fabbri, the Museum received by gift collections of fishes 
made during this trip, chiefly under the direction of Mr. 
Nichols. The Museum also received as a gift from the Messrs. 
Fabbri the moulds of a large cub shark and of a fourteen-foot 
saw-fish, both of which have been largely remodeled and cast 
and are now displayed in the Corridor of Recent Fishes. 

Through the generosity of Mr. Cleveland H. Dodge, the 
department was enabled to send for a period of seven weeks 
(middle of March to the end of April) an expedition to Moon 
Lake, Mississippi, for the purpose of collecting materials for 
an exhibition group of that singular ganoid, popularly known 
as the paddlefish. The expedition succeeded beyond all 
expectation. The specimens were collected, the necessary 
color studies and photographs made and moulds of fish in 
various attitudes prepared. The entire material now awaits 
preparation into a group. This expedition was in charge of 
Dr. Louis Hussakof, who acted under the general direction of 
Professor Dean and was ably assisted in the field by Mr. 
Dwight Franklin of the taxidermist staff of the Museum. 

The summer's fishing trip of Mr. Russell J. Coles, of Dan- 
ville, Virginia, may also be regarded, in a way, as a Museum 
expedition, for it resulted in the gift to the Museum, by Mr. 
Coles, of a valuable collection of fishes from the North Carolina 
coast, including several forms which are exceedingly rare and 
one (a batoid shark, Mobula olfersi) which was previously 
known from but two examples. 

Among the important exhibits, already installed or in course 
of installation, may be mentioned the large cub shark and the 
fourteen-foot saw-fish, referred to above, also a nine-foot sword- 

38 Report of the President 

fish, the gift of Mr. George McKesson Brown. Other prepara- 
tions, including a model of the Japanese frilled shark, 
Chlaftiydoselachus, and of a tunny are under way and not 
far from completion. 

The identification and cataloguing of recent fishes has 
made very satisfactory progress and work on the study collec- 
tions has steadily progressed. 

Mr. Nichols has prepared a list of the species of fishes 
occurring within fifty miles of New York City. This will 
undoubtedly be of great help in the work of the department in 
selecting recent fishes to be introduced into the exhibition, 
and will be invaluable when it becomes possible to have an 
especial "local" collection. 

The unidentified "lantern fishes" in the Museum's collec- 
tion have been worked up by Professor Charles H. Gilbert of 
Stanford University, but are not yet published. 

Mr. Nichols has now in hand a collection of mackerel-like 
fish from Java which he is identifying for the United States 
National Museum. 

Fossil Fishes. — By the aid of the Dodge Fund, the 
Museum acquired a valuable collection of the primitive fossil 
fishes, known as Arthrodira, which was brought together in the 
course of a number of years by Mr. Peter A. Bungart, of 
Lorain, Ohio. The collection comprises sixty pieces, includ- 
ing several unique specimens of great scientific value. 

Dr. Hussakof has devoted a considerable portion of his time 
during the past year to cataloguing, revising and rearranging 
the study collection of fossil fishes. 

The fishes of the Permian Period and the Silver Sharks 
{Chimceroids) of the Chalk Period, in the Cope collection, have 
been restudied and the results embodied in two scientific 
papers, one of which is in press and the other nearly ready for 

The fossil fish exhibit has been improved by the addition of 
several specimens, including a cast of a remarkable " Placo- 
derm" from the Old Red Sandstone of Scotland, Homosteus 
millerij and its popular interest has been enhanced by the 
addition of maps and labels. An exhibit to illustrate the 

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Report of the President 39 

evolution of the lungfishes, to consist of a series of seven 
models of fishes in bas-relief, is in course of preparation. 

Living Reptiles and Batrachians.* — In exhibition work 
there has been progress on a synoptic series, especially 
in those directions in which live material could be obtained, 
and reference must be made to the courteous help of the 
New York Zoological Park and of the New York Aquarium 
in loans and gifts of such material for color study and 
casts. In this series emphasis has been put not only on 
identification and classification, but the representative forms 
are shown also in action and sometimes in a simple habitat so 
that additional facts are presented in life history, habit and 
adaptation to environment. 

The preparation of wax casts from plaster moulds, the 
animals being posed in active positions from life, has been very 
largely the method of the work, and the results display 
accurate life form and texture. The final illusion has been 
given by coloring directly from living animals. That the work 
has resulted in setting before the visitor to the Museum the 
beginning of a collection of lifelike amphibia, forms hitherto 
shown in alcoholic specimens only, and the beginning of a 
similar series of reptiles, is due largely to the excellent crafts- 
manship of the preparators, Messrs. Dwight Franklin and 
Thomas Bleakney, to Mr. F. Blaschke in those cases where 
the forms were modeled instead of cast directly, and to 
Mr. G. C. Bell in some dozen cases where complex piece 
moulds were necessary. The total number of casts and 
models for the synoptic series, completed or nearly so, is 

There is in preparation also a series of skeletons. These are 
posed in life positions and show not only osteological facts but 
also emphasize facts of popular interest, such as the spreading 
of the ribs to form the hood of the cobra. These skeletons, 
to the number of eighteen, have been prepared by Mr. Adolph 
Elwyn of the Department of Physiology. 

A series of groups to cover the herpetology of North 
America, as the Habitat Bird Groups cover the ornithology, 

* Report prepared by Mary C. Dickerson, Assistant Curator of Herpetology. 

40 Report of the President 

has been planned and work has progressed on three until they 
will soon be ready to assemble. The total number of casts 
made for these groups is eighty-seven, making a grand total 
for the synoptic series and casts of one hundred and seventy- 
five. The groups are as follows: 

First, a group to show some of the common batrachians and 
reptiles of a summer pond in the coastal region of the north- 
eastern United States, with the bullfrog especially prominent. 
The plant accessories for this and the other groups under way 
have been made by Mr. Patch and other assistants in the 
department of preparation. Fourteen wax casts of bullfrogs 
are ready to take their places in this setting. They have been 
cast and colored by Mr. Franklin. They teach as far as pos- 
sible the general biology of the frog, covering the questions of 
life in water and air. Painted turtles, adult and young, for 
this group have been cast by Mr. Franklin and colored by Mr. 
Bleakney. The second of the groups will present a study of 
the toads of southern New England in May. Fifteen toads of 
two species, Bufo fowleri and Bufo americanus, have been cast 
in wax by Mr. Franklin and colored by Mr. Bleakney. The 
positions and activities chosen present forcefully the habits of 
the toad. Secondary in interest are green frogs, common 
tree-toads, painted turtles and water-snakes. The third group 
will show wood frogs, Pickering's hylas, spotted turtles and 
ribbon-snakes. Fourteen wood frog casts, seven hyla casts 
and two casts of spotted turtles are completed. In addition 
to these three groups twenty-four casts are completed as a 
partial equipment for a southern group. 

Research on the relationships of certain specimens of 
Bufonidse of the United States and on the ecology, general 
biology and taxonomy of the Urodela of North America has 
progressed, though slowly because of the demands of other 

A short field expedition was made into southern Massachu- 
setts in July for collections and study relating to the bullfrog 
group. Much material for the accessories was obtained and 
many photographic studies were made. The field trip planned 
to South Carolina for work on an alligator group had to be 
postponed because of pressure of work in other lines. 

Report of the President 41 

Work has progressed on a reference catalogue of the 
collection of amphibia and reptiles which is to be moved into 
a well-equipped fifth floor room for greater convenience in the 
work. Negotiations are pending for important exchanges with 
scientific institutions. Much valuable material has been 
acquired and catalogued through the generosity of the Cleve- 
land H. Dodge Fund and through other gifts, especially those 
from the New York Zoological Park and the New York 


Henry Edward Crampton, Curator 

Department of Invertebrate Zoology. — Substantial 
progress has been made in all the varied lines of activity in 
which the department is engaged. The several exhibition 
halls have been developed, successful field work has been 
carried on, the study collections have been considerably 
augmented, while at the same time scientific investigations by 
members of the staff have been continued with success. 
Through its recent reorganization the department is now com- 
posed of three divisions. The first of these, under the 
immediate supervision of Mr. Miner, is concerned with the 
general invertebrate collections, the Darwin Hall and the 
preparation room. The second, in charge of Curator Grata- 
cap, deals with the collections of molluscs and with the 
exhibition Hall of Molluscs. The entomological collections as 
a whole, together with the Hall of Insect Life and of Local 
Insects, are under the general charge of Dr. Lutz, whose 
staff of assistants has been materially strengthened by the 
addition of Mr. Grossbeck, appointed August 1, 19 10. Mr. 
Beutenmtiller is in immediate charge of the Lepidoptera. 

For the furtherance of his service to the Museum, and also 
in connection with his own research, during the past summer 
Curator Crampton visited numerous museums and zoological 
institutions in England, France, Belgium, Holland, Germany, 
Austria and Italy. Especially profitable was an additional 
visit to the Oceanographic Museum at Monaco. The present 
plans for the further development of the department, as regards 

42 Report of the President 

explorations and the collection, study and exhibition of 
invertebrates, consequently have been formulated on the basis 
of a fuller acquaintance with scientific institutions and scien- 
tific men in Europe and America, with museum methods, and 
with the problems and methods of field exploration. 

Invertebrates in General. — The synoptic series in the 
Darwin Hall has been amplified by a series of nine models and 
twenty-five alcoholic specimens. The policy of installing 
biological exhibits like the Cold Spring Harbor Group has been 
continued and two striking groups are now approaching com- 
pletion. One of these presents an association of annelid worms 
as they occur on the shore of Devil's Foot Island, Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts. The second gives a typical association of 
submarine animals occurring on the piles of a wharf. Additional 
groups of a similar nature are projected. The value of such 
exhibits is realized in their presentation of the biological con- 
ditions under which typical invertebrates exist. Of a still more 
general nature are projected exhibits designed to illustrate 
variation, heredity, distribution and similar phenomena of 

During the year the study collections of invertebrates have 
been thoroughly overhauled, reclassified and permanently 
installed in fireproof cases, the work being completed in the case 
of six phyla. The remaining groups will be similarly treated 
during the coming year. The study collections have been 
increased by numerous gifts as well as by the work of the 
Museum's collectors. Mr. Miner secured a wide series of 
invertebrates from the coasts of Massachusetts and Maine. 
Professor Treadwell obtained a valuable collection of annulates 
from Dry Tortugas, Florida. Dr. Hussakof and Mr. Franklin 
collected myriapods, spiders, ants and other forms in the 
course of their work in Mississippi for the Department of 
Ichthyology. Dr. Lutz also obtained various invertebrates 
during his entomological work. The collections of echino- 
derms, crustaceans and other marine types made by Dr. 
Crampton in the South Seas have also been incorporated in 
the study series. 

Mr. Miner, assisted by several members of the preparation 

Report of the President 43 

room staff, spent over two months in field work on the coasts 
of Massachusetts and Maine in order to add to our general 
collections and also to make observations, photographs and 
drawings of detailed items for use in constructing habitat 
groups of seashore life for the Darwin Hall. 

Dr. Crampton has several publications nearly ready for 
printing: these are the first instalment of a monograph on 
" The Distribution and Evolution of Polynesian Snails," a paper 
on "Natural Selection in Lepidoptera," a book on "The 
Doctrine of Evolution " (Hewitt Lectures of Columbia Univer- 
sity), and a paper on " The Heredity of the Single and Double- 
brooded Characters in Cynthia." The Catalogue of Spiders by 
Dr. Petrunkevitch is now in process of printing by the Museum. 

Molluscs. — The accessions of principal importance in this 
division during the past year have been an interesting and use- 
ful gift by Mr. A. D. Gabay of a series of polished shells (for 
the most part of the sea abalone or Haliotis), and the purchase 
of a few land shells from Jamaica and of a group of very 
beautiful polished pearl-bearing fresh-water clams from the 
Middle West. 

A great deal of time has been expended in making prepara- 
tions for the occupation of the new Hall of Molluscs, wherein 
will be more clearly shown and elucidated the habits, biology, 
evolution and distribution of these most variously conditioned 
and contrasted animals. Attention may be called to the 
advantages of devoting a single room to a study storage 
collection, in which would be contained, as far as possible, a 
complete systematic series of all the species in the present col- 
lection, which is a composite of almost half a dozen large 
assemblages of shells and in which, indeed, none of the 
numerous accessions made in the last eight years has been 

Literary work in the section of Molluscs has been confined 
to the beginning of a work on the marine shells of the eastern 
United States. 

Hall of Local Insects and Insect Biology. — The most 
striking feature in the entomological work of 1910 has been 

44 Report of the President 

the growth of the Local Collection now under the custody of 
the New York Entomological Society, due to the continued 
cordial relations between the Society and the Museum. The 
accessions by gift to this collection are only an imperfect 
indication of the work the Society has done, as members have 
given liberally of their time and experience in naming speci- 
mens and working out other scientific problems in connection 
with the insect fauna of the vicinity of New York City. In 
addition, it has been the privilege of the Museum to aid in the 
work of the local entomologists by furnishing a much appreci- 
ated "home" on the north side of the exhibition hall and by 
the loan of literature and specimens for their studies. 

The Museum itself has added to the Local Collection from 
the Newcomb purchase and by numerous field trips within fifty 
miles of New York City. A valuable supplement to the 
specimens of local insects is a collection of plants and notes 
concerning the feeding habits of insects, which has been given 
by Dr. E. B. Southwick. It is proposed to install this collec- 
tion in Dr. Lutz's office where it will be available and con- 
venient to any student who wishes to determine what plant it is 
upon which he has found an insect, what other insects feed 
upon that plant or what other plants that insect feeds upon. 
The largest additions to the general insect collection have been 
the Tower collection of Mexican insects, which is deposited 
with the Museum, and the Sauter collection from Sumatra. 
Negotiations have been completed for the purchase of the 
Williston collection of tropical American Diptera. By securing 
this collection the Museum will become an important center of 
dipterology, as it already has many types in this order. 

The work of getting the general collection of insects into 
shape is making definite progress, thanks to the additional 
assistants who have been available during the past few months. 
The Hymenoptera, Diptera and Orthoptera have been 
arranged as far as is profitable in view of the fact that for the 
most part they are uncatalogued and in great part unidentified ; 
the other orders are not yet arranged even in this preliminary 
way. About twenty thousand specimens have been catalogued. 
A large number of identifications has been made, chiefly by 
outside assistance. This latter task is necessarily slow, as 

Report of the President 45 

much of the identified material which we have for comparison 
has not had the taxonomy brought up to date. 

During the summer Dr. Lutz carried on extensive field 
work in the region around New York City. At a conservative 
estimate he obtained about twenty thousand insects belonging 
to at least fifteen hundred species. In this work Dr. Lutz was 
fortunate in having the cordial cooperation of many noted 
entomologists, among whom are Messrs. Sleight, Davis, Leng, 
Love, Pollard, Harris, Schaeffer, Watson and Wintersteiner. 
The results of this work are of high importance not only for 
the survey of our surrounding territory but also for the larger 
problems involving a comparison of the local fauna with insects 
of other regions of the United States, Mexico, Central and 
South America. 

The development of the Hall of Insect Life and of Local 
Insects has progressed along the lines laid down last year with 
extremely satisfactory results. When fully installed, the 
exhibits in this hall will provide the student with a complete 
outline of entomology and of insect biology; this cannot fail 
to be of great service to the public and to the educational 
system of New York City. 

Dr. Lutz has completed a monograph dealing with experi- 
mental work upon Drosophila; this is now in the hands of the 
Carnegie Institution for printing. Mr. Beutenmuller has con- 
tinued his work upon the North American species of insects 
that produce galls; three papers have been published, and 
others are in preparation, as well as an extensive monograph 
on the Catocala. Professor Wheeler's splendid work on 
"Ants" has appeared. This remarkable volume reflects great 
credit upon the author and also upon the department and the 
Museum, through his connection with the latter as an Honorary 


Edmund Otis Hovey, Curator 

Department of Geology and Invertebrate Palaeon- 
tology. — The principal accessions during the past year have 
been in the line of general and economic geology rather than 
invertebrate palaeontology. Mention should be made of a large 

46 Report of the President 

stalagmite and an abundance of other material from the walls 
of a cave opened in the course of ordinary operations in the 
Copper Queen Mine, Bisbee, Arizona, during the past summer. 
The material was collected under the direction of the Curator 
for the purpose of constructing a cave in the Hall of Geology, 
and has been presented to the Museum by the Copper Queen 
Consolidated Mining Company. Other important acquisitions 
are the Knowles meteorite, a mass of nickel iron 18 inches long 
and 14 inches high, weighing 355 pounds, from Knowles, 
Oklahoma, a unique mass found in 1903; a 218-pound mass of 
the siderolite form of the Brenham meteorite, being the second 
largest mass of this phase known, and a beautiful slice of 
El Inca, Peru, an iron meteorite showing excellent Widman- 
statten figures. 

The Curator spent about a month in the field in Arizona 
for the purpose of making studies for the preparation of the 
Copper Queen Mine model, which is to be the gift of Dr. James 
Douglas. He took with him a map maker, a photographer 
and a preparator, who spent several weeks gathering the data 
needed for the construction of the model, in addition to those 
furnished by the engineering and geological staff of the Copper 
Queen Consolidated Mining Company. 

Some important changes have been made in the arrangement 
of the material in care of this department. The Ward-Coonley 
collection of meteorites (which is on loan at the Museum) has 
been removed from the Hall of Geology and placed in the 
corridor next west of the foyer. The general Museum collection 
of meteorites has been transferred from the Department of 
Mineralogy to this department and has been installed in six 
metal-framed cases in the foyer. In addition to this we have 
installed the new Knowles meteorite, the newly acquired mass 
of the Brenham meteorite and the El Inca meteorite in the 
foyer. The specimen of El Inca is a polished slab showing the 
entire section of the meteorite, and it has been mounted in its 
proper position in a bisected model of the entire mass, forming 
a noteworthy addition to the series. These changes in instal- 
lation have brought together in two contiguous rooms the best 
series of meteorites in this country and one of the best in the 

Report of the President 47 

A giant specimen of Inoceramus, more than four feet across, 
from the Niobrara Chalk beds of Kansas, has been carefully 
restored as far as the material permitted and has been placed 
on exhibition. 

The smaller of the two specimens of glacial grooves from 
Kelly's Island, which were obtained in the fall of 1909 with the 
aid of the Dr. F. E. Slocum Fund, has been squared up and 
mounted at the south end of the Hall of Geology. 

In the main Hall of Geology, metal-framed cases have been 
installed, as an experiment with reference to the recasing of 
the entire hall. On account of the taking of the south 
central hall of the building (what has been the Mineral 
Hall for the past ten years) for the exhibition of Quaternary 
mammals, etc., it has been decided to reverse the arrange- 
ment of the specimens in the Hall of Geology and have 
the historical series begin at the south end instead of the 
north end as at present. Work upon this change will be begun 
in January. 

The Curator retained the editorship of the American 
Museum Journal through the issue of the May number, and 
then was relieved of the duty. He was ably assisted in this 
editorial work by Miss Mary C. Dickerson, who has since been 
sole editor of the Journal. 

Changes in the Staff. — On 31 December, 1909, after more 
than thirty-two years of active service, Professor R. P. Whit- 
field was retired from the curatorship of this department and 
made its Curator E?neritus. The full care of the department was 
assigned to the present Curator beginning with 1 January, 
1910, although the official appointment was not made until 
the time of the Annual Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 
After a lingering illness of several weeks, Professor Whit- 
field died at Troy, N. Y., on 6 April. He was a remarkable 
man in many ways. Although he had had practically no 
school training, his mind was naturally so methodical in 
its workings, his faculties of observation were so keen and 
his memory for places, dates and form so retentive that he 
became one of the foremost palaeontologists of his genera- 
tion and rendered invaluable service to the Museum, par- 

48 Report of the President 

ticularly with reference to the identification, labeling and 
care of the great Hall collection of fossils. He is greatly 
missed in the Museum. 


Clark Wissler, Curator 

Department of Anthropology. — This has been an ex- 
ceptional year in the acquisition of large and important 
collections. Mr. J. P. Morgan presented the Lenders collection 
of costumes and decorated objects from the various Indian 
tribes in central North America. This is a very complete and 
extensive collection and especially valuable as an exhibition 
series for that area. A large collection from the Hopi Indians 
made by Rev. H. R. Voth was purchased by authorization of 
the Appointive Committee on Primitive Peoples of the South- 
west, of which Mr. Archer M. Huntington is Chairman. This 
collection contains many of the older and rarer pieces illustrat- 
ing Hopi ethnology. From Mr. Anson W. Hard was received 
a large series of Saltillo and Chimayo and other native fabrics 
from southwestern United States. The pieces from the 
Chimayo are of the older type, examples of which have not 
been manufactured for many years, these Indians being now 
practically extinct. A special collection of Navajo blankets 
was presented by Mrs. Russell Sage. By purchase was acquired 
the Starr Congo collection made by Professor Frederick Starr 
during two years' exploration in Central Africa; the Benedict 
Bagobo (Philippine) collection made during three years' 
exploration by Miss Laura E. W. Benedict, and the Tefft 
American Indian collection presenting a large series of objects, 
especially from tribes of the Eastern Woodlands, the result of 
several years' collection and selection by Mr. Erastus T. Tefft. 

Among the important collections made by members of our 
staff are those from the various divisions of the Apache and 
the Navajo by Associate Curator Goddard; collections illus- 
trating the material culture and arts of the various Rio Grande 
Pueblo villages by Assistant Curator Spinden; collections from 
the Papago and other Indian tribes of Arizona by Curator 
Wissler, all of which were made under a grant from the 
Committee on Primitive Peoples of the Southwest. In 

Report of the President 49 

connection with the systematic work among Indians of the 
Plains under the direction of the Committee on Indians 
of the Plains, of which Mr. Archibald Rogers was Chairman, 
a collection representing the general ethnology of the Crow 
Indians was brought together by Assistant Curator Lowie; 
a collection from the Hidatsa and other Village Indians 
was made by Assistant Curator Lowie and Rev. Gilbert L. 
Wilson, and a collection illustrating the ceremonies and 
medicine practices of the Menomini Indians also a special 
collection from the Seminole Indians of Florida were made by 
Assistant Skinner. 

Under a special grant from the Committee on Primitive 
Peoples of the Southwest, collection and investigation were 
carried on among the Apache, Navajo and Pima tribes and 
the Rio Grande Pueblos. Dr. Goddard spent several months 
among the several divisions of the Apache, the results of 
which will appear in a special publication. Dr. Spinden con- 
tinued the work of last year on material culture among the Rio 
Grande Pueblos, giving special attention to the historic aspects 
of the ceramic art. Miss Kissell is visiting the Papago and the 
Pima tribes of Arizona investigating the textile arts. 

Under the general appropriation for North American 
Research the systematic work of former years was continued 
among the Northern Plains tribes. Dr. Lowie spent the 
summer among the Crow and Village Indians, giving special 
attention to the men's societies. Rev. Gilbert L. Wilson visited 
the Hidatsa. Mr. Alanson Skinner took up the work of 
former years among the Menomini, particularly the unusual 
ritualistic development and medicine practices still extant. 
Under the direction of the Curator, Mr. D. C. Duvall gathered 
new data on the ceremonies of the Blackfoot Indians. Dr. J. 
R. Walker made some progress with the collection of native 
manuscripts from Dakota Indians. 

During the year three new ethnographic halls were added 
to the general series: one for Africa and two for North 
America. The African exhibit presents, so far, a representa- 
tive series from the Congo region. To this will soon be added 
collections from other parts of the continent. By means of 
several life-size figures and a series of mural sketches, the 

50 Report of the President 

effectiveness and force of this exhibit have been increased. For 
North America two general culture areas now have fair repre- 
sentation — the North Pacific coast and the Southwest. An 
entire hall is now given over to the nomadic and sedentary 
peoples of southwestern United States and northern Mexico; 
the Emmons and other collections for the tribes of southern 
Alaska and western British Columbia have been rearranged 
and provided with new cases; the Hall of Mexican and 
Central American Archaeology has been moved to the second 
floor. On the fourth floor progress has been made with a hall 
for the South Sea Islands and another for the Philippines. A 
series of mural panels for the North Pacific Hall and a number 
of plaster figures for a canoe group are nearing completion. 

The formal statements of research by the staff are pub- 
lished in a special series entitled "Anthropological Papers." 
During the year the Curator issued " The Material Culture of 
the Blackfoot Indians," in connection with which there was a 
general comparative review of corresponding results in our 
systematic survey of the area. Associate Curator Smith issued 
an archaeological survey of the Yakima Valley, with compara- 
tive notes on the whole Columbia region. He also prepared 
for immediate publication a full report on excavations in north 
eastern Kentucky, demonstrating the similarity between the 
aboriginal culture in that part of the State and the so-called 
Fort Ancient area of Ohio. A number of minor studies, based 
upon collections received during 1909, was issued under the 
editorship of Assistant Curator Lowie, among which may 
be mentioned descriptive notes on the Winnebago and 
Cherokee (Skinner) and some new points on the Central 
Eskimo (Waterman). Dr. Ales Hrdlicka of the National 
Museum made a detailed study of skulls and other parts of 
skeletons from the Central Eskimo, pointing out some new 
and significant relationships. 

For future publication the Curator completed a manuscript 
treating of investigations into the social organization of the 
Blackfoot Indians. Assistant Skinner has ready for publication 
an ethnological study of the Eastern Cree. Associate Curator 
Goddard is now engaged on the ethnology of the Apache tribes 
and Assistant Curator Lowie on the Crow and Village Indians. 

Report of the President 5 1 

Ralph W. Tower, Curator 

Department of Physiology. — Much of the time of the 
preparator, Mr. Elvvyn, has been occupied in completing work 
which has been requisitioned by other departments. Some 
time, however, has been devoted to perfecting the device 
designed to illustrate the mechanism of respiration. The 
apparatus is composed of an artificial thorax, constructed from 
glass, and supplied with a rubber diaphragm. Within this 
thoracic cavity is suspended a lung, so prepared that it has 
retained its elasticity. P>y a mechanical device the diaphragm 
is made to expand and contract, and thus cause the alternate 
expansion and contraction of the lung as in normal breathing. 
Another apparatus illustrating the passage of a nerve impulse 
over a sensory fiber to the brain and return over a motor fiber 
has been designed; the same device will also show the phe- 
nomenon of reflex action. 

The preparation of one hundred and thirty-six skeletons 
and eight hundred and forty-three skulls, large and small, has 
been completed during the year. Particular attention has been 
given to the osteological preparation of fishes, amphibians and 
saurians intended for exhibition by the Department of Ichthyol- 
ogy and Herpetology; in this work the digestion method has 
proved unusually effective. 

The equipment in the preparation room at the present time 
is quite inadequate, and it is hoped that some change may 
soon be made to improve these unfavorable conditions. 

The department has received in the flesh one hundred and 
eleven specimens from the Central Park Menagerie, fifty-six 
from the Zoological Society, and nineteen from other sources, 
making a total of one hundred and eighty-six animals. 


Charles-Edward Amory Winslow, Curator 

Department of Public Health. — The widespread interest 
in the Tuberculosis Exhibit, which was held at the Museum in 
1908-1909 with an attendance of more than a million, demon- 

5 2 Report of the President 

strated the practicability of having a department in the Museum 
which should have for its function the presentation of matters 
pertaining to public health. Primarily, it was the popularity 
of the Tuberculosis Exhibit, combined with the increased 
public attention which is being given to sanitation, water 
supply and other municipal problems of this nature, which 
induced the Trustees to establish a Department of Public 
Health in the Museum. 

The work of this department began the first of September, 
1910. A bacteriological laboratory has been equipped with 
facilities for keeping under cultivation- living bacterial species 
in what might be termed a "museum collection." This is the 
first attempt in this country to standardize these forms of life 
through museum methods. Arrangements have been made 
with the leading laboratories in New York, Chicago, Baltimore, 
Washington and Boston for obtaining specimens of the 
organisms in their possession. The department will act as a 
central bureau for the preservation of cultures of pathogenic 
and non-pathogenic bacteria (particularly of types of new 
forms and varieties), and for their distribution to correspond- 
ing laboratories and schools and other institutions which may 
desire them. 

The principal work of the department since its institution 
has been devoted to the preparation of an exhibit of sewage 
disposal models, to illustrate present conditions in regard to 
the pollution of the harbor waters of New York and the 
methods available for the safe and inoffensive disposal of city 
waste. This subject was selected because the Metropolitan 
Sewerage Commission of New York was to make an exhibit at 
the Museum this winter, and it was felt that the department 
could do a useful work in supplementing the charts of the 
Commission with graphic models. The fourteen models which 
have been prepared form a fairly complete presentation of the 
most important aspects of the subject, and constitute a suit- 
able nucleus for a permanent Museum exhibit on the subject 
of sewage disposal. A Guide Leaflet has been prepared in 
connection with this exhibit, which it is hoped may be of 
service in elucidating the principles underlying the task of the 
protection of river and harbor waters. 

Double Contact Beds for the Purification of Sewage 
Model in The American Museum of Natural History 

Picking up Polluted Driftwood on the Steps at Battery Park 
Model in The American Museum of Natural History 

Report of the President 53 

To cooperate with the Curator, President Osborn has invited 
the following well-known scientific men to serve as an 
Appointive Committee for 191 1 : 

Dr. Simon Flexner, Director of the Rockefeller 
Institute of Medical Research. 

Mr. John M. Glenn, Director of the Sage Founda- 

Mr. J. Waldo Smith, Chief Engineer of the Board of 
Water Supply. 

Mary C. Dickerson, In Charge 

Work has progressed in the arrangement of the trees 
of the Jesup Collection in natural groups or families with 
the specimens of market value made prominent in these groups, 
also on the work on wax models of leaves, flowers and fruits, 
and on comprehensive descriptive labels. The department 
has extended its services to many commercial and private 
interests in and about New York City for identification of 
woods, and to high schools in the formation of outlines for 
study of the trees in the Jesup Collection. 

Through the courtesy of the United States Forest Service, 
Doubleday, Page & Company, and the J. Horace McFarland 
Company, collections of valuable tree and forest photographs 
have been obtained to be used in the Forestry Hall for sepia 
enlargements and colored transparencies. Plans are in hand 
for increasing the usefulness of the hall at this time when 
forestry is to all people a question of national importance, by 
adding correlated exhibits in the alcoves between the cases of 
the Jesup Collection. These will illustrate forest conservation 
with effects on soil erosion and soil fertility, practical work in 
growing trees, as well as the value of trees for public health — 
thus embodying the original interests of Mr. Jesup. 

The department has in press a Guide Leaflet, Trees and 
Forestry, to accompany the Jesup Collection. It presents the 
status of the forest conservation question in 1910, gives 
elementary facts concerning the life and structure of a tree, 

54 Report of the President 

the structure of wood and the growth of trees, everywhere 
putting emphasis on the market woods. It has also a chapter 
on the identification of trees in winter. 

In addition to regular departmental work, the associate 
editorship of the American Museum Journal and Guide 
Leaflets was carried until June, when the editorship was 


Ralph W. Tower, Curator 

Department of Books and Publications. — To establish 
a library of natural history was one of the chief concerns of the 
founders of this Museum and accordingly provision therefor 
was included in the contract of 1877 with the City. During 
the first thirty years the library did not grow apace with 
other departments of the institution. It is true that during 
this period many and valuable private collections were 
presented to it, but apparently no sustained effort was made 
to combine them into a practical unit either by revision or 
accession. During the last decade enthusiasm has increased, 
several scientific societies have deposited their books in our 
custody, and altogether a serious attempt has been made to 
make this library one of the most comprehensive and com- 
plete of its kind in the country. 

The present library represents the collections of the New 
York Academy of Sciences, The New York Microscopical 
Society, The Linnaean Society of New York, The American 
Ethnological Society and The American Museum of Natural 
History, which total in scientific works some 40,000 volumes 
and 20,000 pamphlets. It is important to note here that each 
pamphlet is bound, indexed and takes its place on the shelf 
together with the other volumes, thus becoming an accessible 
and efficient work of reference. 

The assembling under one roof of the libraries of these 
scientific institutions has secured a very important and valu- 
able series of the publications of the learned societies of the 
world, a collection which is rapidly gaining a leading position 
in America. This section of the library is maintained prima- 
rily by exchange and much has been accomplished during the 

Report of the President 55 

last five years in perfecting the incomplete files; this success 
is due in equal measure to the diligence of the Assistant 
Librarian and to the favor with which most of the foreign 
institutions receive our requests. The needs in this branch of 
the library are confined in the most part to the volumes of 
the early years, dating in many instances to the eighteenth 
century, which can be obtained only by purchase. 

The most pressing need undoubtedly is the addition of 
numerous standard works in natural history, which are impor- 
tant to both the student and the general reader. There is no 
department in the Museum that is not handicapped by the 
lack of these works, most of which are out of print and can 
be purchased only as they happen to appear in the foreign 
markets. The appropriation of special funds for the purchase 
of these classics is urgently requested, since each year makes 
them more scarce with the consequent rise in value; for this 
reason such accessions must be considered one of the very 
best assets of the Museum. 

The shelf-room of the library has been overcrowded for 
many months, and it is a delight to report that more space, 
continuous with the present stack-room, has been planned for 
immediate use. Another welcome addition is the proposed 
Faculty Room, where all the new natural history literature can 
be placed for the use of the various Curators. To equip a 
reading room with all the popular and non-technical books 
relating to natural history, open at all times to the visitor, is 
a project which the Curator has contemplated for several 
years. The expense of such an undertaking would not be 
burdensome, but the equipment should be placed on one of 
the exhibition floors where it would be readily accessible. It 
is believed that such a room would be much used and of im- 
portant educational value. 

During the year important gifts have been made to the 
library, the most noteworthy of which were contributed by 
Professor J. J. Stevenson, Professor Henry Fairfield Osborn, 
Mr. William G. DeWitt, Mrs. C. L. Weeks, and particularly 
Mr. Cleveland H. Dodge, who has supplied all of the publica- 
tions of the Carnegie Institution pertinent to our subject. For 
these and all other gifts the library is greatly indebted. 

56 Report of the President 


J. A. Allen, Editor 

The current publications of The American Museum of 
Natural History consist of the Annual Report, the Bulletin, 
the Memoirs, the Anthropological Papers and the American 
Museum Journal. 

The Bulletin is a strictly scientific publication in which 
are published the shorter articles embodying the results of 
the research work of the various departments of the Museum. 
The papers composing it are less voluminous and of more 
general interest than those which appear in the Memoirs. 
The Bulletin was founded in 1881, and twenty-eight volumes 
have been issued. 

The Memoirs, like the Bulletin, are strictly scientific, but 
are devoted to special articles requiring more exhaustive 
treatment. They have been published at irregular intervals 
since 1893. Ten complete volumes and parts of four others 
have been issued. 

The Anthropological Papers are similar in character to the 
Bulletin, but are devoted exclusively to the results of field 
work and other research conducted by the anthropological 
staff of the Museum. The publication of these papers was 
commenced in 1907, six volumes having been issued up to the 
present time. 

The American Museum Journal is a popular record of the 
progress of the Museum, and was first published in 1900. It 
is now in its eleventh volume. 

Complete sets of the Bulletin and of the Memoirs, bound 
or unbound, may be procured by addressing the Librarian. 
A standard cloth binding has been adopted for those desiring 
the publications in this form. No complete set of the Journals 
can be furnished. 

The publications of the present year include Volumes 
XXVII and XXVIII of the Bulletin, Volumes IV, V and VI of 
the Anthropological Papers, Volume X of the Journal, and 
Part 1 of Volume XII and Part 1 of Volume XIII of the 

Report of the President 5 7 

Memoirs. The total amount expended on publications for 
the year was $13,769.06. 

The publications by departments are as follows: 


James A. G. Rehn. "On some Orthoptera from Porto Rico, Culebra and 

Vieques Islands." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 73-77, 1 text fig. 
Charles T. Brues. " Some Parasitic Hymenoptera from Vera Cruz, Mexico," 

Bull. XXVIII, pp. 79-85, 1 text fig. 
William Beutenmuller, " The North American Species of Neuroterits and 

their Galls." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 117-136, pis. viii-xiii. 
William Beutenmuller. "The North American Species of Aylex and their 

Galls." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 137-144, pi. xiv. 

William Beutenmuller. "The North American Species of Aulacidea and 
their Galls." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 253-258, pis. xxiv-xxvi. 

William Morton Wheeler. "Three new Genera of Myrmicine Ants from 
Tropical America." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 259-265, 3 text figs. 

T. D. A. Cockerell. "Fossil Insects and a Crustacean from Florissant, 
Colorado." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 275-288, 4 text figs. 


J. A. Allen. " The Black Bear of Labrador." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 1-6. 

J. A. Allen. "Mammals from the Athabaska-Mackenzie Region of Canada." 

Bull. XXVIII, pp.7-11. 

J. A. Allen. " Mammals from Palawan Island, Philippine Islands." Bull. 
XXVIII, pp. 13-17. 

J. A. Allen. "Additional Mammals from Nicaragua." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 

J. A. Allen. " Mammals from the Caura District of Venezuela, with Descrip- 
tion of a new Species of Chrolopterus." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 145-149. 

J. A. Allen. "Collation of Brisson's Genera of Birds with those of Linnaeus." 
Bull. XXVIII, pp. 317-335. 

D. G. Elliot. "On the Genus Presbytis, and ' Le Tarsier' Buffon, with 
Descriptions of two new species of Tarsius." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 


William K. Gregory. "The Orders of Mammals." Bull. XXVII, pp. 1-525, 

32 text figs. 
Frederick W. True. " Description of a Skull and some Vertebrae of the Fossil 

Cetacean Diochotichus vanbenedeni from Santa Cruz, Patagonia." Bull. 

XXVIII, pp. 19-32, pis. i-v. 

58 Report of the President 

W. D. Matthew. "On a Skull of Apternodus and the Skeleton of a new 

Artiodactyl." Bull. XXVIII, pp, 33-42, pi. vi, 5 text figs. 
W. D. Matthew. "On the Osteology and Relationships of Paramys, and the 

Affinities of the Ischyromyida?." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 43-72, 19 text figs. 
W. D. Matthew. "The Phylogeny of the Felidae." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 289- 

316, 15 text figs. 
John Treadwell Nichols. "A Note on Siphostoma pelagicum (Osbeck)." Bull. 

XXVIII, pp. 155-157, 1 text fig. 
John Treadwell Nichols. "A Note on the Identity of Caranx forsteri Cuvier 

and Valenciennes." Bull. XXVIII, p. 159. 
John Treadwell Nichols. "On two new Blennys from Florida." Bull. 

XXVIII, p. 161. 
E. C. Case. "New or little known Reptiles and Amphibians from the 

Permian(?) of Texas." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 163-181, 10 text figs. 
E. C. Case. "The Skeleton of Pacilospondylus francisi, a new Genus and 

Species of Pelycosauria." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 183-188, 3 text figs. 
E. C. Case. "Description of a Skeleton of Dimetrodon incisivus Cope." 

Bull. XXVIII, 189-196, pis. xv-xix, 5 text figs. 
R. Broom. "A Comparison of the Permian Reptiles of North America with 

those of South Africa." Bull. XXVIII, pp. 197-234, 20 text figs. 
Walter Granger. "Tertiary Faunal Horizons in the Wind River Basin, 

Wyoming, with Descriptions of new Eocene Mammals." Bull. XXVIII, 

pp. 235-254, pis. xx-xxiii, 6 text figs. 
Barnum Brown. "The Cretaceous Ojo Alamo Beds of New Mexico, with 

Description of the new Dinosaur Genus Kritosaurus." Bull. XXVIII, 

pp. 267-274, pis. xxvii-xxix, 7 text figs. 
Russell J. Coles. " Observations on the Habits and Distribution of certain 

Fishes taken on the Coast of South Carolina." Bull. XXVIII, pp, 337- 



Robert H. Lowie. " The Assiniboine." Anthrop. Papers, IV, pp. 1-270, 
pis. i-iii, 17 text figs. 

Robert H. Lowie (editor). " Notes concerning new Collections." Anthrop. 
Papers, IV, pp. 271-337, pis. iv-viii, 42 text figs. Contributors: Robert 
H. Lowie, Alanson Skinner, C. W. Mead, Harlan I. Smith, T. T. Water- 
man, William C. Orchard. 

Clark Wissler. " Material Culture of the Blackfoot Indians." Anthrop. 
Papers, V, pp. 1— 175, pis. i-viii, 103 text figs. 

Ales Hrdlicka. " Contributions to the Anthropology of Central and Smith 
Sound Eskimo." Anthrop. Papers, V, pp. 177-242, pis. ix-xxii, 2 text figs. 

Harlan I. Smith. " Archaeology of the Yakima Valley." Anthrop. Papers, 
VI, pp. 1-171, pis. i-xvi, 129 text figs. 

'The Anthropological Papers are edited by the Curator of the Department of 
Anthropology, Dr. Clark Wissler. 

Report of the President 59 

Harlan I. Smith. "The Prehistoric Ethnology of a Kentucky Site." 
Anthrop. Papers, VI, pp. 173-235, pis. xvii-lxiv, 1 text fig. 

Waldemar Bogoras. " Chukchee Mythology." Mem. XII, pp. 1-197. 

Waldemar Jochelson. " The Yukaghir and the Yukaghirized Tungus." 
Mem. XIII, pp. 1-133, pis. i-vii, 1 map. 


George H. Sherwood, Assistant Secretary 

The steadily increasing number of Members of the Museum 
is an index of the spreading interest in the development of the 
institution, and the contribution of Members is an important 
item of income. 

Members enjoy many privileges which cannot be readily 
granted to non-subscribers. Among these are the series of 
special lectures, admission to the laboratories and work-rooms, 
where may be seen the methods used in mounting material for 
exhibition, and the service of an instructor when Members and 
their friends visit the Museum. Recently a room for the use 
and comfort of Members has been set aside and will be 
equipped and furnished during the coming year. 

We believe, however, that those who, as Members, 
subscribe to the Museum are actuated not by the returns 
which they receive from their subscription, but by their 
civic pride in an institution which they consider is doing an 
important educational work and is worthy of support. 

Continuous efforts are being made to increase the member- 
ship and any assistance from Members by the nomination of 
their friends will be greatly appreciated. 

Full information regarding membership will be furnished by 
the Secretary, on request. 

The new Members number 235, and as the loss through 
death and resignation is 142, the net gain is 93. 

On December 31, 1910, the total membership was 2,456, 
divided into classes as follows: Patrons, 108; Fellows, 40; 
Honorary Fellows, 2; Life Members, 469; Sustaining Mem- 
bers, 29; Annual Members, 1,808. 


Report of the President 

New Members 
The following persons were elected Patrons: 
Henry C. Frick Mrs. Russell Sage 

Princess Vilma Lwoff-Parlaghy Mrs. John B. Trevor 
Ogden Mills Felix M. Warburg 

George W. Wickersham 

The following persons were elected Life Members: 

F. Lothrop Ames 

Larz Anderson 

Allison V. Armour 

Benjamin Walworth Arnold 

Geo. F. Baker, Jr. 

Lynford Biddle 

W. Lyman Biddle 

Miss Elizabeth Billings 

J. Insley Blair 

Dickson Q. Brown 

Richard M. Colgate 

C. Forster Cooper 
Marcellus Hartley Dodge 
A. Radclyffe Dugmore 
Arthur D. Gabay 

Chas. W. Harkness 
George T. Howland, M.D. 
John Sherman Hoyt 
Theodore R. Hoyt 
Gen. Thomas H. Hubbard 
Richard S. Hungerford 
Frederic H. Kennard 

D. P. Kingsley 
Stanton D. Kirkham 

William Adams Kissam 

Edward de P. Livingston 

Frederic A. Lucas 

George Grant Mason 

John G. McCullough 

Moses Charles Migel 

Alfred H. Mulliken 

Nathaniel Cushing Nash 

De Lancey Nicoll 

T. B. Parker 

Mrs. Anne W. Penfield 

Capt. John J. Phelps 

George B. Post, Jr. 

Henry H. Rogers 

Schuyler Schieffelin 

R. A. C. Smith 

Col. Robert M. Thompson 

H. M. Tilford 

William Perkins Wadsworth 

Henry Walters 

Mrs. Felix M. Warburg 

Paul M. Warburg 

Mrs. Paul M. Warburg 

Mrs. William Seward Webb 

Alfred Rutgers Whitney, Jr. 
The following persons have become Sustaining Members: 

Fritz Achelis 

Mrs. Benjamin Brewster 

R. R. Colgate 

Charles de Rham 

J. B. Greenhut 

Alfred E. Marling 

James Marwick 
John G. Milburn 
Mrs. C. M. Pratt 


Frederic S. Wells 
Ralph Wurts-Dundas 

Report of the President 6 1 


It is with a profound sense of our loss that we announce 

the death of the following Members and 

Curators during the year 1910: 


Richard T. Wilson 


H. McK. Twombly 

Life Members 

John E. Alexandre Seth Barton French 


Robert Parr Whitfield 

The following is the Minute which was adopted at the 

meeting of the Executive Committee of the Board of Trustees 

on April 27, 1910: 

Resolved, That the Trustees record with deep sorrow the 
death of 

Robert Parr Whitfield, 
Curator Emeritus of the Department of Geology and Inverte- 
brate Palaeontology, who died on April 6, 19 10. Professor 
Whitfield was appointed Curator of Geology in 1877 and for 
more than thirty-two years rendered to the Museum faithful 
and efficient service. He was a recognized authority in his 
chosen field of science, and for nearly half a century had no 
superior in this country in the identification of fragmentary 
invertebrate fossils. 

He was singularly devoted to the interests of the Museum 
and with untiring energy labored to build up the collections 
under his care. He was a strong advocate of a medium of 
publication and it was largely through his influence that Presi- 
dent Jesup established the Museum Bulletin in 1881, to which 
Professor Whitfield was a frequent contributor. 

The Trustees extend to Professor Whitfield's family their 
deepest sympathy and desire to record their esteem for one 
who has been so intimately associated with the development of 
this institution. 

62 Report of the President 


As has been the custom for several years, the financial 
transactions of the Museum have been carried in three separate 
accounts, namely, the City Maintenance Account, the General 
Account and the Special Funds Account. The details of the 
receipts and disbursements thus classified will be found in the 
Treasurer's Report, pages 65 to 75, inclusive. All books and 
vouchers of these accounts have been duly examined and 
certified by the Audit Company of New York. 

The Treasurer's report is different in form from previous 
reports in that the net expenditures for the several depart- 
ments are shown in each account. Formerly the gross 
expenditures only were given. Under the heading "reimburse- 
ments," on the disbursement side of the accounts, will be found 
the amounts which must be added to the net expenditures of 
any department to make the gross expenditures of that 

The following summary will show the general receipts and 
disbursements for the past ten years: 

Summary of Annual Expenditures Summary of Total Expenditures 

For All Purposes, Exclusive in Ten Years, 1901-1910 

of Special Funds, 1901-1910 Tota] appropriation 

1901 $203,811.27 by city for Main- 

1902 219,787.14 tenance (10 years) $1,625,687.62 

I903 228,508.78 Total appropriation 

*904 235,041.33 by Trustees for 

!905 233.bb5.23 Maintenance, Col- 

1906 239,597-39 lections, etc. (10 

I907 250,779-96 s) 1,300,813.05 

1908 275,419-07 

1909 323.369- 8 9 

1910 314,879.69 

Estimated value of 
Collections dona- 
ted during past 10 

$2,525,079.75 years 2,000,000.00 

City Maintenance Account. — The appropriation by the 
City in 1910 for this purpose was $185,757. This sum, how- 
ever, as in previous years, has been quite inadequate to meet 
the cost of maintaining the Museum, and the Trustees have 
drawn on their other funds to the extent of $43,502.38 to meet 
expenses which are properly chargeable to the City funds. Such 
disbursements, however, have been made directly from the 

Report of the President 63 

General Account. The City Maintenance Account, therefore, 
while it shows all of the moneys received from the City, does 
not show the entire cost of maintenance. 

N The moneys appropriated by the City for maintenance of the 
Museum are received and disbursed independently of all other 
income. Thus the Trustees are in a position to give a strict 
account of the funds received from the City at any time that it 
may be desired, and an examination of this account by the City 
officials is always welcomed. It is obvious that as the succes- 
sive additions are made to the building and as the older 
portions of the building deteriorate, larger sums will be required 
for maintenance. 

Trustees General Account. — The growth of the Museum 
is dependent on the receipts in the General and Special Funds 
Accounts. The net receipts in the General Account for the 
year have been $157,547.78, a sum $3,529.27 larger than last 
year's receipts. The principal items of income have been as 

Interest on General Endowment Fund $57, 192. 50 

Interest on Morris K. Jesup Fund 52,072.11 

Life Members 4,700.00 

Annual and Sustaining Members 18,515.00 

Special Contributions of Trustees and others 4,100.00 

Supplementary income from Special Funds 9,000.00 

Refund in settlement of gas bills 1,269.95 

In 1909 the Consolidated Gas Company agreed to accept pay- 
ment on Museum bills at 75 cents per 1,000 rate, and accord- 
ingly a check for $1,269.95 was drawn and delivered to the Gas 
Company. The City finally issued special revenue bonds and 
settled all gas bills, including those of the Museum. The 
Gas Company thereupon returned the Museum's check for 
$1,269.95, which was deposited to the credit of the General 

Morris K. Jesup Fund 

The expenditures of the income from the Morris K. Jesup 
Fund have been made with due regard to Mr. Jesup's wishes, 
as given in the terms of his bequest. This money has been 
specifically applied as follows: 

64 Report of the President 

To the purchase of specimens and collections for practically all 

the departments of the Museum 
To the support of field parties : 
To Japan for whales 

To South America for mammals and birds 
To Montana, Wyoming and South Africa for fossils 
To Wisconsin, Montana, Florida and the Arctic for work 
among the Menomini, Crow, Blackfoot, Seminole, 
Hidatsa and Eskimo 
To Woods Hole, Mass., for marine habitat groups, and 
the vicinity of New York for local insect collections 
To mural paintings for the Northwest Coast Hall 
To books for the library 
To scientific publications of the Museum 

Trustees Special Funds Account. — The total net con- 
tributions to this account during the year have been $71,407.32, 
the largest sum in recent years. It frequently occurs that 
valuable collections, which it is very desirable that the 
Museum should acquire, are offered for sale when it is impos- 
sible to purchase them from the regular income; or, there may 
be some special exploration which should be undertaken 
immediately. It is then that some patron or group of patrons 
is sought who will contribute funds for this special purpose 
and the responses have been most generous. Very important 
is the part that this supplementary income has played in the 
development of the Museum. Without such support the 
Habitat Bird Groups would not have been possible, the Congo 
Expedition would have been postponed indefinitely, and 
numerous invaluable collections would have been lost to the 

Trustees Permanent Endowment Account. — The total 
endowment at the close of 19 10 was $2,340,365.49. The Per- 
manent Endowment has been increased by three substantial 
contributions. Mrs John B. Trevor has contributed $5,000. 
From the estate of Darius Ogden Mills $100,000 has been 
received. From the estate of Phebe Anna Thorne the Museum 
has received $25,000, to be known as the Jonathan Thorne 
Memorial Fund, the income from which is to be applied to 
the development of a Room for the Blind. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Henry Fairfield Osborn 
February 13, 191 1 President 

Financial Statement 


Morris K. Jesup Fund ... $1,146,600 00 

General Endowment Fund 1,114,750 00 

John B. Trevor Fund 25,000 00 

Josiah M. Fiske Fund 10,000 00 

Matilda W. Bruce Fund 11,000 00 

Solomon Loeb Fund 5, 000 00 

Jonathan Thorne Memorial Fund 26,000 00 


Uninvested Cash : 

Morris K. Jesup Fund 

General Endowment Fund 

Jonathan Thorne Memorial Fund 






954 30 



2.340,365 49 

* The income of the Permanent Endowment is the chief source of income of the 
General Account. 


The American Museum of Natural History 




Capital Fund, cash on hand January i, 1910 $12,950 88 

Department of Parks : 
Account of 1909 : 

Telephone, Rental of $247 31 

General Supplies 923 26 

Fuel 847 97 

Contingencies 3° 58 

2,049 I2 

515,000 00 

Department of Parks : 

Appropriation for 1910 : 

Salaries and Wages 156,500 00 

Telephone, Rental of 4 80 4§ 

Bills awaiting reimbursement 93 52 

580 00 

General Supplies 9.931 85 

Bills awaiting reimbursement 237 15 

10,169 °° 

Materials for Repairs and Re- 
placements by Departmental 

Labor 6,058 17 

Bills awaiting reimbursement 441 83 

6,500 00 

Repairs and Replacements by 

Contract or Open Order 534 00 

Bills awaiting reimbursement 21600 

75o 00 

Maintenance of Automobile, in- 
cluding equipment, care and 

storage of same 446 95 

Bills awaiting reimbursement 3 05 

450 00 

Purchase of Furniture and 

Fittings 621 97 

Bills awaiting reimbursement 228 03 

850 00 

Fuel 5.907 22 

Bills awaiting reimbursement 2,592 78 

8,500 00 

Contingencies i,45 8 00 

Total net receipts for the main- 
tenance of all departments l8 5>757 00 

Interest on Credit Balances 109 00 

Loans 4.5QQ 00 

$205,366 00 

( ANSON W. HARD ) 4uiiit : nsr 
Examined ) GUS TAV E. KISSEL \cZ,nit 

and Approved | gETH LQW } Commit 


in account with CHARLES LANIER, Treasurer 




Geology and Invertebrate Palaeontology $3,844 58 

Mineralogy 2, 847 80 

Mammalogy and Ornithology 4, 701 05 

Vertebrate Palaeontology 10, on 06 

Anthropology 9,352 89 

Invertebrate Zoology 8,8^3 69 

Ichthyology and Herpetology 3,946 75 

Physiology 1,236 55 

Public Health 738 44 

Woods and Forestry 573 64 

Library 9, 634 89 

Public Education 4,345 52 

Preparation and Exhibition 6,837 41 

Heating and Lighting 22,899 23 

Repairs and Installation 18,688 81 

General Supplies and Expenses 9,182 09 

Administration 68,062 60 

Total net disbursements for the maintenance 

of all departments $185,757 00 

Interest on Credit Balances transferred to General 

Account 109 00 

Loans 4, 500 00 

Capital Fund : 

Cash on hand December 31, 1910 11,187 37 

Bills awaiting reimbursement from Department 

of Parks, December 31, 1910 3, 812 63 

15,000 00 

$205,366 00 

[E. & O. E.] 

New York, December j/, igio 

* The annual appropriation of the City can be used only for the maintenance of the 
Museum and is inadequate for this purpose. It cannot be used for the purchase of speci- 
mens or for the expenses of exploring and collecting expeditions. 

67 . 

The American Museum of Natural History 



Temporary Working Fund Capital 

Cash on hand January 1, 1910 $5,648 62 

Interest on General Endowment Fund 57, 192 50 

Interest on Morris K. Jesup Fund 50,711 00 

Interest on Morris K. Jesup Fund : 

Accrued Interest on Bonds at time of sale trans- 
ferred from Investment Fund of Special 

Funds Account 1,361 II 

Interest on Credit Balances 1, 1 62 35 

Life Members 4.700 00 

Annual Members 17,840 00 

Sustaining Members 675 00 

Sale of Publications 542 30 

Sales and Exchanges 3.344 95 

Special Contributions : 

Percy R. Pyne 2,000 00 

Ogden Mills 2,000 00 

Jacob Langeloth 100 00 

Special Funds for General Receipts : 

Vertebrate Palaeontology Field Funds. 2,000 00 

Antarctic Exploration Fund 5.000 00 

Reserve Fund 2,000 00 

Refund to General Receipts, Adjustment of Gas Bills. 1,269 95 
Total net receipts for the development of all 


Reimbursements : 

Special Funds Transfers : 

Charles E. Slocum Fund 100 00 

Horse Exploration Fund 200 00 

Primitive Peoples of Southwest Fund 2,000 00 

Lenders Collection Costumes Plains 

Indians 1 5.000 00 

Indian Blanket Fund 576 44 

Jonathan Thorne Memorial Fund 456 44 

Antarctic Exploration Fund 500 00 

General Account : 

Unexpended Field Balances, General Items. 2,028 39 
City Maintenance Account : 

For payment of bills temporarily charged 

to General Account pending transfers. 2,061 76 

157,547 78 

Patrons : 

George W. Wickersham 1,000 00 

Henry C. Frick 1,000 00 


22,923 03 

2,000 00 
8,500 00 

$191,870 81 

„ , ( ANSON W. HARD 

Examined j GUSTAV E. KISSEL 

and Approved gETH LQW 

A uditing 



in account with CHARLES LANIER, Treasurer 



Geology and Invertebrate Palaeontology $4,440 50 

Mineralogy 398 12 

Mammalogy and Ornithology 11,528 04 

Vertebrate Palaeontology 13-497 34 

Professor Osborn's Research and Publication Fund. 4,774 09 

Anthropology 23,322 19 

Invertebrate Zoology 7,218 37 

Ichthyology and Herpetology 1,819 69 

Physiology 1,263 9 2 

Public Health 665 12 

Woods and Forestry 717 14 

Library 6, 527 89 

Publications 12,460 51 

Public Education 5,822 22 

Preparation and Exhibition n,432 20 

Heating and Lighting 668 12 

Repairs and Installation 3,368 66 

General Supplies io.Soi 76 

Administration 7.73 1 58 

Sales and Exchanges 88 00 

Interest on Overdrafts 577 23 

Total net disbursements for the development 

of all departments $129,122 69 

Reimbursements which have been deducted from gross 
expenditures of the following departments : 

Geology $451 41 

Mammalogy 218 46 

Vertebrate Palaeontology 216 So 

Anthropology 17,843 70 

Invertebrate Zoology 31 86 

Ichthyology and Herpetology 4 4° 

Physiology- 1 90 

Library 22 50 

Public Education 456 44 

Preparation and Exhibition 509 49 

Repairs and Installation 1,71 5 42 

General Supplies and Expenses 1.450 65 22,923 03 

Patrons : 

Transferred to Investment Fund, Special Funds 

Account 2,000 00 

Interest on General Endowment Fund : 

Accrued interest on Bonds at time of purchase 
transferred to Investment Fund of Special 

Funds Account 2,623 61 

Interest on Morris K. Jesup Fund : 

Accrued interest on Bonds at time of purchase 
transferred to Investment Fund of Special 

Funds Account 12,447 37 

Loans 8, 500 00 

Cash on hand December 31, 1910 13-354 II 

Temporary Working Fund Capital 9°° °° 

$191,870 81 

[E. & O. E.] CHARLES LANIER, Treasurer 

New York, December 31, igio 

* Disbursements of this account are made, as the Board of Trustees may direct, for the 
purchase of specimens, for the expenses of field parties and for the support of scientific work. 


The American Museum of Natural History 



Peary Meteorites : 

Mrs. Morris K. Jesup §10,958 33 

Charles E. Slocum Fund IO ° °° » 

$11,058 33 

Mineralogy: • 

Matilda W. Bruce Fund: 

Interest 605 00 

Mammalogy and Ornithology: 

North American Ornithology Fund, Series i: 

Balance 58 7° 

North American Ornithology Fund, .Series 2 : 

Balance $1,828 94 

John L. Cadwalader 250 00 

Mrs. Morris K. Jesup 250 00 

Miss Caroline Morgan 250 00 

Henry Clay Pierce 500 00 

F. Aug. Schermerhorn 500 00 

Mrs. Harriet L. Schuyler 250 00 

Mrs. John B. Trevor 250 00 

Mrs. Robert L. Winthrop 250 00 

Reserve Fund: 

Transfer subscription of Mrs. Louisine W. 

Havemeyer 250 00 

4,578 Q4 

Mrs. Frank K. Sturgis Fund : 

Balance 63 78 

Congo Expedition Fund : 

Balance 699 52 

A. D. Juilliard 1,000 00 

Charles Lanier 1,000 00 

J. Pierpont Morgan, Jr 1,000 00 

William Rockefeller 2,000 00 

John B. Trevor 2,5°° °° 

W. K. Vanderbilt 1,000 00 

Reserve Fund : 

Transfer subscription of Cleveland H. Dodge 1,000 00 

10,199 52 

Crandall Oological Fund : 

Balance 885 00 

Alfred N. Beadleston 25 00 

George J. Gould 50 00 

John S. Huyler 25 00 

William Church Osborn 50 00 

W. H. Wolverton 25 00 

Mrs. Anna Woerishoffer 100 00 

1,160 00 

16,060 94 

Carried forward $27,724 27 


in account with CHARLES LANIER, Treasurer 



Peary Meteorites : 

Purchase of Peary Meteorites, 2d payment. . $10,583 33 

Charles E. Slocum Fund : 

Transferred to Geology, General Account, 

for expenses of Glacial Grooves Exhibit. 100 00 $10,683 33 


Matilda W. Bruce Fund : 

Purchase of Mineral Specimens 605 00 

Mammalogy and Ornithology: 

North American Ornithology Fund, 

Series 2 : 

For expenses of field work and for prepara- 
tion of groups 1)726 58 

Mrs. Frank K Sturgis Fund : 

Purchase and mounting of Birds of Paradise. 60 52 

Congo Expedition Fund : 

For expenses of field work, Africa, salaries 
of Messrs. Lang and Chapin, and 
equipment of expedition 8,827 27 

10,614 37 

Carried forward $21,902-70 

*In this account are carried all moneys given to the Museum for specific purposes and not 
intended for the endowment. 


The American Museum of Natural History 

Brought forward $27,724 27 

Vertebrate Palaeontology : 
Horse Exploration Fund : 

Frank K. Sturgis $200 00 

Tertiary Faunal Life Scenes Fund : 

Balance 600 00 

800 00 

Anthropology : 

East Asiatic Fund : 

Balance 3*141 75 

Berlin North American Fund : 

Balance .... 78 50 

Board of Missions Fund : 

Balance 830 00 

Primitive Peoples of Southwest Fund : 

Archer M. Huntington $5,000 00 

Antarctic Exploration Fund, 

Transfer from above Fund 4,500 00 

9i5°° °° 

Indian Blanket Fund : 

Anson W. Hard 2,000 00 

Tefft Collection Fund : 

James Douglas 500 00 

Felix M. Warburg 2,500 00 

3,000 00 

Lenders Collection Costumes Plains 
Indians : 

J. Pierpont Morgan 15,000 00 

33.550 25 

Invertebrate Zoology : 

Ashokan Watershed Biological Survey 
Fund : 

Balance 136 50 

Ichthyology and Herpetology: 
Fossil Fish Exploration Fund : 

Balance 2,168 2; 

Cleveland H. Dodge 1,000 00 

Reserve Fund : 

Transfer subscription of Cleveland H. Dodge. . . . 1,000 00 

4,168 25 

Public Education: 

Children's Room Fund : 

Balance 172 97 

A Friend 6 00 

178 97 

Teachers' Day Fund : 

Cleveland H. Dodge 100 00 

Adrian Iselin, Jr 200 00 

Seth Low 50 00 

J. P. Morgan 250 00 

H enry F. Osborn 100 00 

J . Hampden Robb 25 00 

725 00 

Carried forward $66,379 27 


in account with CHARLES LANIER, Treasurer 

Brought forward $21,902 70 

Vertebrate Paleontology: 

Transferred to Vertebrate Palaeontology General 

Account for general work of Department $200 00 

Tertiary Faunal Life Scenes Fund : 

Mural Decorations, Department of Vertebrate 

Palaeontology 600 00 

800 00 


East Asiatic Fund : 

Publication Han Pottery Memoir 798 26 

Berlin North American Fund : 

Purchase of specimens 78 50 

Board of Missions Fund : 

Purchase of specimens 375 00 

Primitive Peoples of Southwest Fund: 

For expense of field work $7,055 46 

Transferred to Anthropology General Account for 
purchase of Hopi Collection 2,000 00 

9,055 46 

Indian Blanket Fund : 

Purchase of Blankets 1,423 56 

Transferred to Anthropology General Account for 

purchase of Blankets 576 44 

2,000 00 

Tefft Collection Fund : 

Purchase of Collection, 1st payment 3,000 00 

Lenders Collection Costumes Plains 

Transferred to Anthropology General Account for 

purchase of Collection ■ 15,000 00 

— 30,307 22 

Ichthyology and Herpetology: 
Fossil Fish Exploration Fund : 

For expenses of field work and purchase of 
specimens 2,156 49 

Public Education: 

Children's Room Fund : 

Purchase of supplies 8 66 

Teachers' Day Fund : 

Expenses in connection with Teachers' Day, 

November, 1910 695 00 

Carried forward. $55,166 41 


The American Museum of Natural History 

Brought forward $66,379 27 

Public Education — Continued 

Jonathan Thorne Memorial Fund : 

Interest $520 00 1,423 97 

Publications : 

Jesup North Pacific Expedition 
Publications : 

Balance 604 08 

Mrs. Morris K. Jesup 3,000 00 

3,604 08 

Total net receipts for the development of 

specific departments 71,407 32 

Reserve Fund: 

Balance, subscription of Mrs. Louisine W. 

Havemeyer 250 00 

Cleveland H. Dodge 4,000 00 

4,250 00 

Antarctic Exploration Fund: 

Archer M. Huntington 5,000 00 

Arthur Curtiss James 5,000 00 

— 10,000 00 

Vertebrate Palaeontology Field Funds: 

Henry Fairfield Osborn 2,000 00 

Pension Fund: 

Archer M. Huntington 1,000 00 

Investment Fund: 

Balance 1,295 92 

Mrs. John B. Trevor 5,000 00 

Estate of Darius Ogden Mills 100,000 00 

Estate of Phebe Anna Thorne $10,000 00 

Residuary Estate of Phebe Anna Thorne 15,000 00 

25,000 00 

Sale of Bonds ... 1 1,000 00 

Redemption of Bonds 21,050 00 

Cash on transfer of Bonds 131 31 

General Account: 

Transfers, Patronships 2,000 00 

Reimbursement from interest on General Endow- 
ment Fund of accrued interest on bonds at time 
of purchase 2,623 61 

Reimbursement from interest on Morris K. Jesup 
Fund of accrued interest on bonds at time of 
purchase I2 ,447 37 

Reimbursement from interest on Jonathan Thorne 
Memorial Fund of accrued interest on bonds at 

time of purchase 63 56 

i7ii34 54 180,611 77 

Reimbursements : 

Primitive Peoples of Southwest Fund 35 34 

Fossil Fish Exploration Fund 31 47 

Jonathan Thorne Memorial Fund 456 44 

523 25 

Interest on Credit Balances: 1,05335 

$270,845 69 

~ , ( ANSON W. HARD ) . .... 

Examined \ GTJSTAV E KISSEL \ Audltin S 

and Approved Lp-pu LOW 1 Committee 


in account with CHARLES LANIER, Treasurer 

Brought forward. $55,166 41 

Public Education — Continued 

Jonathan Thorne Memorial Fund : 

Transferred to General Supplies and Expenses amount 

advanced for accrued interest on purchase of bonds $63 56 767 22 


Jesup North Pacific Expedition Publications : 

Publications of Expedition 1,308 55 

Total net disbursements for the development of specific 

departments S7i242 18 

Reserve Fund: 
Transferred to : 

North American Ornithology Fund, Series 2 250 00 

Congo Expedition Fund 1 ,000 00 

Fossil Fish Exploration Fund 1,000 00 

General Receipts, General Account 2,000 00 4,250 00 

Antarctic Exploration Fund: 
Transferred to : 

Primitive Peoples of Southwest Fund 4,500 00 

Preparation and Exhibition, General Account, for prepara- 
tion of polar maps 500 00 

General Receipts, General Account 5,000 00 10,000 00 

Vertebrate Palaeontology Field Funds: 
Transferred to General Receipts, General 

Account 2,000 00 

Investment Fund: 

Purchase of Bonds 177,235 17 

Accrued Interest on Bonds at time of Sale 

Transferred to Interest on Morris K. 

Jesup Fund, General Account 1,361x1 178,59628 

Reimbursements : 

Reimbursements which have been deducted 
from gross expenditures of the follow- 
ing Special Funds : 

Primitive Peoples of Southwest Fund 35 34 

Fossil Fish Exploration Fund 31 47 

Jonathan Thorne Memorial Fund 456 44 523 25 

Interest on Credit Balances: 

Earnings to December 31, 1910, transferred 

to general account 1,053 35 

Cash on Hand December 31, 1910 17.18063 

$270,845 69 

[E. &O. E.J 

New York, December ji, iqio 




By Gift 
H. CHAUNCEY, New York City. 

15 Photographs of Swiss Glaciers. 

"1 Snowy Owl. 
JOHN D. CRIMMINS, New York City. 

Autograph invitation to President U. S. Grant, to participate in the 
laying of the Corner-stone of the Museum. 

Flowering plants, books and games. 
G. V. HOLLINS, New York City. 

1 Crane. 

Cabinet of Industrial Exhibits. 
H. I. PRATT, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

1 Large Palm. 
Capt. E. RASON, Reigate, England. 

ri Photographs from New Hebrides Islands. 
EDWARD ROESLER, Jr., New York City. 

3 Live Guinea Pigs. 

By Exchange 
SIR HARRY H. JOHNSTON, Poling, Sussex, England. 
28 Photographs of African material. 

By Purchase 
25 Negatives illustrating Weaving. 

By Loan 

60 Negatives of British East Africa. 
KERMIT ROOSEVELT, Oyster Bay, L. 1. 

1 200 Negatives of African material, with the privilege of making prints. 

81 Negatives and 50 photographs of the Zambesi country. 
Miss VERA SIMONTON, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

33 Photographs of African material, with the privilege of making 

Through Museum Expedition 
279 Negatives obtained during two trips to the southwestern United 
States by Dr. Pliny E. Goddard. 

Geology — By Gift 77 



By Gift 

CALUMET AND HECLA MINES CO., Calumet, Mich, (through Mr. 
C. H. Benedict). 

12 Samples of mill products from Lake Linden, Mich. 

1 Stalagmite 3 ft. high x 2% ft. in diameter. 
17 Boxes of stalactites, stalagmites, crystals and other wall material 

from a cave in the Copper Queen Mine. 
15 Specimens of typical ores and minerals from Bisbee. 
15 Geological specimens from Mt. Martin, Bisbee. 
92 Specimens illustrating the physical geology of the Copper Queen 
5 Specimens of Native Copper and Cuprite from Bisbee. 
DETRIOT COPPER CO., Morenci, Ariz. 

20 Specimens of ores and rocks from Morenci. 

23 Samples of mill work from Cananea. 

8 Specimens from the Transvaal gold region, South Africa. 
C. M. HARPER, New York City. 

1 Specimen of Vanadinite from near Globe, Ariz. 
Mrs. E. H. HARRIMAN, New York City. 

36 Specimens of onyx, marbles and limestones from localities in 
the West. 
SAMUEL HELLER & SON, New York City. 

A series of about 75 specimens and photographs illustrating the 
manufacture of synthetic sapphires and rubies. 
MOCTEZUMA COPPER CO., Nacozari, Sonora, Mexico. 

13 Specimens from the Pilares Mine. 
CHARLES PALACHE, New Haven, Conn. 

1 Fragment of a large crystal of Fayalite in Pegmatite in Granite 
from Rockport, Mass. 
OTTO F. PFORDTE, Rutherford, N. J. 

7 Specimens of Zincite, Franklinite, etc., from Franklin Furnace and 
Ogdensburg, N. J. 
Sir ERNEST SHACKLETON, British Antarctic Expedition. 

27 Specimens from Cape Royds, Mt. Erebus, Antarctica. 

By Purchase 

6 Specimens of Quartz crystals and decomposed Granite carrying 
Native Gold from mines near Berezov, Russia. 

78 Invertebrate Palceontology — By Gift 

1 Specimen of honeycomb Quartz carrying Gold from Berezov, Russia. 
1 Specimen of Native Silver in Limestone from the McKinley-Darragh 

Mine, Cobalt, Ontario, Canada. 
1 Slab showing Trap Dike in Granodiorite from St. Cloud, Minnesota. 
1 Gold-Quartz nugget from placer in California. 
1 Large slab of Quincy Pegmatite. 
1 Slice and a cast of El Inca Meteorite from Peru. 
1 Large piece of the Brenham Meteorite. 

1 Entire mass of the Knowles Meteorite. 

12 Geological specimens from Virgilina Copper District, Halifax 
Co., Va., and Granville Co., N. C. 
8 Specimens of Rutile, etc., from Nelson Co., Va. 
16 Specimens of Native Silver, ores and rock from Cobalt, Ontario. 

By Gift 

BARNUM BROWN, New York City. 

2 Fragments containing fossil Teredo shells from the Tax Hills for- 

mation on the Missouri River at Lismas, Mont. 

7 Specimens of Macrocyclis spatiosa Meek and Hayden from Wind 
River beds, Alkali Creek, Wyo. 

11 Specimens of Macrocyclis spatiosa from the Washakie Basin. 
2 Valves of Margaritana rugosa (?) from the Washakie Basin. 

60 Unios from the Wasatch formation, Big Horn Basin, Wyo. 

12 Cerithiums from the Wasatch formation, Big Horn Basin, Wyo. 

4 Macrocyclis spatiosa from the Wasatch formation, Big Horn Basin. 

By Exchange 
BURNETT SMITH, Skaneateles, N. Y. 

28 Specimens from the Manlius Limestone of Onondaga Co., N. Y. 

By Purchase 
2 Rudistes shells from the Kansas Chalk, Trogo Co., Kan. 



By Gift 
C. E. AKELEY, Chicago, 111. 

6 Bats from British East Africa. 
BRITISH MUSEUM (Natural History), South Kensington, London. 

1 Skull of Weddell's Seal (Leptonychotes weddelli) from Ross Sea, 
Antarctic regions. 

Matiwials — By Gift 79 

BARNUM BROWN, New York City. 

2 Specimens of Shrew from Alberta. 
N. G. BUXTON, Denver, Colo. 

68 Small mammals from vicinity of Denver, Colo. 

30 Monkeys, 4 Marmosets, 3 Leopards, 2 Lions, 1 Chinese Cat, 

1 Coati, 1 Coyote, 1 Polar Bear, 2 Wapiti Deer, 1 Eland, 

1 Moufflon, 1 Capybara, 1 Peccary, 3 Opossums. — Total, 52 

specimens received in the flesh from the Central Park Menagerie. 

JAMES L. CLARK, New York City. 

2 Bongo skulls and 1 Bat from Africa. 

1 Asiatic Dog. 
Capt. GEORGE COMER, New Bedford, Mass. 

1 Shrew from Hudson Bay. 

Capt. M. L. CRIMMINS, U. S. A., Fort Davis, Alaska. 

2 Small mammals from Nome, Alaska. 
Dr. JONATHAN DWIGHT, Jr., New York City. 

17 Small mammals from western Turkestan. 
GAUDIG AND BLUM, New York City. 

1 "Mink-martin." 


2 Ground Squirrels {Citellns, one of them melanistic) from Yukon, 

Mrs. WILLIAM C. de MILLE, New York City. 

1 Marmoset from Venezuela. 
A. JOHNSTONE, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

2 Small mammals from Staten Island, N. Y. 
Hon. MASON MITCHELL, U. S. Consul, Apia, Samoa. 

1 Cat {Felis temmincki mitchelli) from Tibet. 
JOHN T. NICHOLS, Englewood, N. J. 

3 Field Mice from Oregon. 


2 Skins of Glacier Bears from Alaska. 
K. V. PAINTER, Cleveland, Ohio. 

1 Skeleton of Giant Forest Pig (Hylochcerus) from Africa. 
Dr. C. H. TOWNSEND, New York City. 

1 Skin of albino Fur Seal. 

1 Siamese Cat. 

1 Black Macaque, 1 Lioness, 1 Tiger, 1 Leopard, 2 Siamese Cats, 1 
Paradoxurus, 1 Civet Cat, 1 young Walrus, 1 young Musk-ox, 
3 Antelopes, 1 Rocky Mountain Goat, 1 Deer, 1 Wild Ass, 1 
Hyrax, 1 Rhinoceros. — Total, 18 specimens received in the flesh 
from the New York Zoological Park. 

So Birds— By Gift 

By Purchase 

480 Small mammals from various parts of North America ; 2 speci- 
mens from Nicaragua, 6 from Siam, and 4 Solenodons from San 

Through Museum Expeditions 

20 Small mammals from Mexico ; 50 from the Dutch East Indies ; 4 
skeletons of large Whales, 2 skeletons of small Whales, and 10 
skeletons of Porpoises (4 species) from Japan ; 170 specimens 
from Venezuela. 

By Gift 

Mrs. J. E. ALGER, Oyster Bay, L. I. 

1 Mounted Mexican Jacana. 
B. S. BOWDISH, Demarest, N. J. 

6 Small birds, in the flesh. 

I Mallard Duck, in the flesh. 

BRITISH MUSEUM (Natural History), South Kensington, London. 

II Eggs from the Antarctic regions — 1 of the King Penguin, 6 of 

the Black-throated Penguin, and 4 of MacCormick's Skua. 
N. G. BUXTON, Denver, Colo. 

1 Skin of Western Tree Sparrow, 1 skin of Red-winged Blackbird 
from Colorado. 
FRANK M. CHAPMAN, Englewood, N. J. 

1 Screech Owl, in the flesh. 
RUSSELL J. COLES, Danville, Va. 

1 Sanderling and 1 Snow Bunting, in the flesh, from North Carolina. 

1 Red-shouldered Hawk, in the flesh. 
P. M. CUSHING, Larchmont, N. Y. 

Old Squaw Duck, in the flesh. 
Mrs. WILLIAM C. de MILLE, New York City. 

18 Skins of small birds from Merida, Venezuela. 

2 Rheas, 19 Swans, 2 Egyptian Geese, 1 Herring Gull, 1 American 

Bittern, 1 Vulture, 4 Eagles, 1 Owl, 1 Peacock, 5 Pheasants, 
5 Cockatoos, 2 Macaws, 6 Amazon Parrots, 1 Toucan, 1 Garrulax. 
— Total, 52 specimens received in the flesh from the Central Park 
Dr. JONATHAN DWIGHT, Jr., New York City. 

98 Miscellaneous bird skins, without data. 
Lieut. G. T. EMMONS, Princeton, N. J. 
1 Nest of Baltimore Oriole. 

Birds— By Gift 81 

G. CLYDE FISHER, De Funiak Springs, Fla. 

6 Birds from Florida (2 skins, 4 in alcohol). 
L. A. FUERTES, Ithaca, N. Y. 

4 Skins, including the type of a new species of Icterus from Mexico, 
and 1 Hooded Merganser in the flesh. 

2 Skins of Bee-eaters from Morocco. 
CHAPMAN GRANT, New York City. 

1 Skin of Hermit Thrush. 
H. O. HAVEMEYER, Jr., Mahwah, N. J. 

1 Four-legged Chicken. 
B. F. HOWELL, Troy Meadows, N. J. 

1 Mounted Yellow Rail. 
THEODORE R. HOYT, New York City. 

1 Mounted Duck, a hybrid between the Mallard and the Pintail. 
JAMES KEMP, New York City. 

1 Barred Owl, in the flesh. 
W. De W. MILLER. Plainfield, N. J. 

3 Hawks and 1 Loon, in the flesh. 

Hon. MASON MITCHELL, U. S. Consul, Apia, Samoa. 

18 Skins of Samoan birds. 

2 Cassowaries, 2 Screamers, 2 Upland Geese, 1 Pelican, 1 Adjutant 

Stork, 2 Ocellated Turkeys, 1 Bataleur Eagle, 1 Harpy Eagle, 
1 Hyacinthine Macaw. — Total, 13 specimens received in the 
flpsh from the New York Zoological Park. 
Dr. L. E. NORFLEET, Tarboro, N. C. 

1 Albino Grackle, in the flesh. 


2 Skins of Black Oyster-catcher. 

1 Nest of Knot, the first known to science. 

1 Double Yellowhead Parrot (Amazona oratrix). 
Mrs. D. F. PLATT, Englewood, N. J. 

1 Hermit Thrush, in the flesh. 
HARRY RAVEN, Bay Shore, N. Y. 

1 Night Heron, 1 Merganser, 1 Meadowlark, 1 Sanderling, 1 Plover. 

1 Skin of Fish Crow. 
Dk. L. C. SANFORD, New Haven, Conn. 

5 Ducks from North Carolina and 1 Swan, in the flesh; 2 skins of 
Grouse from Alaska; 1 skin of Canvasback Duck. 
Dr. THOMAS R. SAVAGE, New York City. 

1 Nest of Weaver-bird from Africa. 
E. LeROY THOMSON, Siasconset, Mass. 

1 Pomarine Jaeger, in the flesh. 

82 Vertebrate Palceontology — By Gift 

Dr. C. H. TOWNSEND, New York City. 

14 Skins of rare and interesting birds from the Hawaiian Islands. 
E. H. WHITE, New York City. 

1 Lory, in the flesh. 

By Exchange 

2 Masked Bob-white from Mexico; 1 Gull-billed Tern and 1 Mayan 

Horned Owl from eastern Mexico; 57 small birds, mostly from 
Costa Rica; 14 birds from various localties ; all skins. 1 Virginia 
Rail, in the flesh. 10 sets of eggs of North American birds. 

By Purchase 

155 Skins from China; 46 skins from Siam ; 87 skins from New 
York State ; 65 skins, 29 nests and 66 eggs from Panama ; 14 
skins of large birds from the Arctic regions ; 2 Kiwis from New 
Zealand (Apteryx aus trails and A. kaasti) ; 1 egg of JEpyornls 
from Madagascar ; 1 skin of Nyctlblus from Nicaragua. 

Through Museum Expeditions 

342 skins and 2 sterna from Borneo, Celebes, Formosa, etc. ; 200 
skins and a number of nests and eggs from northwestern Arctic 
America; 111 skins from Yucatan and Vera Cruz; 116 skins 
from Panama ; 11 Rails, in the flesh, from Connecticut. 


By Gift 

SENCKENBERG MUSEUM, Frankfurt-a-Main, Germany. 

Complete skeleton of Mystrlosaurus, a marine crocodile of the Jurassic 
Period, fromHolzmaden in Wurttemberg. 

1 Mastodon Tooth. 
E. C. WATERS, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Humerus of large Elk found in glacial drift at Brantford, Ontario. 

By Exchange 

MUSEO DE LA PLATA, Argentine Republic. 

Series of casts of extinct South American mammals, including the 
skeleton of Toxodoti and skull of Onohippldium. 

Skeleton, uncrushed and nearly complete, of Ophthalmosaurus, an 
Ichthyosaurian marine reptile of the Jurassic Period. 

By Purchase 
Partial skeleton of a fossil reptile (? Dinosaur) from the Triassic 
shales of the Newark formation at Fort Lee, N. J. 

Ichthyology and Herpetology — By Gift 83 

Through Museum Expeditions 


Skeletons of a Duck-billed Dinosaur, a small Horned Dinosaur and 
a large Armored Dinosaur ; parts of skeletons of Carnivorous 
and Herbivorous Dinosaurs. 

Skeleton of Delphinocephalus and series of skulls of other ancient 
and peculiar reptiles of the Karroo formation in Cape Colony, 
collected by Dr. R. Broom. 

Collection of fossil mammals of the Lower Eocene from the Big 
Horn Yalley of Wyoming, about 600 catalogued specimens, 
including a mountable skeleton of the Four-toed Horse and 
many skulls, jaws and other parts of new or little-known species. 


By Gift 


Collection of fishes made in Moon Lake, Mississippi, including the 

Paddlefish, Garpike, and a general collection of local fishes 

(about 20 species). 
Collection of about 120 species of fishes from the Pacific coast, 

made by Dr. E. C. Starks of Leland Stanford University. 
Collection of 65 specimens of Axthrodira from the Cleveland shales 

of Ohio, made by Mr. Peter A. Bungart. 
7 Fishes collected by Mr. W. T. Kinnear in the Old Red Sandstone 

of Scotland, including Mesacanthus, Ischnacanthus and Dip- 


1 Aspidorhynchus acutirostris from the Lithographic shales of 

3 Xenacanthus from the collection of Professor Anton Fritsch of 

2 Fossil fishes from Dr. F. Krantz, Bonn, Germany, from the 

Upper Oligocene of Hessen. 

11 Fossil fishes from the Upper Devonian of Canada, collected by 
Mr. Anthony Plourde, including Eusthenopteron, Scatimenacia 
and Bothriolepis. 

A Small slab with numerous specimens of Prolebias cephalotes and 
one Homosteus milleri, from Ward's Natural Science Establish- 
ment, Rochester, N.Y. 

2 Collections of teeth of Ptychodus collected in the Cretaceous of 
Kansas by Mr. Charles H. Sternberg. 

84 Ichthyology and Herpetology — By Gift 


Collection of fishes made by the yacht " Tekla " in Florida waters 
and moulds of a Cub Shark and of a Saw-fish. 

1 Swordfish. 
RUSSELL J. COLES, Danville, Va. 

Collection of about 77 species of fishes from the coast of North Caro- 
Dr. BASHFORD DEAN, Riverdale, N. Y. 

A lantern fish (Mausolicus pennanti). 

A pair of shark jaws from the Indian Ocean. 

3 or 4 Species of fishes collected in the Ashokan Survey. 

5 Small fishes collected by Mr. Harlan I. Smith in Alaska. 

1 Skull and one alcoholic specimen of the fresh-water Ling. 

1 Angler. 

1 Threadfish. 
Dr. E. W. GUDGER, Goldsboro, N. C. 

4 Sea Catfish and a number of Catfish from the coast of North 

JOHN HISCOX, New York City. 

I Burrfish. 
OSCAR T. MACKEY, New York City. 

1 Small-mouthed Black Bass. 

About 50 fishes, including a Sailfish, a Wreckfish, an albino Trout 
and a Tunny. 
JOHN T. NICHOLS, New York City. 

20 Species of fishes from the Pacific coast. 

I Species of Trout. 
VICTOR J. RODRIGUEZ, Matanzas, Cuba. 

Dried specimens of 1 Batfish and 1 Flying Gurnard. 

1 Amberjack. 
NORMAN TAYLOR, New York City. 

1 Lionfish. 

1 Mounted Sailfish. 

1 Mounted Sailfish. 

Reptiles and Batrachians — By Gift 85 

By Exchange 
DEPARTMENT OF FISHERIES, Sydney, New South Wales. 

A number of specimens of the Rough-backed Herring, Potamolosa 
FREE PUBLIC MUSEUM, Liverpool, England. 

1 Protopterus, I Periophthalmns, 1 Macrurus and 4 casts of fishes. 

ROYAL SCOTTISH MUSEUM, Edinburgh, Scotland. 

A cast of Homosteus milleri and one of Cladodus neilsoni. 


By Gift 


g Bufo lentiginosus, 2 Rana catesbiana, 7 Rana sphenocephala, 
6 Engy 'stoma carolinense, 11 Scaphiopus holbrookii, 2 Amphiuma 
and 6 Manculus quadridigitatus from Raleigh, N. C. 

9 Bufo lentiginosus, 24 Bufo quercicus and 2 Siren lacertina from 

21 Bufo americanus from Chicago, 111. 

1 Amphiuma from Hale Co., Alabama. 

8 A r ecturus from Ithaca, N. Y. 

2 Amblystoma punctatum from Stamford, Conn. 

Development stages of Necturus maculatus from Oconomowoc, Wis. 

Development stages of Cryptobranchus allegheniensis from 
Dr. THOMAS BARBOUR, Cambridge, Mass. 

1 Rana montezti?mr from Mexico. 
DANIEL C. BEARD, Flushing, L. I. 

1 Cryptobranchus allegheniensis from Covington, Ky. 

9 Bufo fotvleri, 3 Rana palustris from Yonkers, N. Y. 
F. BISHOP, Cambridge, Mass. 

1 Spiny-tailed Iguana. 
Dr. L. C. BUCKLEY, Bangkok, Siam. 

1 Lizard skin from Siam. 
C. S. BRIMLEY, Raleigh, N. C. 

7 Manculus quadridigitatus from Raleigh, N. C. 

12 Rana sylvatica, 20 Hy la picker ingii from Bryn Mawr Park. 
WILLIAM T. DAVIS, New Brighton, Staten Island, N. Y. 

7 Bufo americanus and 1 Bufo fowleri from Clayton, Ga. 

1 Bufo fotvleri from Washington. 
RICHARD DECKERT, Mount Vernon, N. Y. 

12 Hy la picker ingii, S Rana sylvatica. 

86 Reptiles and Batrachians — By Gift 


From Ashokan Survey: 5 Bufo americanus, 7 Btifo fowleri, 7 Rana 
catesbiana, 28 Rana clamitans, 56 Rana palustris, I Rana 
sylvatica, 4 Hyla pickeringii, 26 tadpoles of various species; 
53 Desmognathus fusca, 3 Desmognathus ochrophtza, 55 
Di'emyctylus viridescens 16 Plethodon cinereus, 1 Plethodon 
glutinosus, 1 Spelerpes bilineatus, 1 Spelerpes ruber, 1 Chelydra 
serpentina, 1 Chrysemys picta, 1 Cyclophis vernalis, 6 Natrix 
fasciata sipedon, 3 Thamnopis saurita, 3 Thamnopis sirtalis. 

Small collection of Batrachians and Reptiles from the Philippine 

Collection of Batrachians from Colorado Springs. 

Collection from localities in New York: 5 Bufo americanus, 2 Rana 
sylvatica, 2 Hyla pickeringii, 3 Amblysto?na pimctatum, 4 
Desmognathus fusca, 4 Plethodon cinereus, 2 Plethodon glutinosus. 

3 Lizards from Havana, Cuba. 

1 Hognosed Snake {Heterodon platyrhinus). 
H. S. DICKERSON, Lafayette, Ind. 

7 Bufo fowleri from Indiana. 

18 Amblystoma opacum, I Amblystoma pimctatum, 1 Desmognathus 
fusca, 14 Diemyctylus viridescens, 2 Spelerpes bilineatus from 
Providence, R. I. 

3 Autodax lugubris, 3 Batrachoseps attennatus, 9 Hyla regilla from 

Palo Alto, Calif. 
Collection of Salamanders, showing life histories, from California 
and Rhode Island. 
Dr. T. B. FORD, Columbia, Miss. 

1 Congo Eel (Amphiuma means) from Columbia. 

8 Bufo americanus, 15 Di'emyctylus viridescens, 12 Rana clamitans 

and a small collection of Reptiles. 

4 Painted Turtles {Chrysemys pictd). 
ADAM HERMANN, New York City. 

A collection of 35 Lizards from Europe and America. 
GNEOMAR von KROCKOW, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

2 Water-snakes ( Tropidonotus fasciatus) from New York. 
SENOR PEDRO LOPEZ, Bogota, Colombia. 

1 Snake skin from U. S. of Colombia. 

Hon. MASON MITCHELL, U. S. Consul, Apia, Samoa. 

2 Snakes from Samoa. 


I Hyla maxima, 2 Chrysemys picla, I Rana catesbiana, 1 young 
Alligator, 2 Hawk's-bill Turtles (Chelonia imbricatd). 

Anthropology — By Gift 87 


1 Green Tree Snake, 1 Hooded Cobra, 1 Australian Carpet Snake 
[Morelia variegata), 1 Indian Rat Snake (Zamensis mucosus), 4 
young Copperhead Snakes {Ancistrodon contortrix), 1 Hognosed 
Snake (Heterodou platyrkinus), 9 young Banded Rattlers (Cro- 
tahis horridus), I Ribbon-snake (Eutonnia saurita), 1 Bush- 
master (Lachcsis mutus), I European Coluber, 12 young Water- 
snakes, 2 Spotted Turtles (Chelopus guttatus), 3 South American 
Tortoises ( Testudo elegans), 9 Surinam Toads (Pipa americana). 
JOHN T. NICHOLS, Englewood, N. J. 

5 Bufo boreas from Oregon. 
W. B. NICHOLS, New York. 

Collection of Snakes from Long Island and Cold Spring Harbor. 
WILLIAM B. OLNEY, Seekonk, Mass. 

27 Bufo foiuleri, 4 Hyla versicolor, 10 Rana pipiens from Seekonk. 
Prof. J. E. REIGHARD, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
20 Bufo americanus from Ann Arbor. 

Toad (Bufocognatus) swallowing Salamander {Ambly stoma tigrinum). 

24 Tree Frogs (Hyla regilld) from Palo Alto, Calif. 
F. WEINBERG, Long Island, N. Y. 
Small collection of Turtles. 

By Exchange 

1 Bufo melanostickus, 1 Amblysephalus carinatus, 1 Draco z'olans, 

1 Dryophis prasinus, I Mabuia multifaciata, 1 Natrix vittata, 

1 Natrix subminiata, 1 Natrix trianguligera, 1 Ptychozoon 

kuhli from Java. 

I Hyla dolishopsis, 1 Dasia smaragdinum from Sorong, New Guinea. 

1 Rana varians, Blgr. from Moluccas. 

Through Museum Expeditions 
Moon Lake, Mississippi: Small collection of Batrachians and Reptiles 

secured by Dr. Louis Hussakof and Mr. Dwight Franklin. 
Shimidzu, Japan : I Bufo formosus, 9 Hyla arborea japonica. 
Secured by Mr. Roy C. Andrews. 


By Gift 
F. D. ALLER, Gatico, Chile. 

Archaeological collection from Cobija, Chile. 
ALLTSON T. ARMOUR, New York City. 

Head-hunter's knife from Borneo. 

Collection from the Seminole Indians of Florida. 

88 Anthropology — By Gift 

WALTER H. BEEBE, New York City. 

Porcelain brick from Porcelain Tower, Nanking, China. 
Dr. H. C. BUMPUS, New York City. 

Indian basket from Connecticut and ethnological collection from 
Mexico, including iS pieces of pottery. 
T. W. CHURCH, New York City. 

Collection of Chinese weapons. 
WILLIAM C. CHURCH, New York City. 

Stone idol found at Panama. 
RUSSELL J. COLES, Danville, Va. 

2 Potsherds from New River Inlet, N. C. 

2 Stone arrow points found near Aurora, N. Y. 

New York City. 

Old Indian dugout canoe found near Cherry Street, New York City. 
E. W. DEMMING, New York City. 

Ear of sacred corn used in Indian ceremonies. 
ANSON W. HARD, New York City. 

Collection of blankets and belts from Mexico and New Mexico. 

Painted elk skin. 
Miss MI l.FORD H. HOAG, New York City. 

6 Chinese models. 
Dr. J. RAMSAY HUNT, New York City. 

Mummy from Catacombs of Guanajuato, Mexico. 
B. T. B. HYDE, New York City. 

14 Navajo looms. 
Dr. GEORGE F. KUNZ, New York City, and Mr. CHARLES HUGH 
STEVENSON, Washington, D. C. 

Shell beads from Pipemaker Creek, Ga. , and four hammerstones from 
M. F. McCORD, Rush Springs, Okla. 

3 Moulds of Indian work on rocks at Rush Springs, Okla. 
Hon. MASON MITCHELL, U. S. Consul, Apia, Samoa. 

1 Woven mat, 1 grass dress and three pieces of tapa cloth from Apia, 

Ethnological collection from North America. This collection con- 
tains a large number of costumes, weapons, utensils and cere- 
monial objects from the Plains, Navajo and Apache tribes. 
BOSWELL L. MURRAY, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Pipe obtained at Moorehead, Minn. 
Mrs. RUSSELL SAGE, New York City. 

Collection of blankets and costumes from the Navajo and Moki 

Anthropology — By Exchange 89 

OTTO SCHMIDT, New York City. 

5 Arrows from New Guinea. 

12 Pottery vessels and 1 human figure carved in wood from Chepen, 
Mrs. E. L. SEIDENSTICKER, South Orange, N. J. 

Wax figure of a Mexican potter. 
Dr. \V. J. SINCLAIR, Princeton, N. J. 

Steatite cylinder found near Lander, Wyo. 
F. H. SLACK, New York City. 

Cane from Japan. 
Dr. HERBERT J. SPINDEN, New York City. 

Archaeological collection from Burgois Mound, near Bismarck, N. D., 
part of a decorated skin capa from Brazilian Chaco and a cast 
of a jade ornament found in Yucatan. 

D. C. STAPLETON, Esmeraldas, Ecuador. 

Ethnological and archaeological collection from Esmeraldas, Ecuador. 
JAMES TEIT, Spences Bridge, British Columbia. 

Model showing method of attaching string to smooth pebbles used 
as net sinkers among the Thompson River Indians. 
HENRY UTARD, New York City. 

1 Stone idol and two pieces of pottery from Mexico. 

E. C. WATERS, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Piece of French iron tomahawk from Bramford, Ontario, Canada. 

F. WEINBERG, Woodside, L. I. 

4 Flower pots and piece of native rope from India. 

By Exchange 
WALLACE F. PECK, New York City. 

Eskimo drum from St. Michael Island, Alaska. 

Archaeological collection from Wisconsin. 

Through Museum Expeditions 
Ethnological collection from the South Sea Islands. Collected by 

Mr. Roy C. Andrews. 
Ethnological collection from the South Sea Islands. Collected by 

Professor Henry E. Crampton. 
Ethnological and archaeological collections from the San Carlos 

Apache, the White Mountain Apache and the Navajo of Arizona. 

Collected by Dr. P. E. Goddard. Provided for by Mr. Archer 

M. Huntington. 
Ethnological collection from the Crow Indians of Montana and from 

the Hidatsa Indians at Fort Berthold, N. D. Collected by Dr. 

Robert H. Lowie. 
Archaeological collection from Mexico and Yucatan and ethnological 

collection from the Rio Grande Pueblos. Collected by Dr. 

Herbert J. Spinden. Provided for by Mr. Archer M. Huntington. 

90 Anthropology — Through Museum Expeditions 

Ethnological collection from the Hidatsa Indians. Collected by Rev. 

Gilbert L. Wilson. 
Ethnological collection from the Pima and Papago Indians. Collected 

by Dr. Clark Wissler. Provided for by Mr. Archer M. 

Ethnological collections from the Menomini Indians of Wisconsin and 

from the Seminole Indians of Florida. Collected by Mr. 

Alanson Skinner. 

By Purchase 

Miss M. I. BAYLY, New York City. 

Ethnological specimens from Java. 
Miss LAURA E. BENEDICT, New York City. 

Ethnological collection from the Philippine Islands. 

Archaeological collection from New York City. 
Miss M. A. CAVENAGH, New York City. 

Woman's work-basket and wooden object inlaid with shell from Peru. 
Capt. GEORGE COMER, East Haddam, Conn. 

Collection of boats, clothing, implements and ornaments of the 
Eskimo of Southampton Island and west shore of Hudson Bay. 

Ethnological collection from Africa. 
T. E. DONNE, Wellington, New Zealand. 

2 Stone idols from New Zealand. 
Lieut. G. T. EMMONS, Princeton, N. J. 

114 Baskets from British Columbia. 
NICHOLAS GRAY, Unalaska, Alaska. 

Collection of boats, sea-otter spears, rain coats and models from 
M. R. HARRINGTON, Shawnee, Okla. 

Ethnological collection from the Comanche Indians. 
W. C. HILL, New York City. 

Ethnological collection from various localities, including Arkansas 
and Alaska, South America, Australia, South Sea Islands and 
Philippine Islands. 
Miss KATHERINE MAYO, Cape Cod, Mass. 

Ethnological collection from Dutch Guiana. 
RALPH MEYERS, Taos, New Mexico. 

Collection from Taos Pueblo. 
Capt. WILLIAM MOGG, Point Barrow, Alaska. 

Collection from the Eskimo of Banks Land. 
EMIL MOSONYI, New York City. 

Collection of ethnological specimens from Guatemala. 
Capt. JAMES S. MUTCH, Peterhead, Scotland. 

Ethnological collection from Whale Fish Islands, near Disco, Green- 

Mineralogy — By Gift 91 

WILLIAM NIVIN, City of Mexico. 

Jade ornament of Maya culture. 
T. R. RODDY, Winnebago City, Neb. 

Collection from Winnebago Indians. 
ALANSON SKINNER, Staten Island, N. Y. 

Collection from the Winnebago and Cayuga Indians. 

Imitation codex from Mexico. 
F. G. SPECK, Philadelphia, Pa. 

8 Specimens from the Ottawa, Chippewa, and Pottawatomie Indians. 
Rev. G. W. STAHLBRAND, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Ethnological collection from the Congo. 
Prof. FREDERICK STARR, Chicago, 111. 

Large ethnological collection from the Congo, Africa. 
ERASTUS T. TEFFT, New York City. 

Large ethnological collection from North America, in part the gift 
of Mr. Felix M. Warburg and Dr. James Douglas. This collec- 
tion contains a large number of specimens from the Woodland 
tribes and several very interesting specimens from the Southwest 
B. VITOLO, New York City. 

2 Bronze mirrors from China. 
Rev. A. R. WILLIAMS, New York City. 

Ethnological collection from the Lower Congo, Africa. 
FRED HARVEY, Hopi House, Grand Canyon, Ariz. 

Ethnological collection from the Hopi. 


By Gift 


43 Specimens of minerals, including Antimony, Amazon Stone, Beryl 
(pink), Binnite, Blomstrandine, Calcite, Carnotite, Cerussite, 
Clinochlore, Corundum, Covellite, Davidite, Enargite, Gadolinite, 
Galena, Garnierite, Gold, Hambergite, Hyalite, Natrochalcite, 
Orthoclase, Pearceite, Phenacite, Phenacite (crystal), Pyrite, 
Pyrrhotite (crystallized), Amethystine Quartz, Seligmanite, 
Serpentine, Snarumite, Sphalerite, Topaz, Topaz on Orthoclase, 
Vesuvianite, Wulfenite, Zoisite. 
JOHN H. DEANE, New York City. 

2 Specimens of large green Beryl from Mt. Apatite, Me. 
Dr. JAMES DOUGLAS, through Mr. G. D. Van Arsdale, New York City. 

Vanadium and Uranium ores from Utah. 
A. D. GABAY, New York City. 

1 Specimen of Quartz (crystal in the rock), Herkimer Co., N. Y. 
1 Box of free crystals (Quartz). 

92 Mineralogy — By Purchase 

State Geologist. 

1 Specimen of Bauxite, Floyd Co., Ga. 
C. C. GOSTLING, New York City. 

2 Specimens of Infusorial Earth, Wilkerson, Va. 
C. W. HOADLEY, Englewood, N. J. 

i Specimen of Stilbite, West Paterson, N. J. 
Mrs. A. j. HOWELL, New York City. 

A miscellaneous assemblage of mineral fragments. 
C. H. JONES, New York City. 

3 Specimens of Anthracite Coal with starlike impressions. 
RALPH KIRSH, New York City. 

4 Specimens of Cassiterite pebbles (placer), Buck Creek, York, Alaska. 
I Vial of Cassiterite (concentrates), Buck Creek, York, Alaska. 

ROBERT LEE, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

I Specimen China Clay, China. 
R. B. MEYERS, New York City. 

I Specimen Limonite concretion, Forest Hill, L. I. 

i Specimen Pyrite sphere, Little Neck Bay, L. I. 

I Large oval-cut gem of Rose Beryl (Morganite), 57% carats, from 

1 Fragment of Rose Beryl (crystal) from Madagascar. 
OTTO F. PFORDTE, Rutherford, N. j. 

1 Specimen Pectolite, West Paterson, N. J. 

1 Specimen Thaumasite, West Paterson, N. J. 

I Specimen Zinnwaldite, Zinnwald, Saxony. 

1 Specimen Patronite, Quisque, Peru. 

1 Specimen Red Oxide of Vanadium, Peru. 

1 Specimen Chalcopyrite, Bergen Hill, N. J. 

2 Specimens Radiated Willemite, Franklin, N. J. 
OTTO SCHMIDT, New York City. 

40 Specimens miscellaneous minerals. 
OTTO VEATCH, Atlanta, Ga. (Assistant Geologist, State Survey, Georgia). 

1 Specimen Ripidolite, Habersham Co., Ga. 
Dr. F. B. VON TEUBER, through Charles W. Mead, New York City. 

1 Specimen Gold Sand, San Bias coast, Panama. 

By Purchase 

1 Specimen Cuprite, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Ariz. 

1 Specimen Thaumasite, enclosing Heulandite and Apophillite. 

1 Specimen Thaumasite, West Paterson, N. J. 

1 Specimen Natrolite, West Paterson, N. J. 

1 Specimen Natrolite on Datolite. 

5 Specimens Awaruite, Smith River, Calif. 

Mineralogy — By Exchange 93 

1 Specimen Sylvanite, Cripple Creek, Colo. 

1 Specimen Sylvanite, Transylvania, Hungary. 

2 Specimens Tourmaline, Pala, Calif. 

1 Specimen Tourmaline and Albite, Pala, Calif. 

2 Specimens Calcite, St. Lawrence Co., N. Y. 
1 Specimen Native Silver, Houghton, Mich. 

By Exchange 


1 Specimen Rhodochrosite, Kapnik, Hungary. 

1 Specimen Bournonite, Felsobanya, Hungary. 

1 Specimen Bournonite on Galena, Felsobanya, Hungary. 
R. B. GAGE, Trenton, N. J. 

1 Specimen Alamosite, Alamosa, Mexico. 
ALFRED C. HAWKINS, Seewaren, N. J. 

1 Specimen massive Polydelphite, Franklin Furnace, N. J. 

1 Specimen Pyroxene, Morris Co., N. J. 

1 Specimen Serpentine in Dolomite, Morris Co., N. J. 

1 Specimen Hedenbergite, Shasta Co., Calif. 

1 Specimen Chalcocite, Franklin, N. J. 

1 Specimen Biotite, Franklin, N. J. 
CHAS. H. JONES, New York City. 

1 Specimen Aegyrite, Magnet Cove, Ark. 
A. L. PARSONS, Toronto, Canada. 

1 Specimen Native Antimony, West Gore. Nova Scotia. 

1 Specimen Chalcocite, Tatamagouche, Nova Scotia. 

1 Specimen Cinnabar, Cherry Creek, Kamloops, B. C. 

1 Specimen Cobaltite crystals, Cobalt, Ontario. 

1 Specimen Corundum, India. 

1 Specimen Erythrite, Creston, B. C. 

1 Specimen Gold (native), Larder Lake, Ontario. 

1 Specimen Howlite, Wentworth, Nova Scotia. 

1 Specimen Kermesite and Stibnite, West Gore, Nova Scotia. 

1 Specimen Niccolite, Cobalt, Ontario. 

1 Specimen Pyromorphite, Moyie, B. C. 

1 Specimen Quartz (blue), Roseland, Va. 

1 Specimen Scapolite, Cardiff Township, Ontario. 

1 Specimen Sodalite, Sodalite Creek, B. C. 

I Specimen Staurolite, Jordan Falls, Nova Scotia. 

1 Specimen Ulexite on Gypsum, Wentworth, Nova Scotia. 
A. H. PETEREIT, New York City. 

1 Specimen Phlogopite, Franklin Furnace, N. J. 
GEO. O. SIMMONS, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

1 Specimen massive Sphalerite, Lehigh Co., Pa. 
MILTON G. SMITH, New York City. 

2 Specimens Rhodonite, Franklin Furnace, N. J. 

94 Invertebrates — By Gift 


By Gift 

J. M. ALDRICH, Moscow, Idaho. 

2 Specimens of Hydrophorus magdalence, 
G. W. J. ANGELL, New York City. 

Type and 4 cotypes of Corymbites iveidtii, type and 2 cotypes of 
Elmis columbiensis from British Columbia ; 375 insects from 
Lavalette, N. J., and 1 specimen of Megasoma hector. 
NORMAN ARMOUR, Princeton, N.J. 

6 Specimens of Insects. 
H. G. BARBER, Roselle Park, N. J. 

A collection of local Hemiptera. 
GEORGE F. BERTHOUD, Waroona, West Australia. 

no Australian Insects. 

1 Centipede from Mindanao, Philippine Islands. 
J. F. BRIZZIE, New York City. 

1 Tarantula. 
C. F. CLARK, Havana, Cuba. 

i Lot of Spiders and Insects from Havana, Cuba. 
JAMES L. CLARK, New York City. 

6 Vials of Orthoptera, Myriapods, Ants, etc., from British East Africa. 
Prof. T. D. A. COCKERELL, Boulder, Colo. 

3 Leaves of Boutclona digostachva with Targionia graminella from 

Leyden, Colo. 
RUSSELL J. COLES, Danville, Va. 

1 Lot of Marine Invertebrates. 

515 Local Insects. 
W. T. DAVIS, New Brighton, Staten Island, N. Y. 

A collection of Myriapods and Spiders from Georgia, and a collection 
of local Carabidte and Orthoptera. 
Dr. BASHFORD DEAN, Riverdale, N. Y. 

1 Nautilus trap from Cebu, Philippine Islands. 
R. P. DOW, New York City. 

A collection of local Carabidse. 
G. P. ENGELHARDT, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

4 Hippoboscidae from Philadelphia, Pa., and a collection of local 

Mr. and Mrs. JAS. A. ESTY, Sherman, Me., through J. Pierpont Morgan. 

1 Hornets' Nest. 

Dr. SPENCER FRANKLIN, Las Juntas, Costa Rica. 

2 Insects from Abangarez Gold Field, Las Juntas, Costa Rica. 

Invertebrates — By Gift 95 

A. D. GABAY, New York City. 

3 Sponges from Fanning Island, Pacific Ocean. 
J. A. GROSSBECK, New Brunswick, N. J. 

425 Local Insects. 
ERNST H.ECKEL, Jena, Germany. 

A series of 34 microscopic slides of Radiolaria from various localities. 

7 Crioceris from Erie, Pa. 
E. D. HARRIS, New York City. 

50 Cicindelidae from various localties. 
M. A. HASLEHURST, New York City. 

A collection of Seafans, Corals, etc., from various localities. 
GEORGE G. HEYE, New York City, through Mr. S. A. Barrett. 

A collection of Insects from Ecuador. 
Master WILLIAM HOPFNER, New York City. 

26 Coleoptera and 11 Lepidoptera from Rio de Janeiro. 
W. A. HORN, Melbourne, Australia. 

2 Crabs {Pklogius crassipes) and 1 Spider {Telphnsa transversa) from 
Central Australia. 
A. J. HO\VELL : New York City. 

A collection of Sponges, Corals and other invertebrates from Nassau, 
Bahama Islands. 
Mrs. WARDLEY HUNT, Orange, N. J. 

Globe with several hundred Cicada shells. 
Dr. R. T. JACKSON, Cambridge, Mass. 

2 Specimens of Strongylocentrotus franciscanus from Puget Sound. 
G. W. KEMP, New York City. 

1 Piece of wood from Bolivia with work of spiders. 
E. KIRBY, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

1 Tarantula. 

GNEOMAR von KROCKOW, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

A collection of local Arthropods, Worms and Molluscs. 
Dr. G. LAGAI, New York City. 

2 Spiders from Corozal, Panama. 
Dr. C. W. LENG, New York City. 

I Omus inter medias. 
Dr. E. G. LOVE, New York City. 

A collection of local Carabidae. 
Dr. F. E. LUTZ, New York City. 

400 Insects from various localities and 1 Tape-worm {T&nia sagi- 
J. R. McLANE, New York City. 

Several hundred Lepidoptera from the United States and Europe. 
Dr. THEODORE C. MERRILL, Colorado, Tex, 

A collection of Insects and Spiders from Texas, 
Hon. MASON MITCHELL, U. S. Consul, Apia, Samoa. 

1 Bottle of Palolo Worms and 1 Beetle. 

96 Invertebrates — By Gift 

Dr. MAX MORSE, Hartford, Conn. 

I Blnbera trapezoidea. 
F. MUIR, Honolulu, Hawaii. 

1 Peripatus ceramensis from New Guinea. 

4 Specimens of Crustacea and 3 specimens of Coral. 
JOHN T. NICHOLS, Englewood, N. J. 

2 Goose Barnacles and 3 Chiton sp. from Elk Creek, Canon Beacb, 


60 Local Coleoptera. 
Dr. R. C. OSBURN, New York City. 

A collection of local Syrphidse and Conopidse. 
Dr. A. PETRUNKEVITCH, Montclair, N. J. 

1 Spider {Filistata hibernalis) from Huntsville, Tex. 
C. R. PLUNKETT, Flushing, L. I. 

20 Local Membracids from Flushing, L. I. 
JAMES RICALTON, Maplewood, N. J. 

17 Tsetse Flies from Rhodesia, Africa. 
Major \V. ROBINSON, West Point, N. Y. 

150 Coleoptera from West Point, N. Y. 
W. H. SANDBORN, Mattituck, N. Y. 

3 Egg-cases of Natica heros and 3 Piddock Clams {Pholas trun- 

cata) from Mattituck, N. Y, 
C. SCHAEFFER, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Various local Coleoptera. 

50 Insects from Everglades, Fla., and 36 from Keshena, Wis. 

A collection of local Orthoptera and Carabidse. 
HARLAN I. SMITH, New York City. 

A collection of Annulata, Crustacea, Insecta and Mollusca from 
Alert Bay, Vancouver Island, B. C. 
Dr. E. B. SOUTHWICK, New York City. 

A collection of Scale Insects from Central Park, New York City. 
Brighton, S. I. 

56 Local Lepidoptera. 
P. TANSSEAU, Madagascar. 

9 Specimens of Lepidoptera from Madagascar. 
WILL S. TAYLOR, New York City. 

1 Spider from Hastings-on-Hudson, New York. 
Dr. A. L. TREADWELL, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

26 Vials of Annulates from various localities. 
F. WINTERSTEINER, Long Island City, N. Y. 

472 European Coleoptera. 

Invertebrates — Through Museum Expeditions 97 

L. B. WOODRUFF, New York City. 

26 Local Odonata. 
Mrs. C. WUNDER, Passaic Junction, N. J. 

200 Insects from Passaic Junction, N. J. 

By Exchange 


1 Lot of alcoholic Annulates from the Pacific Coast. 
Brighton, Staten Island, N. Y. 

26 Insects from Staten Island. 
G. W, J. ANGELL, New York City. 

4100 Local Coleoptera. 
J. W. ANGELL, New York City. 

A collection of Coleoptera. 

By Purchase 

Three jars of Diopatra cupraa, Phascolosoma gouldii, Chcetopterus 

variopedatus from Woods Hole, Mass. 
Two Spiders and 2 Scorpions from Dominica, W. I. 
One Lot of Coleoptera, Hemiptera, Orthoptera, Arachnida, Myria- 

poda, etc., from the Philippine Islands. 
One collection of Hymenoptera (including 71 vials of Ants), Diptera, 

Orthoptera, Arachnida, etc., from Paraguay, South America. 
One collection of Balanoglosstis kowalevskii from Woods Hole, Mass. 
One lot of Molluscs, Crustaceans, Echinoderms and Annulates from 

the Pacific Coast. 
48 Microscopic slides of typical Rotifera prepared by Mr. C. F. 

A collection of about 1500 Insects from Formosa. 
A collection of Fossil Plants and Insects from Florissant, Colo. 

Through Museum Expeditions 

One collection of Echinoderms, Crustaceans and other Marine 

Invertebrates from Samoa. Collected by Prof. Henry E. 

One collection of Annulates from Dry Tortugas, Fla. Collected by 

Prof. Aaron L. Treadwell. 
One collection of Invertebrates from Woods Hole and Nahant, Mass., 

and Casco Bay, Me. Collected by Mr. Roy W. Miner. 
One collection of Myriapods, Spiders, Ants and other Invertebrates 

from Moon, Mississippi. Collected by Dr. Louis Hussakof and 

Mr. Dwight Franklin. 
One collection of various Invertebrates from the vicinity of New 

York City. Collected by Dr. Frank E. Lutz. 

98 Mollusca — By Gift 

By Gift 
GEORGE F. BERTHOUD, Waroona, West Australia. 

A collection of West Australian Lepidoptera. 
W. D. KEARFOTT, Montclair, N. J. 

A fine series of Sarrothripa revevana showing the variation of the 
WILLIAM SCHAUS, London, England. 

A collection of 500 Central and South American Lepidoptera. 

By Purchase 
A collection of 3500 specimens of North American Noctuidse. 
A collection of Butterflies from Formosa. 
A collection of 400 North American Geometridse. 

By Gift 

Miss ELIZABETH W. CATKIN, New York City. 

Miscellaneous collection of shells from Bermuda. 
Miss D. F. CRERAND, New York City, through Dr. G. F. Kunz. 

Oyster shell (0. virginicd) with adherent pearl, and 7 loose pearls. 
A. D. GABAY, New York City. 

11 Polished valves of Meleagrina margaritifcra ("black lip," "silver 

lip" and "golden edge"). 
7 Nautilus pompilius (4 cut to show siphuncle). 
44 Haliotes, polished. 
38 Haliotes, unpolished. 

Specimens of Cantharidus, Trochus, Turbo, Argonauta, with 
aboriginal (?) necklaces of shells, and 86 cut and polished mother- 
of-pearl {Ha It otis) ornaments. 
1 Meleagrina with pearl. 
A. DA COSTA GOMEZ, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

1 Right-handed Fulgur perversum from Florida. 

Lymtiaa and Pyramidula, semi-fossil shells from Shell Creek Canon, 

Big Horn Mts., Wyo. (elevation 5000 ft.). 
Weathered shells from Red Deer River, 30 miles south of Content, 
and 30 miles south of Stetler, B. C. 
Mrs. M. A. HASLEHURST, New York City. 

16 Species of shells, of the genera Amussium, Cassis, Chiton, Cypraa, 
Fusus, Hippopus, Lucopina, Murex, Pteroceras, Spondylus, 
Strombus, Triton. 
Mrs. EDWARD B. MERRILL, through Liberian Consul, Hon. Edward 
B. Merrill. 
1 Very large specimen of Achatina achatina, from West Africa. 

Mollusca — By Purchase 99 

P. PARTRIDGE, New York City. 

Specimens of local shells from Rye Beach, N. Y. 
EUGENE \V. PRESBREY. New Rochelle, N. Y. 

4 Specimens of Cyprcea exanthema (showing young forms). 
L. S. QUACKENBUSH, New York City. 

20 Species of shells from Eschholtz Bay, Alaska. 
Miss FRANCES L. SPRAGUE, Flushing, L. I. 

A collection of shells consisting of 121 genera, 1161 species and 2337 
CHARLES HUGH STEVENSON, Washington, D. C, through Dr. G. F. 
20 Valves of Meleagrina (mother-of-pearl) from Auckland, Banda 
Lea, Ceram, Costa Rica, Jeddah, Fiji, Gambia, Port Darwin, 
Mergui Sea, Tahiti; Turbo marmoratus from Macassar and 
New Guinea; Trochus niloticus from Timor, Philippines; Haliotis 
cracherodii, H. discus, H. splendens, Livonapica, valves of Unio. 

By Exchange 

154 Specimens (15 genera, 20 species) of New York State land, 
fresh-water and marine shells. 
J. W. JUDD, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

4 Specimens of Leucozonia multangula, Phil., from Yucatan, 
WM. W. WEEKS, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

7 Columbella nitida, n Euryta aciculata, var. nodosoplicata, Dkr., 
9 Marginella interrupta, 3 Oliva oblonga; all from Caribbean Sea. 

By Purchase 
A collection of shells from Jamaica, comprising 18 species. 
55 Specimens and 32 species of Western pearl-bearing fresh-water 
clams, ground and polished. 




American Museum of Natural History 

Passed April 6, 1869 

The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and 
Assembly, do enact as follows : 

Section i. John David Wolfe, Robert Colgate, Benjamin 
H. Field, Robert L. Stuart, Adrian Iselin, Benjamin B. Sher- 
man, William A. Haines, Theodore Roosevelt, Howard Potter, 
William T. Blodgett, Morris K. Jesup, D. Jackson Steward, 
J. Pierpont Morgan, A. G. P. Dodge, Chas. A. Dana, Joseph 
H. Choate and Henry Parish, and such persons as may here- 
after become members of the Corporation hereby created, 
are hereby created a body corporate, by the name of "The 
American Museum of Natural History," to be located in the 
City of New York, for the purpose of establishing and main- 
taining in said city a Museum and Library of Natural History; 
of encouraging and developing the study of Natural Science; 
of advancing the general knowledge of kindred subjects, and 
to that end of furnishing popular instruction.* 

Sec. 2. Said Corporation shall have power to make and 
adopt a Constitution and By-Laws, and to make rules and 
regulations for the admission, suspension and expulsion of its 
members, and their government, the number and election of 
its officers, and to define their duties, and for the safe keeping 
of its property, and, from time to time, to alter and modify 
such Constitution, By-Laws, Rules and Regulations. Until 

1 ncorporation i o i 

an election shall be held pursuant to such Constitution and 
By-Laws, the persons named in the first section of this Act 
shall be, and are hereby declared to be, the Trustees and 
Managers of said Corporation and its property. 

Sec. 3. Said Corporation may take and hold by gift, devise, 
bequest, purchase or lease, either absolutely or in trust, for 
any purpose comprised in the objects of the Corporation, any 
real or personal estate, necessary or proper for the purposes 
of its incorporation, f 

Sec. 4. Said Corporation shall possess the general powers, 
and be subject to the restrictions and liabilities, prescribed in 
the Third Title of the Eighteenth Chapter of the First Part of 
the Revised Statutes, and shall be and be classed as an educa- 
tional corporation.* 

Sec 5. This Act shall take effect immediately. 

Office of the Secretary of State. 

[• ss.. 

I have compared the preceding with the original law on file in this office, 
and do hereby certify that the same is a correct transcript therefrom, and of 
the whole of said original law. 

Given under my hand and seal of Office at the City of Albany, 
[l. s.] this fourteenth day of April, in the year one thousand 

eight hundred and sixty-nine. 

D. Willers, Jr., Deputy Secretary of State. 

+ Section 3. As amended by Chapter 303, Laws of 1898, of the State of New York, en- 
titled "An Act 10 amend chapter one hundred and nineteen, laws of eighteen hundred and 
sixty-nine, entitled ' An Act to incorporate the American Museum of Natural History,' 
relative to its charter." 

* Sections 1 and 4. As amended by Chapter 162 of the Laws of 1909, entitled "An Act 
to amend chapter one hundred and nineteen of the laws of eighteen hundred and sixty-nine, 
entitled 'An Act to incorporate the American Museum of Natural History,' in relation to 
classifying said corporation and modifying its corporate purposes." 

With the Department of Public Parks 


This Agreement, made and concluded on the twenty- 
second day of December, in the year one thousand eight 
hundred and seventy-seven, between the Department of 
Public Parks of the City of New York, the party of the 
first part, and the American Museum of Natural History, 
party of the second part, witnesseth: 

Whereas, by an Act of the Legislature of the State of New 
York, passed April 22d, 1876, entitled "An Act in relation 
to the powers and duties of the Board of Commissioners of the 
Department of Public Parks, in connection with the American 
Museum of Natural History, and the Metropolitan Museum 
of Art," the said party of the first part is authorized and 
directed to enter into a contract with the said party of the 
second part, for the occupation by it of the buildings erected 
or to be erected on that portion of the Central Park in the 
City of New York, known as Manhattan Square, and for 
transferring thereto and establishing and maintaining therein 
its museum, library and collections, and carrying out the 
objects and purposes of said party of the second part; and, 

Whereas, a building contemplated by said act has now 
been erected and nearly completed and equipped in a manner 
suitable for the purposes of said Museum, as provided in the 
first section of the Act of May 15, 1875, known as Chapter 
351, of the Laws of 1875, for the purpose of establishing and 
maintaining therein the said Museum, as provided by the said 
last-named act, and by the Act of April 5, 187 1, known as 
Chapter 290, of the Laws of 187 1 ; and, 


Contract 103 

Whereas, it is desired as well by the said party of the first 
part, as by the said party of the second part, that, immediately 
upon the completion and equipment of said building, the said 
party, of the second part should be established therein, and 
should transfer thereto its museum, library and collections, 
and carry out the objects and purposes of the said party of 
the second part; 

Now, therefore, it is agreed by and between the said 
parties as follows, namely: 

First. — That the said party of the first part has granted 
and demised and let, and doth, by these presents, grant, 
demise and let, unto the said party of the second part, the 
said buildings and the appurtenances thereunto belonging, to 
have and to hold the same so long as the said party of the 
second part shall continue to carry out the objects and 
purposes defined in its charter; or such other objects and 
purposes as by any future amendment of said charter may be 
authorized; and shall faithfully keep, perform, and observe 
the covenants and conditions herein contained on its part to 
be kept, performed and observed, or until the said building 
shall be surrendered by the said party of the second part, as 
hereinafter provided. 

Secotidly. — That neither the party of the first part, its 
successor or successors, nor the Mayor, Aldermen and Com- 
monalty of the City of New York, shall be in any manner 
chargeable or liable for the preservation of the said building 
or the property of the party of the second part which may be 
placed therein, against fire, or for any damage or injury that 
may be caused by fire to the said property; but it is agreed 
that, damages as aforesaid excepted, the said party of the 
first part will keep said building, from time to time, in repair. 

Thirdly. — That as soon after the completion and equipment 
of said building as practicable, said party of the second part 
shall transfer to, and place and arrange in said building, its 
museum, library and collections, or such portion thereof as 
can be properly displayed to the public therein, and shall have 
and enjoy the exclusive use of the whole of said building, 

104 Contract 

subject to the provisions herein contained, and the rules and 
regulations herein prescribed, during the continuance of the 
term granted, or until a surrender thereof, as herein provided. 

Fourthly. — That the exhibition halls of said building shall, 
on Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday of each week, 
and on all legal or public holidays, except Sundays, be kept 
open and accessible to the public, free of charge, from nine 
o clock a.m. until half an hour before sunset, under such rules 
and regulations as the party of the second part shall from time 
to time prescribe; but on the remaining days of the week the 
same shall be only open for exhibition to such persons, upon 
such terms as the said party of the second part shall from time 
to time direct. But all professors and teachers of the public 
schools of the City of New York, or other institutions of 
learning in said city, in which instruction is given free of 
charge, shall be admitted to all the advantages afforded by the 
said party of the second part, through its museum, library, 
apparatus, and collections, or otherwise, for study, research 
and investigation, free of any charge therefor, and to the same 
extent and on the same terms and conditions as any other 
persons are admitted to such advantages, as aforesaid. 

Fifthly. — That the museum, library and collections, and all 
other property of said party of the second part, which shall or 
may be placed in said building, shall continue to be and 
remain absolutely the property of said party of the second part, 
and neither the said party of the first part nor the said the 
Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty, shall by reason of said 
property being placed in said building, or continuing therein, 
have any right, title, property or interest therein ; nor shall the 
said party of the second part, by reason of its occupation and 
use of said building under this agreement, acq uire, or be deemed 
to have any right, title, property or interest in said building, 
except so far as expressly granted by this agreement. 

Sixthly. — That the said party of the second part shall, on or 
before the first day of May, in every year, during the con- 
tinuance of this agreement, submit to the said party of the first 
part, its successor or successors, a detailed printed report of the 

Contract 105 

operations and transactions of the said party of the second part, 
and all its receipts and payments, for the year ending with the 
31st day of December next preceding. 

Seventhly. — That said party of the first part shall have, at 
all times, access to every part of the said building for general 
visitation and supervision, and also for the purpose of the per- 
formance of the duties devolved upon it by the laws of the 
State of New York, or of the City of New York. That the 
police powers and supervision of said party of the first part 
shall extend in, through and about said building. That the 
said party of the second part may appoint, direct, control and 
remove all persons employed within said building, and in and 
about the care of said building, and the museum, library and 
collections therein contained. 

Eighthly. — That said party of the second part may, at any 
time, after the expiration of three, and before the expiration of 
six, months from the date of the service of a notice in writing to 
said party of the first part, its successor or successors, or to the 
Mayor of the City of New York, of its intention so to do, quit 
and surrender the said premises and remove all its property 
therefrom; and upon and after such notice, the said party of 
the second part shall and will, at the expiration of the said six 
months, quietly and peaceably yield up and surrender unto the 
said party of the first part and its successors all and singular 
the aforesaid demised premises. And it is expressly under- 
stood and agreed by and between the parties hereto that if the 
said party of the second part shall omit to do, perform, fulfill 
or keep any or either of the covenants, articles, clauses and 
agreements, matters and things herein contained, which on its 
part are to be done, performed, fulfilled or kept, according to 
the true intent and meaning of these presents, then and from 
thenceforth this grant and demise shall be utterly null and 
void. And in such case it shall and may be lawful for said 
Department to serve or cause to be served on the said party 
of the second part a notice in writing declaring that the said 
grant hereinbefore made has become utterly null and void and 
thereupon the said party of the first part, its successor or suc- 
cessors (ninety days' time being first given to the said party 

106 Contract 

of the second part to remove its property therefrom), may 
reenter, and shall again have, repossess and enjoy the premises 
aforementioned, the same as in their first and former estate, 
and in like manner as though these presents had never been 
made, without let or hindrance of the said party of the 
second part, anything here contained to the contrary notwith- 

Ninthly. — And it is further expressly understood and agreed, 
by and between the parties hereto, that this agreement may be 
wholly canceled and annulled, or, from time to time, altered, 
or modified, as may be agreed, in writing, between the said 
parties, or their successors, anything herein contained to the 
contrary in anywise notwithstanding. 

In witness whereof , the party of the first part hath caused this 
agreement to be executed by their President and Secretary, 
pursuant to a resolution of the Board of Commissioners of said 
Department, adopted at a meeting held on the thirtieth day 
of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hun- 
dred and seventy-eight; and the said party of the second part 
hath caused the same to be executed by their President, and 
their official seal affixed thereto, pursuant to a resolution of the 
Trustees of the American Museum of Natural History, adopted 
at a meeting held on the twelfth day of February, in the year 
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-seven. 

In presence of JAMES F. WENMAN, 

D. PORTER LORD. President Department of Public Parks 

of the City of New York. 


Secretary Department of Public Parks 
of the City of New York. 


: of the American : , 

: Museum of : President American Museum of 

• Natural History j Natural History. 

Contract 107 

State of New York, \ 

City and County of New York, j s ' 

On this 12th day of February, in the year 1878, before me personally came 
James F. Wenman, President of the Department of Public Parks of the City of 
New York, and William Irwin, Secretary of the said Department of Public 
Parks, with both of whom I am personally acquainted, and both of whom being 
by me duly sworn, said that they reside in the City and County of New York ; 
that the said James F. Wenman is the President, and the said William Irwin is 
the Secretary of the said Department of Public Parks, and that they signed 
their names to the foregoing agreement by order of the Board of Commis- 
sioners of the said Department of Public Parks, as such President and 


[SEAL.] (73) Notary Public N. Y. Co. 

State of New York, ) 

City and County of New York, ) 

On this 12th day of February, in the year 1878, before me personally came 
Robert L. Stuart, the President of the American Museum of Natural History, 
with whom I am personally acquainted, who being by me duly sworn, said that 
he resides in the City and County of New York, that he is the President of the 
American Museum of Natural History, and that he knows the corporate seal 
of said museum, that the seal affixed to the foregoing agreement is such corpo- 
rate seal, that it is affixed thereto by order of the Board of Trustees of said 
American Museum of Natural History, and that he signed his name thereto 
by the like order, as President of said Museum. 


[seal.] (73) Notary Public N. Y. Co. 

Recorded in the office of the Register of the City and County of New York 
in Liber 1426 of Cons., page 402, February 16, A. D. 1878, at 9 o'clock A.M., 
and examined. 

Witness my hand and official seal, 


[SEAL.] Register. 

Note. — July 25, 1S92, by consent of the Trustees, section fourth was modi- 
fied to enable the Trustees to open the Museum free to the public "throughout 
the year, excepting Mondays, but including Sunday afternoons and two even- 
ings of each week." 

June 29, 1893, by consent of the Trustees, section fourth was modified to 
enable the Trustees to open the Museum free of charge to the public " through- 
out the year for five days in each week, one of which shall be Sunday afternoon, 
and also two evenings of each week." 



American Museum of Natural History 

Amended May 10, 1909 


This Corporation shall be styled The American Museum of 
Natural History. 


The several persons named in the charter, and such others 
as they may add to their number, which shall not exceed 
twenty-five in all at one time, and in addition, the Mayor, the 
Comptroller, and the President of the Department of Public 
Parks, of the City of New York, for the time being, ex-officio, 
shall be the Trustees to manage the affairs, property and 
business of the Corporation. 

The members of the Board of Trustees holding office at 
the time of the regular quarterly meeting of November, 1905, 
shall then, or at the first meeting of the Board thereafter, be 
divided by lot into five classes of five members each, to serve 
for the terms of one, two, three, four and five years respec- 
tively from the date of the annual meeting of February, 1906. 
The Board of Trustees at each annual meeting thereafter, or 
an adjournment thereof, shall by ballot, by a majority vote of 
the Trustees present at the meeting, elect five Trustees to 
supply the places of the class whose term expires at that meet- 
ing; said newly elected Trustees to hold office for five years 
or until their successors are elected. In case of a vacancy in 
the Board by death, resignation, disqualification or otherwise, 
the vacancy shall be filled by ballot, in like manner, by the 
Board of Trustees at any regular meeting or special meeting, 
for the unexpired term. No person shall be eligible for elec- 
tion as Trustee who shall not be a " Patron " of the Museum, 
unless by a unanimous vote of a quorum of the Board, nor be 


Constitution 109 

eligible unless his name shall be presented by the Nominat- 
ing Committee at a regular or special meeting of the Board 
previous to the meeting at which his name shall be acted 
upon. Written notice of such election and the vacancy to 
be filled shall be sent to the Trustees at least one week prior 
to said meeting. 


The Trustees shall meet quarterly, on the second Monday 
of every February, May, August and November, at an hour 
and place to be designated, on at least one week's written 
notice from the Secretary, and shall annually, at the quarterly 
meeting in February, elect the officers and committees for 
the ensuing year. They shall also meet at any other time to 
transact special business on a call of the Secretary, who shall 
issue such call whenever requested so to do, in writing, by five 
Trustees, or by the President, and give written notice to each 
Trustee of such special meeting, and of the object thereof, at 
least three days before the meeting is held. 


Section i. The officers of said Corporation shall be a 
President, a First Vice-President, a Second Vice-President, a 
Treasurer and a Secretary. The President and Vice-Presidents 
shall be elected from among the Trustees. The Treasurer 
and Secretary may or may not be chosen from such Trustees. 
These officers shall be elected by ballot, and the persons hav- 
ing a majority of the votes cast shall be deemed duly elected. 
They shall hold their offices for one year or until their suc- 
cessors shall be elected. 

Sec. 2. The Board of Trustees shall appoint each year, in 
such manner as it may direct, the following Standing Com- 
mittees: an Executive Committee, an Auditing Committee, a 
Finance Committee, a Nominating Committee. These Com- 
mittees are all to be elected from the Trustees, and the mem- 
bers shall hold office for one year or until their successors 
shall be elected. 

no Constitution 

The Board of Trustees shall also have authority to appoint 
such other committees or officers as they may at any time 
deem desirable, and to delegate to them such powers as may 
be necessary. 


Section i. The President shall have a general supervision 
and direction over the affairs of the Corporation, and shall 
preside at all the meetings of the Museum and of the Trustees. 
In his absence or inability to act, the First or Second Vice- 
President shall act in his place. 

Sec. 2. The Secretary shall be present, unless otherwise 
ordered by the Board, at all the meetings of the Museum and 
Trustees, of the Executive Committee and such other Com- 
mittees as the Board may direct. He shall keep a careful 
record of the proceedings of such meetings, shall preserve the 
seal, archives and correspondence of the Museum, shall issue 
notices for all meetings of the Trustees and various commit- 
tees, and shall perform such other duties as the Board may 

The Board of Trustees shall have power to appoint an 
Assistant Secretary, who, under its direction, shall perform 
the duties of the Secretary in his absence or inability to act. 

Sec. 3. The Treasurer shall receive and disburse the funds 
of the Museum. He shall report in writing, at each quarterly 
meeting of the Trustees, the balance of money on hand, and 
the outstanding obligations of the Museum, as far as practi- 
cable; and shall make a full report at the annual meeting of 
the receipts and disbursements of the past year, with such 
suggestions as to the financial management of the Museum as 
he may deem proper. 

Sec 4. The accounts of the Museum shall be kept at the 
General Office, in books belonging to it, which shall at all 
times be open to the inspection of the Trustees. 

These accounts shall be under the care of an Assistant 
Treasurer, who shall be appointed by the Board of Trustees 
and be under its direction. He shall give such bonds for 
the faithful performance of his duties as the Board may direct. 

Constitution 1 1 1 

Sec. 5. The offices of Secretary and Assistant Treasurer 
may be held by the same person. 


The Executive Committee shall consist of nine Trustees, of 
whom the President, First and Second Vice-Presidents and 
Treasurer, in case he be a Trustee, shall be four, and five other 
members to be appointed each year in the manner provided in 
Article IV. They shall have the control and regulation of 
the collections, library and other property of the Museum; 
and shall have power to purchase, sell and exchange speci- 
mens and books, to employ agents, to regulate the manner 
and terms of exhibiting the Museum to the public, and gen- 
erally to carry out in detail the directions of the Trustees; 
but the Executive Committee shall not incur any expense or 
liability for the Museum exceeding two thousand dollars at 
one time, or exceeding in all ten thousand dollars, in the inter- 
val between the quarterly meetings of the Trustees, without 
the express sanction of the Trustees. Five members of the 
Committee shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of 


The Auditing Committee shall consist of three Trustees. 
They shall have the books of the Museum duly audited, at 
least once in six months, by an authorized public accountant 
to be selected by them. 

No bills shall be paid unless approved, in writing, by the 
President, the Chairman of the Executive Committee, or the 


The Finance Committee shall consist of four Trustees, in- 
cluding the Treasurer in case he be a Trustee. They shall 
have general charge of the moneys and securities of the En- 
dowment and other permanent funds of the Museum, and such 
real estate as may become the property of the Corporation, 
with authority to invest, sell and reinvest the same, subject 
to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

112 Constitution 


The Nominating Committee shall be composed of three 
Trustees, to whom shall be first submitted the names of any 
persons proposed as candidates for election to membership in 
the Board of Trustees. The Committee shall report on such 
candidates from time to time, as it may deem to be for the 
interest of the Museum. A fortnight before the annual meet- 
ing they shall prepare and mail to each member of the Board 
of Trustees a list of five candidates to be elected by ballot at 
the said meeting. 


The President shall be a member, ex-officio, of all standing 


Nine Trustees shall constitute a quorum for the transaction 
of business, but five Trustees meeting may adjourn and trans- 
act current business, subject to the subsequent approval of a 
meeting at which a quorum shall be present. 


By-Laws may be made from time to time by the Trustees 
providing for the care and management of the property of the 
Corporation and for the government of its affairs, and may 
be amended at any meeting of the Trustees by a vote of a 
majority of those present, after a month's notice in writing of 
such proposed amendment. 


Any person contributing or devising $50,000 in cash, securi- 
ties or property to the funds of the Museum may be elected a 
Benefactor of the Museum. 

Any person contributing $1,000 to the funds of the Museum, 
at one time, may be elected a Patron of the Museum, who 
shall have the right in perpetuity to appoint the successor in 
such patronship. 

Constitution 113 

Any person contributing $500, at one time, may be elected 
a Fellow, who shall have the right to appoint one successor 
in such fellowship. 

No appointment of a successor shall be valid unless the same 
shall be in writing, endorsed on the certificate, or by the last will 
and testament. 

Any person contributing $100, at one time, may be elected 
a Life Member. 

Any person may be elected to the above degrees, who shall 
have given to the Museum books or specimens, which shall 
have been accepted by the Executive Committee, or by the 
President, to the value of twice the amount in money requisite 
to his admission to the same degree. 

Benefactors, Patrons, Fellows and Life Members shall be 
elected by the Board of Trustees or by the Executive Com- 
mittee, and the President and Secretary shall issue diplomas 
accordingly under the seal of the Museum. 

The Trustees may also elect Honorary Fellows of the 
Museum in their discretion. 


Any person who has held the office of President for ten or 
more successive years may be elected by the Trustees as 
Honorary President for life. 


No alterations shall be made in this Constitution, unless at 
a regular quarterly meeting of the Trustees, or at a special 
meeting called for this purpose; nor by the votes of less than 
a majority of all the Trustees ; nor without notice in writing of 
the proposed alteration, embodying the amendment proposed 
to be made, having been given at a regular meeting. 


Amended May 10, 1909 

Benefactors, giving $50,000, are each entitled to 1 Sub- 
scriber's Ticket, 10 Complimentary Season Tickets and 10 
Tickets for a single admission. 

Patrons, giving $1,000, are each entitled to 1 Subscriber's 
Ticket, 5 Complimentary Season Tickets and 10 Tickets for 
a single admission. 

Fellows, giving $500, are each entitled to 1 Subscriber's 
Ticket and 10 Tickets for a single admission. 

Life Members, giving $100, are each entitled to 1 Sub- 
scriber's Ticket and 7 Tickets for a single admission. 

Sustaining Members, paying $25 yearly, are each entitled to 
1 Subscriber's Ticket and 5 Tickets for a single admission. 

Annual Members, paying $10 yearly, are each entitled to 1 
Subscriber's Ticket and 4 Tickets for a single admission. 

[Note. — A Subscriber's Ticket admits to the laboratories and parts of 
the Museum not open to the public, also to all Receptions and Special 
Exhibitions, and may be used by any member of the Subscriber's family. 

The Single Admission Tickets admit the bearers to the laboratories 
and parts of the Museum not open to the public, and are issued to Sub- 
scribers for distribution among friends and visitors.] 


Any Trustee who shall fail to attend three consecutive 
Regular Quarterly Meetings of the Board shall cease to be 
a Trustee, unless excused by the Board. 


No indebtedness (other than for current expenses) shall be 
incurred by any committee, officer or employee of the Museum, 
except as provided for in the Constitution. Any desired addi- 
tional expenditure shall first receive the approval of the Board 

of Trustees. 


By-Laws 115 


If any Trustee shall accept a salary from this Corporation 
he shall thereby be disqualified for the time being from acting 
as a Trustee thereof; provided, that the Board of Trustees 
shall have power to suspend the operation of this law in any 
special case. 


Any vacancies occurring in the membership of the several 
committees during the interval between the regular meetings 
of the Board of Trustees may be filled at a regular meeting of 
the Executive Committee, until the next meeting of the 


All bequests or legacies, not especially designated, shall 
hereafter be applied to the Permanent Endowment Fund, the 
interest only of which shall be applied to the use of the 
Museum as the Board shall direct. 


At such times as it may be impracticable to obtain the ser- 
vices of the members of the Auditing Committee, the mem- 
bers of the Executive Committee may act in their place and 





By the Board of Aldermen 

An Ordinance providing for an issue of Corporate Stock in the sum of 
five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000), to provide means for the equipping 
and finishing of The American Museum of Natural History in Manhattan 
Square, Borough of Manhattan, and the construction of additions thereto. 

Be it ordained by the Board of Aldermen of the City of New York as 
follows : 

Section i. The Board of Aldermen hereby approves of and concurs in 
the following resolution adopted by the Board of Estimate and Apportion- 
ment March 16, 1905, and authorizes the Comptroller to issue Corporate 
Stock of The City of New York to the amount and for the purposes therein 
specified : 

"Resolved, That, pursuant to the provisions of section 47 of the Greater 
New York Charter, as amended by chapter 409 of the Laws of 1904, the 
Board of Estimate and Apportionment hereby approves of the issue of 
Corporate Stock of the City of New York, to an amount not exceeding five 
hundred thousand dollars ($500,000), to provide means for the equipping and 
furnishing of The American Museum of Natural History in Manhattan Square, 
Borough of Manhattan, and the construction of additions thereto, and that 
when authority therefor shall have been obtained from the Board of Aldermen, 
the Comptroller is authorized to issue Corporate Stock of the City of New 
York, in the manner provided by section 169 of the Greater New York 
Charter, to an amount not exceeding five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000), 
the proceeds whereof to be applied to the purposes aforesaid." 

Adopted by the Board of Aldermen April 11, 1905, a majority of all the 
members elected voting in favor thereof. 

Approved by the Mayor April 18, 1905. (Signed) P. J. Scully, Clerk. 

Contracts awarded to December 31, 1910. 

For the erection of Fire Lines, Sprinkler System, Fire Escapes, etc. 
Contract awarded R. J. F. Gerstle Company, November 26, 1905, $19,838. 
Completed January 11, 1907. 

For the erection and completion of a New Wing, to be known as the South 
Wing of the West Facade, and a Permanent Cellar Passageway running there- 
from in northerly and easterly direction. 

Contract awarded Guidone & Galardi, May 22, 1906, $325,000. 

Completed June 6, 1908. 

For the construction of a Service Roadway from Ninth Avenue to and 
under the New South Wing of the West Facade. 

Contract awarded Atlanta Contracting Company, July I, 1909, $26, 100. 
Completed May 29, 1910. 


TO DECEMBER 31, 1910 


By Direct Appropriation $500,000 00 

Premiums on Sale of Bonds 11,090 63 

$511,090 63 

Guidone & Galardi $325,600 00 

Charles Volz, Architect's Fees. . . . 16,279 95 

R. J. F. Gerstle Co 19,838 00 

Charles Volz, Architect's Fees. . . . 991 89 

Atlanta Contracting Co 26,100 00 

Charles Volz, Architect's Fees. . . . 1.304 99 

Cady, Berg & See 6,935 71 

Harlem Contracting Co 4.430 27 

George H. Storm & Co 1,725 16 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 1,696 77 

M. G. Reeves 1 , 596 00 

Connecticut Dynamo & Motor Co. . 875 09 

Museum Orders 39,9°3 77 

Carpenters' Payroll, etc 62,779 7^ 

$510,117 38 

Outstanding Contracts (Harlem 

Contracting Co.) 222 67 $510,34005 

Available Balance Dec. 31, 1910 $750 58 



By the Board of Aldermen 

An Ordinance providing for an issue of Corporate Stock in the sum of 
one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), to provide means for furnishing and 
equipping The American Museum of Natural History, Seventy-seventh Street 
and Columbus Avenue, Borough of Manhattan. 

Be it ordained by the Board of Aldermen of The City of New York as 

Section i. The Board of Aldermen hereby approves of and concurs in 
the following resolution adopted by the Board of Estimate and Apportion- 
ment July 2, 1909, and authorizes the Comptroller to issue Corporate Stock of 
The City of New York to the amount and for the purposes therein specified: 

"Resolved, That, pursuant to the provisions of section 47 of the Greater 
New York Charter, as amended, the Board of Estimate and Apportionment 
hereby approves of the issue of Corporate Stock of The City of New York, 
to an amount not exceeding one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), to 
provide means for furnishing and equipping The American Museum of Natural 
History, Seventy-seventh Street and Columbus Avenue, Borough of Manhattan, 
and when authority therefor shall have been obtained from the Board of Alder- 
men, the Comptroller is authorized to issue Corporate Stock of The City of 
New York, in the manner provided by section 169 of the Greater New York 
Charter, to an amount not exceeding one hundred thousand dollars ($too,ooo), 
the proceeds whereof to be applied to the purposes aforesaid." 

Adopted by the Board of Aldermen July 13, 1909, a majority of all the 
members elected voting in favor thereof. 

Approved by the Mayor July 26, 1909. 

(Signed) P. J. Scully, Clerk. 


TO DECEMBER 31, 1910 


By Direct Appropriation $100,000 00 

Premiums on Sale of Bonds 445 84 

$100,445 84 

John F. Kuhn $ 1,643 00 

Museum Orders 11,164 02 

Carpenters' Payrolls, etc 28,829 49 

$41,636 51 
Outstanding Contracts: 

Peter J. Constant $1,681 91 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 2,705 98 

Cardo Borgia Stone Co 1.552 10 

Peter J. Constant 836 00 

Library Bureau 989 62 

$7,765 61 $49,402 12 

Available Balance Dec. 31, 1910 $51,043 72 




By contribution o/$i,000 or upwards, or through honorary 


Edward D. Adams. 

John Anderson.* 

James Angus.* 

Hicks Arnold.* 

Richard Arnold.* 

William H. Aspinwall.* 

John Jacob Astor.* 

William Waldorf Astor. 

Hugh Auchincloss.* 

Benjamin Aymar.* 

Mrs. Guy Ellis Baker. 

A. H. Barney.* 

D. N. Barney.* 

James Gordon Bennett. 

Frederick Billings.* 

Heber R. Bishop.* 

George Bliss.* 

George T. Bliss.* 

Miss Susan Dwight Bliss. 

William T. Blodgett.* 

Robert Bonner.* 

Henry Booth. 

M. C. D. Borden. 

J. A. Bostwick.* 

George S. Bowdoin. 

George Dexter Bradford.* 

Alex. H. Brown, M.P. 

James Brown.* 

Miss Matilda W. Bruce.* 

Hermon C. Bumpus. 

John L. Cadwalader. 

Mrs. Carnegie. 

Dr. Walter Channing. 

Joseph H. Choate. 

Edward Clark.* 

Jonas G. Clark.* 

James B. Colgate.* 

Robert Colgate.* 

Frederick A. Constable.* 

Mrs. Frederick A. Constable. 

James M. Constable.* 

George C. Cooper.* 

Peter Cooper.* 

* Deceased 

Austin Corbin.* 
Alexander I. Cotheal.* 
John D. Crimmins. 
John J. Crooke. 
Cornelius C. Cuyler.* 
Thomas De Witt Cuyler. 
w. m. dongan de peyster. 
L. P. di Cesnola.* 
A. G. Phelps Dodge. 
Cleveland H. Dodge. 
William E. Dodge, ist.* 
William E. Dodge, 2d.* 
Mrs. William E. Dodge.* 
James Douglas. 
Andrew E. Douglass.* 
Joseph W. Drexel.* 
D. G. Elliot. 
Mrs. M. Schuyler Elliot. 
James R. Ely. 

Lieut. G. T. Emmons, U.S.N. 
Benjamin H. Field.* 
Cyrus W. Field.* 
Cyrus W. Field, Jr.* 


Henry C. Frick. 

William T. Garner.* 

Elbridge T. Gerry. 

Robert W. Goelet. 

Ludwig Max Goldberger. 

George J. Gould. 

John A. C. Gray.* 

William A. Haines.* 

Anson W. Hard. 

Oliver Harriman.* 

Henr\ O. Havemeyer.* 

Theodore A. Havemeyer.* 

George G. Haven.* 

George A. Hearn. 

Abram S. Hewitt.* 

Mrs. Abram S. Hewitt. 

VeryRev. E. A. Hoffman, D. D. , LL. D. 

Mrs. Eugene A. Hoffman. 

Samuel V. Hoffman. 


Archer M. Huntington. 

C. P. Huntington.* 
Mrs. C. P. Huntington. 
B. H. Hutton.* 

B. T. Babbitt Hyde. 
Dr. Frederick E. Hyde. 
Frederick E. Hyde, Jr. 
James H. Hyde. 
Adrian Iselin.* 
Adrian Iselin, Jr. 
Arthur Curtiss James. 

D. Willis James.* 
Charles M. Jesup. 
Morris K. Jesup.* 
Mrs. Morris K. Jesup. 
H. J. Jewett.* 

J. Taylor Johnston.* 

A. D. Juilliard. 

James R. Keene. 

Gustav E. Kissel. 

Chas. G. Landon.* 

Charles Lanier. 

Lord Leith of Fyvie. 

James Lenox.* 

Adolph Lewisohn. 

Com. C. A. M. Liebrechts. 

Joseph F. Loubat. 

Seth Low, LL.D. 

Princess Vilma Lwoff-Parlaghy. 

John B. Marcou. 

Phillipe Marcou. 

Edward Matthews. 

Francis O. Matthiessen.* 

George B. McClellan. 

Dr. Edgar A. Mearns, U.S.A. 

Herman A. Metz. 

D. O. Mills.* 

Ogden Mills. 

Mason Mitchell. 

J. Pierpont Morgan. 

J. Pierpont Morgan, Jr. 

Henry Fairfield Osborn. 

Wm. Church Osborn. 

Mrs. Wm. H. Osborn.* 

Oswald Ottendorfer.* 

John E. Parsons. 

George Foster Peabody. 

* Deceased 

Dr. Wm. Pepper.* 

I. N. Phelps.* 

S. Whitney Phcenix.* 

Henry Clay Pierce. 

Henry W. Poor. 

Percy R. Pyne.* 

Percy R. Pyne. 

J. Hampden Robb. 

Coleman T. Robinson.* 

John D. Rockefeller. 

John D. Rockefeller, Jr. 

Wm. Rockefeller. 

Col. Archibald Rogers. 

Theodore Roosevelt.* 

Theodore Roosevelt. 

Mrs. Russell Sage. 

Wm. Schaus. 

William C. Schermerhorn.* 

Jacob H. Schiff. 

Henry Seligman. 

Jesse Seligman.* 

Edward M. Shepard. 

Benjamin B. Sherman.* 

Wm. D. Sloane. 

James Baker Smith.* 

Catherine L. Spencer.* 

Frederic W. Stevens. 

D. Jackson Steward.* 

A. T. Stewart.* 

James Stokes.* 

J. G. Phelps Stokes. 

Alexander Stuart.* 

Robert L. Stuart.* 

Mrs. Robert L. Stuart.* 

Appleton Sturgis.* 

Dr. Elizabeth M. Sturgis. 

Mrs. Frank K. Sturgis. 

John T. Terry, Jr. 

Rev. Roderick Terry, D.D. 

Mrs. F. F. Thompson. 

Edwin Thorne. 

Joel Wolfe Thorne. 

Jonathan Thorne.* 

Jonathan Thorne. 

Miss Phebe Anna Thorne.* 

Samuel Thorne. 

Victor Corse Thorne. 


John B. Trevor.* 
John B. Trevor. 
Mrs. John B. Trevor. 
Mrs. John B. Trevor. 
C. Vanderbilt.* 
Geo. W. Vanderbilt. 
W. K. Vanderbilt. 
Harold Garrison Villard. 

Henry Villard.* 
Felix M. Warburg. 
Edwin H. Weatherbee. 
Dr. William M. Wheeler. 
William C. Whitney.* 
George W. Wickersham. 
Richard T. Wilson.* 
Miss C. L. Wolfe.* 

John D. Wolfe.* 


By contribution of 
John Alstyne.* 
Samuel P. Avery.* 
Charles T. Barney.* 
Thomas Barron.* 
Cortlandt Field Bishop. 
David Wolfe Bishop. 
George Bliss.* 
Robert S, Brewster. 
Stewart Brown.* 
Wm. Lanman Bull. 
John L. Cadwalader. 
James C. Carter.* 
Charles W. Cass.* 
George W. Cass.* 
Prof. Chas. F. Chandler. 
Mrs. Geo. W. Collord.* 
Hanson K. Corning.* 
Mrs. Richard P. Dana.* 
Alfred B. Darling.* 
Wm. Earl Dodge, 4th. 
Abram Dubois.* 
Cyrus W. Field, Jr.* 
Josiah M. Fiske.* 
H. M. Flagler. 
Robert Gordon. 
George G. Gray.* 
Charles W. Griswold.* 
James B. Haggin. 
F. R. Halsey. 
Miss Laura P. Halsted. 
Wm. H. Harbeck.* 
Mrs. Henry O. Havemeyer. 
Samuel Hawk.* 

Very Rev. E. A. Hoffman, 

D.D., LL. 

* Deceased 

, or through honorary election 
H. B. Hollins. 
Meredith Howland.* 
Samuel N. Hoyt. * 
D. B. Ivison.* 
Charles M. Jesup. 
Aymar Johnson. 
James H. Jones. 
Gouverneur Kemble.* 
Robert Lenox Kennedy.* 
Wheaton B. Kunhardt. 
Prof. William Libbey, Jr. 
A. A. Low.* 
Henry G. Marquand.* 
Samuel F. B. Morse.* 
Richard Mortimer, Jr. 
Levi P. Morton. 
Francis Child Nicholas, Ph.D. 
Lloyd Phcenix. 
Phillips Phcenix. 
Henry W. Poor. 
Howard Potter.* 
O. B. Potter.* 
Dr. William W. Radloff. 
Marshall O. Roberts.* 
John D. Rockefeller. 
C. V. S. Roosevelt.* 
F. Augustus Schermerhorn. 


Mrs. Harriet L. Schuyler. 
Philip Schuyler.* 
Charles H. Senff. 
Elliott F. Shepard.* 
John Sloane.* 
John Sneden.* 
Charles D. Stickney. 



Miss Caroline Phelps Stokes.* 
Miss Olivia E. Phelps Stokes. 
Mrs. Frank K. Sturgis. 


John T. Terry. 
Lewis S. Thompson. 
James Thomson.* 
Tiffany & Co. 

Lucius Tuckerman.* 

H. McK. Twombly.* 

Gen. Egbert L. Viele, U.S.A.* 

Thos. A. Vyse, Jr. 

Samuel Willets.* 

Mrs. Robert Winthrop. 

R. A. Witthaus, M.D. 

Miss Carola Woerishoffer. 


Dr. Bashford Dean. 

Baron Ludovic Moncheur. 


By contribution of $100, or through honorary election 

Ernest Kempton Adams.* 

C. R. Agnew. 

G. B. Agnew. 

John E. Alexandre.* 

Admiral E. Alexeieff. 

Richard H. Allen.* 

Bernard G. Amend. 

F. Lothrof Ames. 

Larz Anderson. 

Mrs. Blanche L. Andrews.* 

Constant A. Andrews. 

Francis R. Appleton. 

Mrs. Martin Archer-Shee. 

Allison V. Armour. 

S. T. Armstrong, M.D. 

Benjamin Walworth Arnold. 

B. G. Arnold.* 

John Jacob Astor. 

J. T. Atterbury. 

Mrs. Emma B. Auchincloss. 

Hugh D. Auchincloss. 

Miss Florence Audubon. 

Miss Maria R. Audubon. 

Samuel P. Avery.* 

Samuel P. Avery. 

Mrs. James C. Ayer.* 

Miss E. Aymar. 

James A. Bailey.* 

Jas. Muhlenberg Bailey. 

Geo. F. Baker, Jr. 

Edwin Swift Balch. 

Joseph C. Baldwin. 

* Deceased 

David Banks. 

Henry I. Barbey.* 

Mrs. P. Hackley Barhydt. 

Thomas Baring. 

Fordyce Barker, M.D.* 

Miss Cora F. Barnes. 

John S. Barnes. 

John Hendley Barnhart, M.D. 

J. O. Bartholomew.* 

W. H. Beadleston.* 

George E. Belcher, M.D.* 

Bertrand F. Bell. 

C. M. Bell, M.D.* 

Dennistoun M. Bell. 

Gordon Knox Bell. 

August Belmont. 

Theodore Berdell.* 

John E. Berwind. 

Samuel R. Betts. 

Lynford Biddle. 

W. Lyman Biddle. 

Mrs. Albert Bierstadt. 

John Bigelow. 

Miss Elizabeth Billings. 

Frederick Billings. 

Mrs. Emmons Blaine. 

J. Insley Blair. 

T. W. Blake. 

Miss Catherine A. Bliss. 

Cornelius N. Bliss. 

Cornelius N. Bliss, Jr. 

George Blumenthal. 


Life Members 

Edward C. Bohde. 

A. K. Bolan. * 
George C. Boldt. 
W. B. Bourn. 
Frederick G. Bourne. 
Mrs. Temple Bowdoin. 
George W. Brackenridge. 
Mrs. Wm. H. Bradford, Sr. 
Henri M. Braem.* 
Courtney Brandreth. 
Benjamin Brewster. 
George S. Brewster. 
William Brewster. 
Charles Lyman Brinsmade. 
Chas. P. Britton. 
Addison Brown. 
Dickson Q. Brown. 
Frank G. Brown.* 

Geo. McKesson Brown. 
George H. Brown.* 
James M. Brown.* 
J. Hull Browning. 
Miss Matilda W. Bruce.* 
David Loney Bruce-Brown. 
Williamson Buckman. 
R. L. Burton. 
Joseph Bushnell. 
Thomas C. Bushnell.* 

B. H. Buxton. 

John L. Cadwalader. 
Mrs. Alex. Cameron. 
Miss Katharine L. Cammann. 
Chas. M. Cauldwell, M.D. 
Isaac P. Chambers.* 

C. W. Chapin, Jr. 
S. B. Chapin. 

Mrs. Geo. H. Chatillon. 
Henry Chauncey. 
J. E. Childs. 
Hugh J. Chisholm. 
E. Dwight Church.* 
Frederic E. Church.* 
James A. Church. 
Lester B. Churchill. 
Augustus L. Clarkson. 
Banyer Clarkson. 
George C. Clausen. 


Chas. D. Cleveland. 

Treadwell Cleveland. 

Henry Clews. 

W. R. Coe. 

Charles L. Colby.* 

W. W. Cole. 

Bird S. Coler. 

Edward Colgate.* 

Richard M. Colgate. 

William Colgate. 

Miss Georgette T. A. Collier. 

Miss Ellen Collins. 

Samuel D. Collins. 

George W. Collord. 

Samuel Pomeroy Colt. 

Mrs. William Combe. 

Fred. H. Comstock. 

Washington E. Connor. 

Charles H. Contoit.* 

Wm. L. Conyngham.* 

Henry H. Cook.* 

C. Forster Cooper. 

Edward Cooper.* 

Theodore Cooper. 

R. R. Cornell. 

John J. Corning. 

Mrs. Sally Morris Cory. 

Alex. I. Cotheal.* 

Miss Ellen H. Cotheal. 

Davies Coxe, M.D.* 

Mrs. Davies Coxe. 

S. D. Coykendall. 

William R. Craig. 

Zenas Crane. 

Frederic Cromwell. 

James Cruikshank.* 

Chas. M. Da Costa.* 

Alfred G. Dale. 

A. Dalrymple.* 

Benjamin P. Davis.* 

Edmund W. Davis.* 

Wm. T. Davis. 

Chas. Stewart Davison. 

Henry J. Davison.* 

Thompson Dean.* 

Edward J. de Coppet. 

George B. de Forest. 

Life Members 

I2 5 

S. DeJonge. 

Albert Delafield. 

Lewis L. Delafield. 

Henri Deckert de la Meillaie. 

Eugene Delano. 

J. H. De Mott.* 

William Demuth. 

Gen. J. Watts de Peyster.* 

Henry A. C. de Rubio. 

F. W. Devoe. 

William G. De Witt. 

Anthony Dey. 

W. B. Dickerman. 

J. W. DlMICK. 

Cleveland H. Dodge. 

Marcellus Hartley Dodge. 

Norman W. Dodge.* 

Peter Doelger. 

Peter Donald. 

T. E. Donne. 

e. j. donnell.* 

James Douglas. 

Andrew E. Douglass.* 

Mrs. Henry Draper. 

Miss Ethel Du Bois. 

William A. Du Bois. 

Edward L. Dufourcq. 

A. Radclyffe Dugmore. 

R. G. Dun.* 

Wm. Butler Duncan. 

Dr. Carroll Dunham. 

Dr. Edward K. Dunham. 

James H. Dunham.* 

Dr. Theodore Dunham. 

Geo. Elsworth Dunscombe. 

Thomas T. Eckert, Jr. 

Mrs. David S. Egleston. 

George Ehret. 

Carl Eickemeyer. 

Samuel Elliott. 

James W- Ellsworth. 

Ambrose K. Ely.* 

Amos F. Eno. 

Dr. Henry C. Eno. 

Wm. P. Eno. 

A. F. Estabrook. 

Allen W. Evarts. 

Alessandro Fabbri. 

Mrs. Ernest A. Fairchild. 

Edward J. Farrell. 

Daniel B. Fearing. 

Rev. Dr. Henry Ferguson. 

Cortlandt de Peyster Field. 

John Fitch.* 

Wm. L. Flanagan.* 

Prof. A. E. Foote.* 

James B. Ford. 

James Fraser.* 

C. Lincoln Free. 

Francis P. Freeman.* 

Mrs. John French. 

Seth Barton French.* 

Childs Frick. 

Arthur D. Gabay. 

George Garr.* 

E. H. Gary. 

I. E. Gates. 

William H. Gebhard.* 

Theodore K. Gibbs.* 

Parke Godwin.* 

P. J. Goodhart. 

Dr. Frederic G. Goodridge. 

James J. Goodwin. 

Stephen T. Gordon.* 

George Scott Graham. 

Madison Grant. 

Norman Grant. 

Horace Gray.* 

John Clinton Gray. 

Andrew H. Green.* 

Morris M. Green. 

John Greenough. 

Franklin U. Gregory. 

T. A. Griffin. 

John N. A. Griswold.* 

James B. M. Grosvenor.* 

Daniel Guggenheim. 

S. R. Guggenheim. 

Bernard G. Gunther. 

Franklin L, Gunther. 

William D. Guthrie. 

Alex. Hadden, M.D. 

John A. Hadden.* 

Miss E. S. Haines. 

* Deceased 


Life Members 

John P. Haines. 

Richard T. Haines.* 

W. A. Haines. 

Mrs. W. A. Haines.* 

Miss Laura P. Halsted. 

William M. Halsted.* 

William Gaston Hamilton. 

J. Horace Harding. 

Chas. W. Harkness. 

Mrs. Edward S. Harkness. 

Mrs. W. L. Harkness. 

Charles J. Harrah. 

E. H. Harriman.* 

Alan C. Harris. 

Francis B. Harrison. 

Benjamin Hart.* 

Dr. Louis Haupt. 

Frederick C. Havemeyer.* 

William F. Havemeyer. 

Jacob Hays.* 

Mrs. E. Herrman. 

George G. Heye. 

Charles C. Hibbard.* 

James J. Higginson. 

Hugh Hill. 

Frederic Delano Hitch. 

Very Rev. E. A. Hoffman, 

Geo. B. Hopkins. D.D., LL.D.* 

Theo. D. Howell.* 

Mrs. Florence Howland. 

George T. Howland, M.D. 

Alfred M. Hoyt.* 

Alfred W. Hoyt. 

John Sherman Hoyt. 

Mark Hoyt.* 

Theodore R. Hoyt. 

John Hubbard. 

Gen. Thomas H. Hubbard. 

Dr. Alex. C. Humphreys. 

Richard S. Hungerford. 

Wilson G. Hunt.* 

Archer M. Huntington. 

C. P. Huntington.* 

H. E. Huntington. 

Frank D. Hurtt. 

Karl Hutter. 

Clarence M. Hyde.* 

* Deceased 

Dr. Frederick E. Hyde. 
James H. Hyde. 
Henry Iden. 
George Iles. 

W. B. ISHAM.* 

D. B. Ivison.* 

Theo. F. Jackson. 

V. H. Jackson, M.D., D.D.S. 

A. Jacobi, M.D. 

Miss Laura Jacobi. 

M. R. Jacobus. 

Arthur Curtiss James. 

Dr. Walter B. James. 

O. G. Jennings. 

Mrs. Oliver G. Jennings. 

Mrs. James R. Jesup. 

Miss C. O. Jones. 

Chas. H. Kalbfleisch.* 

Mrs. John Innes Kane. 

Mrs. E. Keep-Schley.* 

George Kemp.* 

Frederic H. Kennard. 

John S. Kennedy.* 

Rudolph Keppler. 

George A. Kessler. 

Nathaniel T. Kidder. 

John King.* 

John Alsop King.* 

A. C. Kingsland. * 

Wm. M. Kingsland.* 

D. P. Kingsley. 

Stanton D. Kirkham. 

William Adams Kissam. 

Percival Knauth.* 

Theodor Whitman Knauth. 

George T. Knight. 

James Knight, M.D.* 

H. R. Kunhardt, Jr. 

George F. Kunz. 

Woodbury G. Langdon. 

Dr. F. Lange. 

Jacob Langeloth. 

Joseph Larocque.* 

John Burling Lawrence. 

Mrs. Samuel Lawrence. 

James M. Lawton.* 

S. M. Lehman. 

Life Members 


Stephen R. Lesher.* 
John R. Livermore.* 
Edward de P. Livingston. 
Goodhue Livingston. 
Miss Emma H. Lockwood. 
Morris Loeb. 
Bernard Loth. 
Joseph Loth. 
James Low.* 
Seth Low, LL.D. 
Wm. G. Low. 
Frederic A. Lucas. 
Edward Luckemeyer.* 
Prof. Richard S. Lull. 
David Lydig. 
E. H. R. Lyman.* 
James A. Macdonald. 
Clarence H. Mackay. 
Mary Sutton Macy, M.D. 
V. Everit Macy. 
Mrs. V. Everit Macy. 
Mrs. Wm. H. Macy, Jr. 
Jacob Mahler. 
Alexander Maitland.* 
Godfrey Mannheimer.* 
Peter Marie.* 
Francis H. Markoe, M.D.* 
Henry G. Marquand.* 
Louis Marshall. 
Bradley Martin. 
William C. Martin.* 
George Grant Mason. 
Albert Mathews.* 
E. P. Mathewson. 
George W. Maynard. 
Walter E. Maynard. 
Chas. W. McAlpin. 
Mrs. George McAneny. 
John J. McCook. 
John G. McCullough. 
John B. McDonald. 
Guy R. McLane. 
James McLean. 
Emerson McMillin. 
Mrs. Constance S. Mead. 
John T. Metcalfe, M.D.* 
Dr. A. B. Meyer. 

* Deceased 

Jacob Meyer.* 

Moses Charles Migel. 

Charles Addison Miller.* 

Charles Duncan Miller. 

Dr. Geo. N. Miller. 

A. G. Mills. 

Charles E. Milmine. 

Mrs. J. W. Minturn. 

Robert B. Minturn.* 

Roland G. Mitchell.* 

E. A. Moen.* 

Mrs. Emily H. Moir. 

Charles A. Moore, Jr. 

E. C. Moore.* 

Mrs. E. C. Moore. 

Edward C. Moore, Jr. 

John G. Moore.* 

Charles Moran.* 

Victor Morawetz. 

Miss F. T. Morgan. 

Henry S. Morgan. 

Miss Jane N. Morgan. 

J. Pierpont Morgan, Jr. 

Mrs. J. Pierpont Morgan, Jr. 

J. S. Morgan, Jr. 

Fordham Morris.* 

James Morris.* 

Dr. Lewis R. Morris. 

Mandeville Mower.* 

Alfred H. Mulliken. 

Henry A. Murray. 

J. F. Freire Murta. 

Percy Musgrave. 

Thomas B. Musgrave.* 

Nathaniel Cushing Nash. 

W. B. Neftel, M.D.* 

Abram G. Nesbitt. 

H. Victor Newcomb. 

Acosta Nichols. 

John Treadwell Nichols. 

Morton C. Nichols. 

W. D. Nichols.* 

DeLancey Nicoll. 

William Niven. 

Thomas H. O'Connor. 

C. H. Odell. 

E. Oelbermann.* 


Life Members 

Dudley Olcott, 2d. 

Mrs. Catharine L. Olmsted. 

H. O'Neill.* 


Mrs. A. O. Osborn. 

Mrs. William Church Osborn. 

John C. Osgood. 

James F. O'Shaughnessy. 

Miss Juliette A. Owen. 

Henry Parish. 

Trenor L. Park.* 

Dr. James II. Parker. 

T. B. Parker. 

John E. Parsons. 

Mrs. John E. Parsons. 

O. H. Payne. 

Frank E. Peabody. 

George Foster Peabody. 

William I. Peake.* 

Alfred Pell.* 

Mrs. Anne W. Penkield. 

Dr. Charles B. Penrose. 

Seymour Perkins. 

W. H. Perkins. 

W. R. Peters. 

Capt. John J. Phelps. 

Henry Phipps. 

Henry Clay Pierce. 


James W. Pinchot.* 
Henry B. Plant.* 
John Pondir. 
George B. Post, Jr. 
Henry A. V. Post. 
Thomas Potts. 
Geo. D. Pratt. 
Frederick T. Proctor. 
George C. Rand.* 
A. A. Raven. 
Norman B. Ream. 
Isaac H. Reed.* 
J. W. Reinhart. 
Robert G. Remsen.* 
Auguste Richard.* 
George Richards.* 
Chandler Robbins. 
Milton Robbins. 

* Deceased 

Henry J. Robinson. 

Nelson Robinson. 

John A. Roebling. 

Alfred Roelkek. 

Col. Archirald Rogers. 

Henry H. Rogers. 

L. Harding Rogers, Jr. 

Franklin D. Roosevelt. 

Jacob Rubino.* 

Arthur Ryle. 

F. L. St. John. 

J. Sanford Saltus. 

The Archduke Ludwig Salvator. 

Wm. R. Sands.* 

Herbert L. Satterlee. 

Mrs. Armar D. Saunderson. 

F. Augustus Schermerhorn. 

Ernest Schernikow. 

Samuel B. Schieffelin.* 

Schuyler Schieffelin. 

Jacob H. Schiff. 

Wm. R. Schmelzel. 

Chas. M. Schott, Jr. 

James A. Scrymser. 

Wm. F. Sebert.* 

Edward Shearson. 

George R. Sheldon. 

Jas. O. Sheldon.* 

Elliott F. Shepard.* 

Gardiner Sherman.* 

John H. Sherwood.* 

George Shiras, 3d. 

I. H. Shoenberger.* 

Chas. S. Shultz. 

Hiram W. Sibley. 

Mortimer M. Singer. 

Alanson Skinner. 

Francis Skinner. 

Jens Skougaard. 

John R. Slattery. 

Mrs. E. A. Slaven. 

Samuel Sloan.* 

Charles E. Slocum, M.D., LL.D. 

Albert Smith. 

Henry Milford Smith.* 

Dr. Hugh M. Smith. 

L. Dinwiddie Smith. 

Life Members 


R. A. C. Smith. 

S. Newton Smith.* 


S. N. Solomon. 

Thomas F. Somers. 

Henry F. Spaulding.* 

Miss Clara B. Spence. 

James Speyer. 

George L. Stebbins. 

James R. Steers. 

Louis Stern. 

Francis Lynde Stetson. 

Alex. H. Stevens. 

Byam K. Stevens. 

C. Amory Stevens. 

Charles Chauncey Stillman. 

Anson Phelps Stokes. 

Miss Olivia E. P. Stokes. 

Miss Annie Stone. 

Albert H. Storer. 

Adolph D. Straus. 

Isidor Straus. 

Thomas W. Strong.* 

Frederick Sturges. 

Frank K. Sturgis. 

William L. Swan. 

Miss P. C. Swords. 

Henry M. Taber.* 

William H. Taylor. 

James Terry. 

Samuel Thomas.* 

Wm. S. Thomas, M.D. 

Fred. F. Thompson.* 

Colonel Robert M.- Thompson. 

Miss Anne Thomson. 

Samuel Thorne. 

Charles E. Tilford.* 

H. M. Tilford. 

A. N. Towne.* 


Dr. Charles H. Townsend. 
Effingham Townsend.* 
Spencer Trask.* 
George A. Treadwell. 
William Trotter. 
Miss H. Olive Trowbridge. 
Edward Tuck. 

* Deceased 

Edward Uhl.* 

Frederick Uhlmann.* 

Carl Upmann. 

Frederick T. van Beuren. 

C. Vanderbilt.* 

F. W. Vandereilt. 

Geo. W. Vanderbilt. 

Ambrose Ely Vanderpoel. 

Barend van Gerbig. 

H. D. Van Nostrand.* 

Robert A. Van Wyck. 

Herman C. Von Post. 

W. A. Wadsworth. 

William Perkins Wadsworth. 

Alexander Walker. 

Dr. Henry F. Walker. 

James N. Wallace. 

Richard L. Walsh. 

Henry Walters. 

Mrs. Felix M. Warburg. 

Paul M. Warburg. 

Mrs. Paul M. Warburg. 

William R. Warren. 

John I. Waterbury. 

Silas D. Webb. 

Mrs. William Seward Webb. 

W. Seward Webb. 

Mrs. Sidney Webster. 

Henry deforest Weekes. 

Col. John Weir. 

Benjamin Welles. 

Frederick B. Wendt. 

George Peabody Wetmore. 

James Dugald White. 

James Gilbert White. 

Mrs. Jos. M. White.* 

Loomis L. White.* 

Chas. E. Whitehead.* 

Alfred R. Whitney.* 

Alfred Rutgers Whitney, Jr. 

Edward Kirk Willard. 

Howard Willets. 

John T. Willets. 

Robert R. Willets.* 

John J. Williams. 

R. F. Williams. 

S. C. Williams.* 


Life Members 

Benjamin A. Willis.* 
Edward Winslow.* 
Grenville L. Winthrop. 
Henry R. Wolcott. 
John Wolfe.* 
Mrs. Chas. Boughton Wood. 


L. G. Woodhouse.* 

Dr. Robert S. Woodward. 

Henry H. Wotherspoon. 

Miss Fanny Ellen Wright.* 

John H. Wyman.* 

Mrs. John J. Wysong. 



By contribution of $25 annually 

Fritz Achelis. 
H. D. Babcock. 
Mrs. D. C. Blair. 
Ernest C. Bliss. 
Temple Bowdoin. 
Mrs. Benj. Brewster. 
R. R. Colgate. 
Charles de Rham. 
Wm. H. Fischer. 
Henry Goldman. 
George Coe Graves. 
J. B. Greenhut. 
Edward S. Harkness. 
Walter C. Hubbard. 

* Deceased 

Mrs. Mackay. 
Alfred E. Marling. 
James Marwick. 
John G. Milburn. 
Mrs. C. M. Pratt. 
Mortimer L. Schiff. 
Grant B. Schley. 
D. Schnakenberg. 
Albert Tag. 
F. D. Underwood. 
Frederic S. Wells. 
Delos O. Wickham. 
Mrs. M. Orme Wilson. 
Egerton L. Winthrop. 
Ralph Wurts-Dundas. 



Abbott, Lewis L. 
Abbott, Rev. Dr. Lyman 

Mrs. Theodore J. 
Abeel, George 
Abercrombie, David T. 
Ackerman, Ernest R. 
Adams, F. B. 
Adams, Samuel 
Adee, Philip H. 
Adler, I., M.D. 
Adriance, Win. A. 
Agens, Fredk. Girard 
Agnew, A. G. 
Agnew, Mrs. C. R. 
Aitken, John W. 
Albright, J. J. 

Mrs. James Herman 
Aldrich, Spencer 
Alexander, Douglas 
Alexander, Harry 
Alexander, James W. 
Alexander, John F. 
Alexandre, J. H. 
Allen, Calvin H. 
Allen, William H. 
Allen, Wm. C. 
Allerton, D. D. 
Altherr, J. C. 
Altschul, C. 
Amberg, M. W. 
Amend, Edward B. 
Amend, Robert F. 
Amerman, Wm. L. 
Amrom, Bernhard B. 
Amy, Ernest J. H. 
Amy, L. H. 
Anderson, A. J. C. 
Anderson, Brig. Gen. 

Geo. S., U.S.A. 

contribution of %io annually 

Anderson, P. Chauncey 
Andreini, J. M. 
Andrews, W. L. 
Appelbaum, Misha E. 
Appleton, Daniel 
Appleton, W. W. 
Arbib, Alexander 
Archbold, John D. 
Archer, George A. 
Arend, F. J. 
Arkush, Reuben 
Armour, Mrs. H. O. 
Arms, George 
Armstrong, James 
Armstrong, John H. 
Asiel, E. 

Asten, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Atkins, G. W. E. 
Auchincloss, Mrs. C. C. 
Auchincloss, Hugh 
Auchincloss, John W. 
Auerbach, Joseph S. 

Mrs. Joseph S. 
Auerbach, S. H. 
Aufhauser, Samuel 
Aycrigg, B. Arthur 

Babcock, F. L. 
Bacon, Daniel 
Bacon, Daniel 
Bacon, Edward R. 

Marshal Chandler 
Bacon, Miss Martha W. 

Mrs. W. Rathbone 
Bailey, Dr. Pearce 
Baker, Frederic 
Baker, George F. 
Baker, Stephen 


Baker, W. E. 
Baldwin, Frederick H. 
Baldwin, W. D. 
Ball, Alwyn, Jr. 
Ball, Thomas R. 
Ballard, Fred'k E. 
Ballin, Gustav N. 
Ballin, Jacques 
Bangs, F. S. 
Bangs, L. Bolton, M.D. 

Mrs. James Lent 
Barnes, E. W. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harriette S. 
Barnes, Henry B. 
Barnes, J. Sanford, Jr. 
Barnett, I. L. 
Barney, Edgar S.,Sc.D. 
Barr, James I. 
Barringer, D. M. 
Barron, George D. 
Barstovv, Geo. E. 
Bartlett, Philip G. 
Barton, Mrs. F. O. 
Bascom, George J. 
Bauer, Mrs. Louis 

Mrs. Margaret L. 
Baumann, Gustav 
Baxter, G. S., Jr. 
Baxter, M., Jr. 
Baylies, Edmund L. 
Baylies, Mrs. N. E. 
Baylis, Wm. 
Bayne, Mrs. Howard 
Beach, Walter R. 
Beadleston, Alfred N. 
Beadleston, Mrs. W. H. 
Beal, Wm. R. 

Mrs. Charles C. 


Beatty, A. Chester 
Bechstein, A. C. 
Beckhard, Martin 
Bedle, J. D. 
Beekman, Gerard 
Beer, Mrs. J. 
Beinecke, B. 
Beller, A. 

Mrs. Oliver H. P. 
Bendernagel, James F. 
Benedict, A. C. 
Benedict, E. C. 
Benedict, Read 
Benjamin, George G. 
Benson, Mrs. ClausineM . 
Benson, Miss Mary 
Bergstresser, C. M. 
Bernheim, Mrs. Eli 
Bernheim, Isaac J. 

Mrs. Adolph 
Bernheimer, Charles L. 
Bernheimer, Simon E. 
Berolzheimer, Emil 
Berolzheimer, Philip 
Bertron, S. R. 
Bervvind, Edward J. 
Bevin, Leander A. 
Bezner, F. O. 
Bickmore, Albert H. 
Biddle, William C. 
Bier, Sylvan 
Bigelow, Chas. E. 
Bigelow, Dr. Wm. S. 

Hermann M., M. D, 
Bijur, Moses 
Bill, Nathan D. 
Billings, C. K. G. 
Birckhead, Rev. Hugh 
Bird, E. D. 
Birdsall, Mrs. W. R. 
Bishop, H. R. 
Bishop, Wm. F. 
Bitter, Karl 
Blagden, Dexter 

Annual Members 


Mrs. Samuel P. 

Blair, C. Ledyard 
Blair, Mrs. C. Ledyard 
Blake, Joseph A. 

Mrs. Samuel A. 

Bliss, Mrs. Wm. H. 

Blodgett, Miss Eleanor 

Blodgett, William T. 

Bloodgood, Robert F. 

Bloss, James O. 

Blumenthal, Hugo 

Blumgart, Louis 

Boas, Emil L. 

Boettger, Henry W. 

Boissevain, G. L. 

Boker, Mrs. Carl F. 

Bond, Frank S. 

Bonn, William B. 

Bonner, G. T. 

Bonner, Mrs. Nathalie 

Borg, Sidney C. 

Bowditch, Charles P. 


Mrs. Clarence W. 

Bowers, John M. 

Bradley, J. R. 

Bradley, Wm. H. 

Brady, James B. 

Bragaw, E. T. 

Brainard, Frank 

Braine, L. F. 

Breunich, Henry 

Brewer, Horatio J. 

Brewster, Charles O. 

Briddon, Dr. Charles K. 

Briesen, Arthur :. 

Brightman, F. C. M. 

Brinckerhoff, Elbert A. 

Bristol, John I. D. 

Britton, Dr. N. L. 

Brokaw, Clifford V. 


Mrs. William 

Brookman, Mrs. H. D. 


Mrs. Urban H. 

Brouner, Walter Brooks, 
A.B., M.D. 
Brower, Chas. De Hart 
Brower, Wm. L. 
Brown, Charles F. 
Brown, Edwin H. 
Brown, Franklin Q. 
Brown, J. Adams 
Brown, Robert I. 
Brown, Thatcher M. 
Brown, Vernon C. 
Brown, Vernon H. 
Brown, Wm. Adams 
Brown, W. P. 
Browne, Dr. Charles 
Browning, J. A. 
Browning, Wm. H. 
Bruggerhof, F. W. 
Bruns, Edwin G. 
Bryce, William 
Buchanan, Wm. 
Bulkley, Edwin M. 
Bulkley, Mrs. Edwin M. 

L. Duncan, M.D. 
Bunker, William 
Burden, James A. 
Burgess, Edward G. 

Mrs. Edward M. 
Burleigh, George Wm. 
Burr, Winthrop 
Burr, Wm. H. 
Burroughs, Chas. W. 
Bush, D. Fairfax 
Bush, W. T. 
Butler, Charles S. 
Butler, Miss Helen C. 
Butler, Howard Russell 
Butler, Mrs. P. H. 
Butler, Miss Virginia 
Butler, Wm. Allen, Jr. 
Butterfield, Mrs. Daniel 

Caesar, H. A. 
Calder, J. F. 
Caiman, Albert 

Annual Members 


Caiman, Henry L. 

Cameron, W. L. 

Cammann, H. H. 

Cammann, Miss I. M. 

Canfield, Frederick A. 

Canfield, George F. 

Cannon, H. W. 

Cardozo, Ernest A. 

Carey, H. T. 

Carlebach, Emil 

Carpenter, Chas. W. 

Carr, Alfred 

Carrington, Fitz Roy 

Carse, John B. 

Carter, Robert A. 

Cary, Mrs. Melbert B. 

Case, Charles L. 

Casey, Edward P. 
Caspary, A. H. 
Cassard, Wm. J. 
Chaim, Morris L., M.D. 
Chambers, Frank R. 
Champ, William S. 
Champollion, Andre 

Miss Maria Bowen 
Chapman, Clarence E. 

Mrs. John Jay 
Chase, George 
Chatillon, George E. 
Chesebrough, Robert A. 
Chew, Beverly 
Childs, Wm., Jr. 
Chilton, H. P. 
Chisolm, B. Ogden 
Chisolm, George E. 
Choate, Wm. G. 
Christie, R. E. 
Chubb, Percy 
Chubb, S. H. 
Church, Charles B. 
Church, C. T. 
Church, Louis P. 
Church, Theodore W. 
Cillis, Hubert 
Claflin, John 

Clancy, John J. 

Clapp, George S. 

Clark, Ambrose R. 

Clark, Bernard S. 

Clark, Charles H. 

Clark, Charles Martin 

Clark, Clarence M. 

Clark, D. Crawford 

Clark, Edward S. 

Clark, Miss E. Mabel 

Clark, George C. 

Clark, Jefferson 

Clark, J. Francis A. 

Clark, John M. 

Clark, Julian B. 

Clark, Louis C. 

Clark, Dr. L. Pierce 

Clark, Norman F. 

Clark, Thos. F. 

Clark, W. A. 

Clark, William N. 

Clarke, E. A. S. 

Clarke, George C. 

Clarke, Thomas B. 

Clarke, Thomas Shields 


William C, M.D. 

Clarkson, Miss Annie 

Clemens, Dr. James B. 


Clement, M.D. 
Clinch, Edward S. 
Close, Walter H. 
Clowry, Robert C. 
Clyde, Wm. P. 
Coates, W. J., M.D. 
Cobb, Frank I. 
Cochran, G. D. 
Cockran, W. Bourke 
Coffin, C. A. 
Coffin, Edmund 
Coffin, Francis A. 
Coffin, I. Sherwood 
Coffin, W. E. 
Coffin, William S. 
Coggeshall, Edwin W. 
Cogswell, Francis J. 

Cogswell, W. B. 

Cohen, De Witt Clinton 

Cohn, Julius M. 

Cohn, Dr. Louis 

Colby, Everett 

Colby, Howard A. 

Colgate, Gilbert 

Colgate, James C. 

Collier, Robert J. 

Collins, Charles 

Collins, Miss Ellen 

Colton, Chester L. 

Condit, Wm. L. 

Conklin, Roland R. 

Content, Walter 

Cook, Mrs. Chas. T. 


Miss Lilian Gillette 

Cooper, Miss Emma M. 

Cooper, Washington L. 

Corbin, Austin 

Cordley, Frank R. 

Corlies, Benjamin F. 

Corning, Christopher R. 

Costello, Alfred 

Costello, P. C. 


Edward Livingston 

Coudert, Charles du Pont 

Cowdin, Winthrop 

Cowles, David S. 

Cox, C. F. 

Crane, Charles R. 

Crane, H. M. 
Crane, Jonathan H. 
Cravath, Mrs. Paul D. 
Crawford, R. L. 
Crawford, Wm. 
Crayen, Dr. G. A. 
Cromwell, Benjamin F. 
Cromwell, James W. 
Cromwell, Lincoln 

Col. John Schuyler 
Crosby, Maunsell S. 
Cross, Richard J. 
Crossman, Geo. W. 


Annual Members 

Cruickshank, James 

Walter Gray, M.D. 
Cullman, Jos. F. 
Cummings, Richard 
Curie, Chas., Jr. 
Curiel, H. 

Curtis, G. Warrington 
Curtis, Ronald Eliot 
Curtis, Warren 
Curtis, W. J. 
Curtis, Wm. Edmond 
Cutter, Ralph L. 
Cutting, Robt. Fulton 
Cutting, W. Bayard 

Miss Eleanor de Graff 

Daily, George M. 
Dalley, Henry 
Dana, Charles L., M.D. 
Danenbaum, M. C. 

Mrs. George H. 
Daugherty, Bryan 
Davenport, Mrs. Ira 
Davies, J. Clarence 
Davies, Julien T. 
Davies, William G. 
Davis, Charles H. 
Davis, Daniel A. 
Davis, David T. 
Davis, Joseph P. 
Davison, Alvah 
Dazian, Henry 
Deal, Edgar 
Dean, Geo. Hamilton 
de Bary, A. 
De Buys, A. 
de Coppet, Henry 
Deery, John J. 
Deeves, Richard 
de Forest, H. W. 
de Forest, Robert W. 
de Forest, 

Mrs. Robert W. 
Degener, John F. 

Degener, John F.,Jr. 
Degener, Rudolph 
De Klyn, B. F. 
de Koven, Mrs. Reginald 
Delafield, Maturin L. 
Delano, Moreau 
Delano, Warren 

D. Bryson, M.D. 
Demorest, Wm. C. 
Denham, Wm. R. 
Dennis, John B. 
Denny, Mrs. Lucy W. 
De Peyster, 

Miss C. Augusta 
De Puy, H. F. 
de Rham, H. Casimir 
Despard, Walter D. 
De Vinne, Theo. L. 
De Witt, George G. 
Deyo, Robert E. 
Dick, Harris B. 
Dick, J. Henry 
Dickey, Charles D. 
Dickie, E. P. 
Diefenthaler, Charles E. 
Diestel, Wm. 
Dieterich, Chas. F. 
Dill, Miss Mary A. 
Dillingham, E. R. 
Dillon, John M. 
Dimmick, J. Benjamin 
Dimock, Geo. E. 
Dimock, Henry F. 
Dodge, Rev. D. Stuart 
Dodge, Miss Grace H. 
Doelger, Charles P. 
Doelger, Peter, Jr. 
Dolan, Mrs. ClarenceW. 
Dominick, Bayard, Jr. 
Dommerich, L. F. 
Doremus, R. P. 
Dormitzer, Henry 
Dorsett, R. Clarence 
Doubleday, F. N. 
Doughty, Mrs. Alia 
Douglass, Alfred 

Douglass, Benjamin, Jr. 
Douglass, Mrs. R. Dun 
Dow, Mrs. Frederic G. 
Dowd, Joseph 
Downey, John I. 
Dows, Mrs. David 
Drake, Miss Mary E. 
Drakenfeld, B. F. 
Draper, Charles D. 
Draper, Chas. A. 
Drayton, H. C. 
Drayton, J. Coleman 
Dreier, Carl 
Drexel, Mrs. John R. 
Dreyer, John P. 
Drummond, I. Wyman 
Duane, James May 
Du Bois, F. N. 
DuBois, Miss Katharine 
DuBois.Dr. Matthew B. 
Dudley, P. H. 
Duer, Mrs. J. B. 
Dulles, William 
Duncan, Mrs. John P. 
Duncan, Stuart 

Mrs. George H. 
Dunham, H. F. 
Dunlap, Mrs. R. 
Dunn, Gano 
du Pont, Henry F. 
Durkee, Eugene W. 
Dutcher, William 
Dwight, A. S. 
Dwight, John E. 

Jonathan, Jr., M.D. 

Earle, Dr. E. Lyell 
Eaton, Geo. Dummer 
Eberhart, Charles 
Edgar, Daniel 
Edgell, George S. 
Edmonds, John W. 
Edson, Jarvis B. 
Edwards, R. L. 
Edwards, Wm. Seymour 

Annual Members 


Egleston, Melville 
Ehrich, Jules S. 
Ehrich, Samuel W. 
Ehrich, Mrs. Wm. J. 
Eilbeck, J. H. 
Eilers, Karl 
Eilshemius, Henry G. 
Eimer, A. 0. 
Eimer, August 
Einstein, I. D. 
Elliott, Mrs. George 
Ellis, John W. 
Ellis, Wm. D. 
Ely, Fredk. G. 

John Henderson, Jr. 
Embury, Miss Emma C. 
Emery, Charles G. 
Emmet, C. Temple 
Emmet, Miss Lydia F. 
Emmet, Robert Temple 
Engle, Robt. H. 
Eno, John Chester 
Erbsloh, R. 
Erdmann, Martin 
Ettlinger, Louis 
Evans, Richard 
Evans, William T. 

Fabbri, Ernesto G. 
Fabre, Clarence L. 
Fahnestock, H. C. 
Faile, Charles V. 
Fairbanks, Henry P. 
Fairchild, B. Tappen 
Fairchild, Charles S. 
Fairchild, S. W. 
Fargo, James C. 
Farish, John B. 
Farnam, Thomas W. 

Mrs. Horace P. 
Farnsworth, William 
Farragut, Loyall 
Farrington, Wm. H. 
Fatman, Morris 
Fearing, George R. 

Fearons, George H. 
Fellows, Wm. Gordon 
Ferguson, Alfred L. 
Ferguson, Mrs. Farquhar 
Ferguson, Harry L. 
Ferris, Frank A. 
Feustman, L. P. 
Field, Wm. B.Osgood 

Mrs. Wm. B. Osgood 
Fischer, T. Tasso 
Fisher, L. G. 
Fitz-Simon, Mrs. Wm. 
Flagler, Harry Harkness 
Fleitmann, H. C. 
Flint, Dr. Austin, Jr. 
Flint, Chas. R. 
Flower, Frederick S. 
Floyd, William T. 
Floyd-Jones, Edward H. 
Fohr, Franz 
Follmer, Charles J. 
Foot, Miss Katharine 
Fordyce, Dr. John A. 
Forsyth, Robert 
Foster, Edward W. 
Foster, J. Hegeman 
Foster, Scott 
Foster, William 
Frankenberg, W. V. 
Frankfield, A. 
Fraser, Alfred 
Fraser, Mrs. George S. 
Fraser, Miss J. K. 
Freedman, Andrew 
French, Daniel C. 
French, Mrs. Daniel C. 
French, Richmond S. 
French, S. A. 
Frenkel, Emil 
Frew, Walter E. 
Fried, Samson 
Friedlander, Louis 
Fries, Miss Emilie 
Fries, Harold H. 
Frissell, A. S. 
Frye, Jed 

Fuld, Felix 

Fulda, Clemens, M.D. 
Fuller, Mrs. Eugene 
Furst, Arnold S. 

Gade, W. F. 
Gale, Miss Margaret E. 
Gallaway, Robert M. 
Gannon, F. S. 
Gardin, John E. 
Gardiner, James T. 
Garrett, John W. 
Garrett, Robert 
Gartland, George E. 
Garver, John A. 
Gaunt, James 
Gawtry, H. E. 
Gay, Joseph E. 
Geer, Robert C. 
Geer, Walter 
Gerard, Victor 
Gerrish, Frank Scott 
Gilbert, Clinton 
Gillies, Edwin J. 
Gilmore, W. S. 
Gladding, J. R. 
Glazier, Henry S. 
Goadby, W. H. 
Goddard, F. N. 
Godfrey, Mrs. E. D. 
Godkin, Lawrence 
Goebel, Lewis S. 
Golden, John L. 
Goldschmidt, Geo. B. 
Goldschmidt, S. A. 
Goodchild, John 
Goodfriend, Jacob 
Goodfriend, Meyer 
Goodhue, Chas. E. 
Gooding, Ivan L. C. 
Gottheil, Paul 
Gould, Chas. W. 
Gould, Edwin 
Gould, Edwin, Jr. 
Gould, Miss- Helen M. 
Gould, Horace S. 
Grab, Maximilian 


Annual Members 

Grace, Mrs. L. A. 
Graham, Robert Dun 

Rev. Percy Stickney 
Grant, R. Suydam 
Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Greeff, Bernhard, Jr. 
Greeff, Ernest F. 
Greene, James W. 
Greene, John Arthur 
Greenhut, Benedict J. 
Greenwood, Isaac J. 
Greer, Charles 
Greer, Rt. Rev. David H. 
Greer, Mrs. David H. 
Greer, Louis M. 
Gregory, Charles 
Gregory, Chas. E. 
Gregory, E. C. 
Griffin, Mrs. W. P. 
Griffith, Edward 
Grinnell, E. Morgan 
Grinnell, Geo. Bird 
Griscom, C. A., Jr. 
Griswold, Chester 
Griswold, Mrs. Chester 
Gude, O. J. 

Henry William 
Guggenheim, Simon 
Guggenheim, William 
Guinzburg, A. M. 
Gundlach, C. 
Gushee, R. A. 
Gutmann, Carl 
Gutmann, James 

Hague, Arnold 
Hague, William 
Haines, Charles D. 
Hale, Thomas 
Hall, Henry J. S. 
Hall, Mrs. John H. 
Hall, W. H. 
Halls, William, Jr. 
Halsey, Robert H. 
Halsey, R. T. H. 

Halsted, Miss Mary M. 

Hamburger, L. 

Hamburger, Samuel B. 


Miss Catherine L. 


Louis Gordon 

Hamilton, Miss E. S. 

Hamlen, Dr. Geo. D. 

Hammond, James B. 


Mrs. John Henry 


Mrs. Ogden H. 

Hance, John A. 

Handy, Parker D. 

Hanna, L. C. 

Harbeck, Chas. T. 

Hard, Mrs. Anson W. 
Hard, De Courcy L. 
Hardenbergh, T. E. 
Hardley, J. Wheeler 
Hare, J. Montgomery 
Harper, Mrs. Joseph W. 
Harriman, Mrs. E. H. 
Harriman, Mrs. H. M. 
Harrison, George L. , Jr. 
Hartshorn, Stewart 
Hasbrouck, Mrs. P. W. 
Haskin, Dr. W. H. 
Hasslacher, Jacob 
Havemeyer, H. O., Jr. 
Havemeyer, J. C. 
Havemeyer, Mrs. J. C. 
Havemeyer, John F. 
Havemeyer, T. A. 
Haven, Mrs. G. G., Jr. 
Haven, J. Woodward 
Haviland, Edwin 
Haviland, Paul B. 
Havron, John 
Hawk, Wm. S. 

Mrs. McDougall 
Hawley, Edwin 
Hayes, Mrs. R. Somers 

Miss Caroline Coventry 

Hazard, F. R. 
Hazard, Rowland G. 
Hazen, George H. 
Hecht, George J. 
Hedges, Job E. 
Heide, Henry 
Heimann, Julius 
Heminway, Homer 
Hencken, Hancke 
Hendricks, Mrs. Edgar 
Hendricks, Francis 
Hendricks, Harmon W. 
Henning, Gustavus C. 
Henry, James 
Henry, Philip W. 
Hepburn, A. B. 
Herbert, William 
Hermann, Ferdinand 
Hernsheim, Joseph 
Heroy, Mrs. James H. 
Herreshoff, J. B. Francis 
Herrmann, Charles E. 

Herter, Dr. Christian A. 

Hess, Selmar 

Hewlett, Walter Jones 

Heydt, Herman A. 

Hicks, F. C. 

Higgins, Francis 

Hildebrand, Louis A. 

Hilles, Wm. T. 

Hills, Dr. Alfred K. 

Hilyard, George D. 

Hinchman, Walter 

Hine, Francis L. 

Hines, Walker D. 

Hirsch, Albert 

Hirsch, Chas. S. 

Hoag, William N. 


Mrs. Joseph C. 

Hobby, J. Oakley 

Hochschild, Berthold 

Hodenpyl, Anton G. 

Hodges, Geo. W. 

Hoe, Alfred G. 

Hoe, Geo. E. 

Hoe, Richard M. 

Annual Members 



Hyde, E. Francis 

Judson, Henry I. 

Mrs. Richard March 

Jungmann, J. 

Hoe, Mrs. Robert 

Ingraham, Arthur 

Hoe, William A. 

Ingraham, Geo. L. 

Kahle, Jos. L. 

Hoe, William J. 

Ireland, John B. 

Kahn, Otto H. 

Hoffman, Joseph E. 

Iselin, C. Oliver 

Kahn, Ulysses S., M.D. 

Holden, A. F. 

Iselin, Miss Georgine 

Kahnweiler, William S. 

Holden, E. R. 

Iselin, John H. 


Holden, L. E. 

Iselin, Mrs. William E. 

Miss P. R. 


Iselin, Wm. E. 


Miss Amelia B. 

Isham, C. B. 

Mrs. Hamilton Fish 

Holt, Henry 

Isham, Samuel 

Keech, . 

Holt, R. S. 

Mrs. Frank Browne 

Holter, Mrs. E. 0. 

Jackson, Geo. T., M.D. 

Keith, Minor C. 

Holzmaister, L. V. 

Jackson, John B. 

Keller, S. 



Kelley, Augustus W. 

Miss Augusta D. 

Samuel Macauley 

Kellogg, Mrs. Chas. 

Hopkins, Russell 

Jacobus, John S. 


Hornblower, Wm. B. 

Jaffray, Robert 

Mrs. Morris W. 

Horr, L. Wm. 

James, Norman 

Kelly, William H. 

Hotchkiss, Henry D. 

James, Robert C. 

Kemmerer, M. S. 

House, Frederick B. 

James, Mrs. Walter B. 

Kemp, Edward 

Howard, Montague 

Janeway, E. G., M.D. 

Kemp, Mrs. Edward 

Howell, M. D. 

Jansen, Ed. 

Kemp, George Wm. 

Hoyt, Francis S. 

Jarvie, James N. 

Kemp, Prof. James F. 

Hoyt, Gerald L. 

Jarvis, Samuel M. 

Kent, Edwin C. 

Hoyt, Miss Gertrude L. 

Jenkins, A. B. 

Kenyon, Wm. Houston 


Jenkins, George W. 

Keppel, David 

Mrs. Georgia C. 

Jennings, Miss A. B. 

Kerr, John B. 

Hudson, Percy K. 


Kidder, C. G. 

Hughes, Charles E. 

Mrs. Frederic B. 

Kidder, Edward H. 

Huidekoper, Edgar 

Jennings, Philander R. 

Kilner, S. E. 

Humphreys, Frederic E. 

Jennings, Robt. E. 

Kimball, Alfred R. 

Humphreys, Frederic H. 

Jennings, Walter 


Humphreys, Geo. H. 

Jewett, Geo. L. 

Mrs. Charles Otis 


Johnson, James G. 

Kimbel, Anthony 

Mrs. Robt. P. 

Johnston, J. Herbert 

Kimbel, Henry 

Hupfel, Adolph G. 

Joline, Adrian H. 

King, Thos. M. 

Hupfel, J. Chr. G. 

Jonas, William 

Kingsford, Daniel P. 

Hurlbut, Theo. D. 

Jones, A. H. 


Hussey, William H. 

Jones, Miss Beatrix 

Mrs. Wm. M. 

Husted, Seymour L. , Jr. 

Jones, Mrs. Cadwalader 

Kingsley, W. M. 

Hutchinson, Gary T. 

Jones, Charles H. 

Kinney, Morris 

Huyler, Frank DeK. 

Jones, Dwight A. 


Hyatt, A. M. 

Jones, H. Bolton 

Dr. Francis P. 

Hyde, A. Fillmore 

Josephi, E. A. 

Kip, Clarence V. 

Hyde, Mrs. Augustus L. 

Judson, Alfred M. 

Kip, W. Ruloff 


Annual Members 


Mrs. Thomas 
Klaw, Marc 
Klee, Simon J. 
Klenke, William H. 
Klipstein, E. C. 
Knapp, H., M.D. 
Knapp, Mrs. H. K. 
Knauth, Antonio 
Koechl, Otto R. 
Kohlman, Chas. 
Kohn, Arnold 
Kohn, S. H. 
Kohn, Theo. A. 
Kolb, Gustave F. 

Mrs. Maria 
Krower, Alfred 
Kudlich, H. C. 
Kugelman, J. G. 
Kuhn, Arthur K. 
Kuhn, Edward 
Kuser, Col. Anthony R. 
Kuser, John Dryden 
Kuttroff, Adolf 

Lacombe, E. Henry 
Lagai, Dr. G. 
Lagowitz, Miss H. L. 
Laidlaw, Mrs. Henry B. 

Mrs. James Lees 
Lamarche, Henry J. 
Lambert, Adrian V. S. 
Lambert, Dr. Alexander 
Lambert, Samuel W. 
Lammel, Rev. Anthony 
La Montagne, Harry 
L'Amoreaux, J. S. 
Landon, Francis G. 
Landon, Henry Hutton 
Lane, Edward V. Z. 
Lane, James Warren 
Lane, Wm. Armistead 

Woodbury G., Jr. 
Lange, J. D. 

Langmann, G., M.D. 
Lantz, Jesse 
Lapham, Lewis H. 
Lathrop, Alanson P. 
Lauderdale, Dr. J. V. 
Laughlin, James, Jr. 
Lauterbach, Edward 
La Vie, Geo. A. 
Lawrence, Emlen N. 

Miss Margaret 

Gen. Samuel C. 
Lawrence, Townsend 
Lawrence, William W. 
Leale, Charles A., M.D. 
Leaycraft, J. Edgar 

Mrs. Lewis Cass 
Lee, Charles N. 
Lee, Mrs. Frederic S. 
Lee, J. Bowers 
Lefferts, Marshall C. 
Lefferts, Wm. H. 
Legg, George 
Lehmaier, James M. 
Lehmaier, Mrs. Louis A. 
Lehman, Arthur 
Lehman, Meyer H. 
Leigh, B. W. 
Leighton, Geo. B. 
Leland, Amory 
Lemp, Louis 
Leonori, Charles L. 
Lesher, A. L. 
Leupp, Wm. H. 
Levi, Albert A. 
Levi, Emil S. 
Levison, Benno, J.-. 
Levy, Emanuel 
Lewis, August 
Lewis, Frederic Elliott 
Lewis, Richard V. 
Lewis, Wm. J., M.D. 
Lewisohn, Albert 
Lewisohn, Miss Irene 
Libbey, Frederick A. 

Lichtenstein, Melvin 
Lichtenstein, Paul 
Lieb, J. W., Jr. 
Lincoln, Arthur 
Lincoln, Lowell 
Lisman, Frederick J. 
Littauer, Lucius N. 

Gilbert Robert, Jr. 
Livingston, Wm. S. 
Lloyd, Francis G. 
Lobenstine, W. C. 
Locke, Charles E. 
Lockman, John T. 

Dr. George Roe 
Loeb, James 
Loewy, Benno 
Logan, Frank J. 

Mrs. Geo. de Forest 
Loring, D. A. 
Lorsch, Henry 
Louis, Chas. H. 
Lounsbery, R. P. 
Love, E. G. 
Lovett, R. S. 
Low, Ethelbert I. 

Miss Carlotta Russell 
Lowengard, Otto 
Ludlow, James B. 
Lueder, A. 

Benjamin Rush 
Lummis, Wm. 
Lusk, Miss Anna H. 
Liittgen, Walther 
Lyall, Arthur V. 
Lydig, Philip M. 
Lyman, Henry D. 
Lyman, Theodore 
Lyon, Emory S. 
Lyon, Ralph 

Maas, Gustavus 
Mabon, J. B. 

Annual Members 


Macdonald, Charles 
Macdonald, Colin I. 
MacDougall, Geo. R. 
Mack, Arthur J. 
Mackey, Oscar T. 
MacYeagh, Charles 
Macy, F. H., Jr. 
Macy, George H. 
Macy, Wm. H., Jr. 
Mager, F. Robert 
Mahl, Wm. 
Mallory, Charles 
Manges, Dr. Morris 
Manierre, Charles E. 
Mann, W. D. 
Mansbach, E. 
Mansfield, Howard 
Marbury, Miss E. 
Markle, John 
Markoe, Dr. J. W. 
Marlor, Henry S. 
Maron, Otto 
Marsh, C. P. 
Marsh, J. A. 
Marshall, Charles H. 
Marston, Edgar L. 
Marston, Edwin S. 
Martin, Bradley, Jr. 
Martin, E. Howard 
Martin, W. M. 
Martinez, M. R. 
Marvin, Chas. D. 
Mason, Alfred Bishop 
Mason, Miss Fanny P. 
Massey, George 
Mastin, J. Edward 
Mather, Wm. G. 
Matheson, Wm. J. 
Mathews, Frank S. 
Mathews, Thos. 
Maxwell, John R., Jr. 
Mayer, Dr. Alfred G. 
Mayer, Marcus 
McAleenan, Henry A. 
McAlpin, Dr.D.H., Jr. 
McAlpin, George L. 


Charles, M.D. 
McBurney, Mrs. Charles 
McCagg, Louis B. 
McCarthy, J. M. 

M rs. Caroline A 
McDonald, Wm. 
McGraw, Stanley D. 
Mclntyre, Ewen 
Mclntyre, John G. 
McKelvey, Charles W. 
McKelvey, J. J. 
McKenney, Henry P. 
McKeon, John C. 
McKim, John A. 
McKim, Le Roy 

James W., M.D. 
McLean, George H. 

Malcolm, M.D. 

Rev. Joseph H. 
Mead, Marvin H. 
Meeker, Henry E. 
Mehl, Henry 
Meigs, Titus B. 
Melcher, John S. 
Mellen, C. S. 
Meloy, Andrew D. 
Melville, Henry H. 

Dr. William J. 
Messenger, H. J. 
Metcalf, Stephen O. 

Capt. Henry, U.S.A. 
Meyer, Amandus 
Meyer, Edwin O. 
Meyer, Geo. A. 
Meyer, Harry J. 
Meyer, Robert B. 
Milbank, Joseph 
Milhau, Louis J. de 
Milholland, John E. 
Miller, D. S. 

Miller, Geo. Macculloch 
Miller, Roswell 
Mills, John T., Jr., 
Mitchell, Alfred 
Mitchell, A. M. 
Mitchell, John J. 

Mrs. John Murray 

Miss Margaret E. 
Moffat, George Barclay 
Moffitt, Samuel 
Monae-Lesser, Dr. A. 
Monroe, Robert Grier 
Montant, Alphonse 
Montross, N. E. 
Moore, Casimir de R. 
Moore, Miss Faith 
Moore, Mrs. W. D. 
Morewood, George B. 
Morgan, Miss Annie T. 
Morgan, MissCarolineL. 
Morgan, George H. 
Morgan, Wm. Fellowes 
Morgenthau, G. L. 
Morgenthau, Henry 
Morgenthau, Mrs. M. L. 
Morningstar, J. 
Morris, Henry Lewis 
Morris, John 

Theodore Wilson 
Morrison, Edward A. 
Morrison, George A. 
Morton, Mrs. Levi P. 
Morton, Paul 
Morton, Mrs. Paul 
Morton, Quincy L. 
Mott, Henry C. 
Mott, Miss Marian 
Miiller, Carl 
Muller, Mrs. Clemens 
Mtiller, Robert, Jr. 
Mulry, Thomas M. 
Munsey, Frank A. 
Munson, C. W. 
Murphy, Franklin 


Annual Members 

Murray, F. W., M.D. 
Murray, J. Irvin, Jr. 
Murtha, Thomas F. 
Muschenheim, Wm. C. 
Myers, Charles A. 
Myers, L. 
Myers, Theo. W. 

Nash, E. S. 
Nash, William A. 
Nathan, Frederick 
Nathan, Harmon H. 
Nathan, Joseph 
Neilson, John 
Nesmith, James 
Neuburger, David 
Neustadt, Mrs. S. 
Newberry, Truman H. 
Newbury, Andrew J. 
Newton, James S. 
Nichols, John W. T. 
Nichols, William E. 

Mrs. E. L. Breese 
Norris, Henry D. 
Norris, Henry S. 
Norton, Ex. 
Norton, Geo. F. 
Notman, George 
Notman, Howard 
Noyes, Mrs. Henry D. 
Nugent, Frank L. 

Oakes, Francis J. 
Obermeyer, Jos. 
Oberndorf, David 
O'Brien, J. M. 
Obrig, Adolph 
Ochs, Adolph S. 
Oettinger, P. J. 
Ogden, Robert C. 
Olcott, Dudley 
Olcott, E. E. 
Olcott, Geo. M. 
Olesheimer, Jacob 
Olin, S. H. 
Ollive, Thos. S. 

Olyphant, R. M. 
Olyphant, Robert 
Opdycke, Mrs. Emerson 

Mrs. Leonard E. 
Oppenheimer, Dr. H. S. 
O'Rourke, John F. 
Orr, William C. 
Orvis, Edwin W. 
Osborn, A. Perry 

Mrs. H. Fairfield 
Osborn, H. Fairfield, Jr. 

Miss Josephine A. 
Osterholt, Ehler 
Ottinger, Marx 
Oudin, Lucien 
Owens, Wm. W. 

Paddock, Charles H. 
Paddock, Eugene H. 
Page, J. Seaver 
Page, Wm. H. 
Pagenstecher, A. 
Painter, Dr. H. McM. 
Palmer, John Stanton 
Palmer, N. F. 
Palmer, S. S. 
Parker, Forrest H. 

Mrs. Henrietta M. 
Parker, Robert A. 
Parker, William Lincoln 
Parker, Winthrop 
Parodi, Dr. Teofilo 
Parrish, James C. 
Parsons, Charles E. 
Parsons, Chas. W. 
Parsons, Edwin 
Parsons, Mrs. Edwin 
Parsons, Herbert 
Parsons, Schuyler L. 
Paterson, R. W. 
Paton, Dr. Stewart 
Paton, Wm. Agnew 
Pavenstedt, E. 

Peabody, Stephen 
Pearson, F. S. 
Pease, Geo. Card 
Peck, Charles E. 
Pedersen, Dr. James 
Pell, Stephen H. P. 
Pellew, Henry E. 
Penfold, Wm. Hall 
Pennington, John C. 
Pennington, William 
Peoples, W. T. 
Perkins, Edward C. 
Perkins, George E. 
Perkins, George W. 
Perkins, R. P. 
Perry, Chas. J. 
Perry, William A. 
Peters, Edward McClure 
Peters, Samuel T. 

Frederick, M.D. 
Peterson, Mrs. Wilson 
Pfeiffer, Curt G. 
Pfender, W. S. 
Phelps, Geo. B. 
Philbrick, E. C. 
Philipp, Philip B. 
Phillips, Guy 
Phillips, Wm. H. 
Phipps, Henry, Jr. 
Pickering, Henry G. 
Pickhardt, Carl 
Piel, Gottfried 
Piel, Michael 
Pierson, D. H. 
Pike, Warburton 
Pinkney, Townsend 
Piva, Celestino 
Planten, J. R. 
Piatt, Charles H. 
Piatt, Lewis A. 
Platzek, M. Warley 
Plaut, Albert 
Plaut, Joseph 
Plympton, Gilbert M. 
Polk, Dr. Wm. M. 
Pollock, George E. 

Annual Members 


Pope, Sylvester 
Porter, Clarence 

Eugene H., M.D. 
Porter, Gen. Horace 
Porter, William L. 
Porter, Wm. H. 
Post, Abram S. 
Post, Mrs. Charles A. 
Post, Sylvester 
Potter, Miss Blanche 
Potter, Frederick 
Potter, James Brown 
Potts, Jesse W. 
Powell, Wilson M. 

Cornelius Van Vorst 
Prall, John H. 
Pratt, John T. 
Preston, Veryl 
Prince, J. Dyneley 
Procter, William 
Proctor, Thomas R. 
Pryer, Chas. 
Pulitzer, Mrs. Joseph 
Pulitzer, Ralph 
Pulleyn, John J. 
Purdy, Wm. Macneven 

Mrs. Albert E. 
Putzel, Dr. L. 
Pyle, Jas. Tolman 
Pyne, M. Taylor 
Pyne, Percy R., 2d 

Quigg, Lemuel E. 
Quinby, Henry B. 
Quincy, C. F. 
Quintard, Dr. Edward 

Raht, Chas. 
Ramsay, D. S. 
Ramsperger, G. 
Randolph, Edmund D. 
Rawle, Henry 
Rawson, Edward S. 
Ray, Mrs. Frank H. 

Ray, L. D. 

Raymond, Charles H. 
Raymond, Dr. E. H. 
Read, Geo. R. 
Read, Wm. A. 
Redmond, Miss Emily 
Reed, S. K. 
Rees, Norman I. 
Rees, R. Llewelyn 
Reilly, F. James 
Reimer, Otto Eugene 
Remick, W. H. 

Edward Brevoort 
Renwick, Edward S. 
Rhinelander, Chas. E. 
Rhinelander, Miss S. 
Rhoades, John Harsen 
Rich, M. P. 
Richard, E. A. 
Richard, Oscar L. 
Richards, Eben 

Mrs. J. Clifford 

Mrs. M. Grace 
Ridder, Herman 
Riesenberg, Adolph 
Riggs, Mrs. B. C. 
Riker, Samuel 
Riker, Wm. J. 
Ripley, H. Dillon 
Risley, Mrs. G. H. 
Rives, George L. 
Robbins, Mrs. Helen C. 
Robert, Samuel 
Roberts, Miss Mary M. 
Robertson, Albert 
Robertson, Miss J. 
Robertson, Julius 
Robertson, R. H. 
Robinson, Douglas 
Robinson, Mrs. Douglas 
Robinson, Edward 
Rock, Mathew 
Rodewald, F. L. 
Roe, Gen. Chas. F. 

Rogers. Edmund P. 
Rogers, Edward L. 
Rogers, James H. 
Rogers, Robert 
Rokenbaugh, H. S. 
Roosevelt, W. Emlen 
Root, Elihu 
Rosenbaum, H. C. 
Rosenbaum, Selig 
Rosenberger, Leopold 
Rossbach, Jacob 
Rossiter, A. W. 
Rothbarth, A. 
Rothschild, J. 
Rothschild, Ludwig 
Rothschild, V. Sydney 
Roumage, C. C. 
Rowland, Thos. 
Rowe, Basil W. 
Rowe, Wm. V. 
Rowland, Mrs. Chas. B. 
Riibel, Alexander 
Ruhlender, Henry 
Rumrill, Mrs. James A. 
Runk, George S. 
Ruperti, Justus 
Ruppert, Mrs. Jacob 
Ruprecht, Philip 
Rusch, Adolphe, Jr. 
Rusch, Henry A. 
Russ, Edward 
Rutter, Robert 
Ryan, John Barry 

Sabin, Charles H. 
Sabin, Joseph F. 
Sachs, Harry 
Sachs, Paul J. 
Sachs, Samuel 
Sage, Dean 
Sage, Mrs. Dean 
Salomon, William 
Sampson, Charles E. 
Sands Mrs. B. Aymar 
Sands, Daniel C. 
Sanger, H. F. Osborn 
Sanger, Ralph 


Annual Members 

Sanger, Mrs. Ralph 
Satterlee, Miss Mabel 
Saul, Charles R. 
Saul, Julius 
Sauter, A. J. 
Sauter, Fred. 
Schaefer, Edward C. 
Schaefer, Geo. G. 
Schaefer, R. J. . 
Schafer, Samuel N. 
Schaller, Otto 
Schanck, George E. 
Schefer, Carl 
Schell, Miss Mary E. 
Schieffelin, Mrs. H. M. 
Schieffelin, Wm. Jay 
Schirmer, Rudolph E. 
Schmitt, Dr. A. Emil 
Schniewind, Dr. F. 

Heinrich, Jr. 
Schoener, I. J. 
Scholle, A. H. 
Schoonmaker, S. L. 
Schrader, Geo. H. F. 
Schramm, W. 
Schurz, Miss Marianne 
Schwarz, Henry F. 
Scott, Francis M. 
Scott, Geo. S. 
Scott, William 
Scoville, Robert 
Scribner, Charles 
Scribner, Mrs. I. Blair 
Scrymser, Mrs. J. A. 
Scudder, Hewlett 
Scudder, Moses L. 
Seaman, Louis L., M.D. 
See, A. B. 
Seeley, Harry S. 
Seitz, Charles E. 
Seligman, Alfred L. 
Seligman, Edwin R. A. 
Seligman, George W. 
Seligman, Isaac N. 
Seligman, Jefferson 
Sellew, T. G. 

Seton, Alfred 
Sexton, Lawrence E. 
Shaler, Gen. Alexander 
Shardlow, Joseph 
Shattuck, A. R. 
Shaw, Mrs. John C. 
Sheehy, W. H. 
Sheets, Dr. Elmer A. 
Sheffield, Geo. St. John 
Shepard, C. Sidney 
Sherman, Chas. A. 
Shillaber, Wm. 
Shoemaker, Henry \Y. 
Shonts, T. P. 
Sickles, Major-Gen. 

D. E., U.S.A. 
Sidenberg Gustavus 
Sidenberg, Richard 
Siegel, Henry 
Siegel, Jacob 
Silliman, Harper 
Simon, Franklin 
Simpson, J. F. 
Simpson, John Boulton 
Simpson, John W. 
Sizer, Theodore 
Sjostrom, P. R. G. 
Skeel, Frank D., M.D. 
Slade, Francis Louis 
Sloan, Benson Bennett 
Sloan, Samuel 
Sloane, Henry T. 
Smillie, Charles F. 

A. Alexander, M.D. 
Smith, Adelbert J. 
Smith, Rev. Cornelius B. 
Smith, Edwin K. 
Smith, Mrs. Fitch W. 
Smith, F. M. 
Smith, Mrs. George W. 
Smith, Henry G. 
Smith, Isaac P. 
Smith, James Rufus 
Smith, J. Hopkins 
Smith, Lenox 
Smith, Nathaniel S. 

Smith, Van W. 
Smith, William Alex. 
Smith, W. Schuyler 
Smithers, F. S. 
Smithers, H. B. 
Snow, Elbridge G. 
Snow, Frederick A. 
Soltmann, E. G. 
Sondheimer, Julius 
Speir, Archibald W. 
Spektorsky, Joseph 
Sperry, T. A. 
Sperry, Wm. M. 
Speyer, Leo 
Spingarn, Mrs. J. E. 
Spitzner, Geo. W. 
Spring, Miss Anna Riker 
Sproule, Wm. 

Miss Leonie M. Gallot 

Frank McMillan 
Stanton, J. R. 
Starbuck, C. A. 
Starr, Louis Morris 
Starr, M. Allen, 

M.D., LL.D. 
Stearns, Louis 
Stebbins, Jas. H. 
Steele, Rev. J. Nevett 
Steinbrugge, E., Jr. 
Steindler, Milton F. 
Steinhardt, Jos. H. 
Steinthal, Martin 
Steinway, Fred. T. 
Steinway, Wm. R. 
Stern, Benjamin 
Stern, Leopold 
Sternberger, Maurice M. 
Sterrett, C. N. 
Stettenheim, I. M. 

Miss Catherine A. 
Stevenson, C. C. 
Stewart, John A. 
Stewart, Lispenard 
Stewart, William R. 

Annual Members 


Stiger, E. M. 
Stiger, William E. 
Stillman, Miss C. R. 
Stillman, J. A. 

Daniel M., M.D. 
Straus, Nathan 
Strauss, Albert 
Strauss, Frederick 
Strauss, N. F. 
Strong, Miss Alice E. 
Strong, Benj., Jr. 
Strong, R. A. 
Stryker, Thos. H. 
Sturges, Henry C. 
Stursberg, Julius A. 
Styles, Samuel D. 
Suckley, Robert B. 
Sullivan, Mrs. James 
Sulzberger, Cyrus L. 
Sutphen, John S. 
Sutro, Richard 
Sutton, Geo. H. 
Swayne, Francis B. 
Swenson, S. Randolphe 

Taber, Miss M. 
Taft, Henry W. 
Taft, William H. 
Taggart, Rush 
Tailer, Edward N. 
Taintor, Charles N. 
Talcott, James 
Tanenbaum, Leon 
Tatum, C. A. 
Taylor, George 
Taylor, Henry R. 
vTaylor, J. G. 
Taylor, Stevenson 
Taylor, W. A. 
Tefft, Erastus T. 
Terry, Geo. S. 
Thacher, Thomas 
Thacker, Horace B. 
Thalmann, E. 
Thaw, Dr. A. Blair 

Thaw, Benjamin 
Thayer, H. B. 
Thayer, Rev. William 

Greenough, D.D. 
Thebaud, Paul G. 
Thomas, Mrs. Edward 
Thompson, David W. 

Mrs. J. Todhunter 

Rev. Dr. Walter 
Thompson, W. Prall 
Thomson, John F. 
Thorne, Samuel, Jr. 
Thorne, W. V. S. 
Thorne, Mrs. W. V. S. 
Thornton, Geo. M. 
Tierney, Myles 
Tiffany, Louis C. 
Tim, Bernard L. 
Timolat, J. G. 
Timpson, James 
Tinkham, Julian R. 
Titus, Erastus, Jr. 
Tjader, Richard 
Toch, Henry M. 
Tonnele, John L. 
Totten, John R. 
Towle, Miss Mary J. 
Townsend, David C. 
Trainor, P. S. 
Trevor, H. G. 
Troescher, A. F. 
Trowbridge, E. Kellogg 

Frederick K. 
Trowbridge, S. Breck P. 
Tuckerman, Alfred 
Tuckerman, Miss Emily 
Tuckerman, Paul 
Turnure, George E. 

George M., M.D. 
Tuttle, Mrs. George M. 
Tuttle, Mrs. Mary A. 
Tweedie, Miss Annie 

Ullmann, E. S. 

Ulman, Ludwig 
Untermyer, Isaac 

Vactor, Elmer R. 
Vail, Theo. N. 
Valentine, Mrs. Lawson 

Wm. A., M.D. 
van Beuren, Mrs. M. M. 
Van Brunt, Jeremiah R. 
Vanderbilt, Alfred G. 
Vanderpoel, Mrs. J. A. 
Van Emburgh, D. B. 
Van Home, John G. 
Van Ingen, Edward H. 
Van Norden, Warner 
Van Norden, Warner M. 
Van Sinderen, Howard 
Van Winkle, Edgar B. 
Veit, Richard C. 
Vermeule, John D. 
Vetter, A. G. 
Vietor, Thos. F. 
Villard, Mrs. Henry 
Vincent, Frank 
Voelker, John P. 
Vogel, Herman 
Vogel, H. G. 
Vogelstein, L. 
von Hagen, 

H. J., Ph.D. 
von Palmenberg, 

Mrs. Raymond 
von Schmid, J. O. 
von Zedlitz, 

Mrs. Anna M. 
Voss, F. G. 

Wagner, Frederic C. 
Wagner, John 
Wakeman, Stephen H. 
Walcott, Frederic C. 
Waldo, R. V. 
Wales, Edward H. 
Walker, Horatio 
Walker, Mrs. Joseph, Jr. 


Annual Members 

Walker, William I. 
Walter, W. I. 
Ward, Artemas 
Ward, Mrs. Frances M. 
Ward, Henry C. 
Ward, John Gilbert 
Wardwell, Wm. T. 

Mrs. Henry Wolcott 
Warner, Lucien C. 

Mrs. John Hobart 
Washburn, Thomas G. 
Wassermann, E. 

Miss Florence 

Miss Gladys F. 
Watson, A. W. 
Watson, Miss Emily A. 
Watson, Rev. J. Henry 
Watson, John J., Jr. 
Watt, Thos. L. 
Weatherbee, Mrs. E. H. 
Weber, Dr. Leonard 
Weed, Geo. E. 
Wehrhane, Chas. 
Weidenfeld, Camille 
Weigle, Chas. H. 
Weil, L. J. 
Wells, Mrs. John 
Wells, Oliver J. 

Miss Florence M. 
Welsh, S. Chas. 
Wenman, James F. 
Wentz, James G. 
Wentz, Theodore 

Mrs. Robert E. 
Westermayr, R. J. 
Westinghouse, George 
Weston, Dr. Edward 
Westover, Myron F. 
Wetherbee, Gardner 
Wheeler, A. G., Jr. 
Wheeler, Dr. Herbert L. 
Wheeler, J. Davenport 

Wheeler, Miss L. 
Wheelock, Mrs. G. G. 
Whitaker, John E. 
White, Alain C. 
White, Alexander M. 
White, A. Ludlow 
White, Miss Caroline 
White, Horace 
White, John Jay, Jr. 
White, Leonard D. 
White, W. A. 
White, W. H., Jr. 
Whitehouse, J. Henry 

Mrs. Henry D. 
Whiting, Miss Gertrude 
Whiting, Giles 
Whitman, Clarence 
Whitman, Wm., Jr. 

Miss Dorothy P. 
Whitney, Edward F. 
Whitney, H. F. 
Wicke, William 
Wickes, Edward A. 
Widener, Geo. D. 
Widener, P. A. B. 
Wilbour, Miss Theodora 
Wilcox, T. Ferdinand 
Wilder, G. W. 
Wilkens, H. A. J. 
Wilkinson, Alfred 
Willets, Elmore A. 
W r illiams, Blair S. 
Williams, John 
Williams, Mrs. G. G. 
Williams, Mrs. Percy H. 
Williams, Richard H. 

Mrs. Richard H. 
Williams, William 
Willis, W. P. 
Wills, Charles T. 
Wilmerding, Lucius 
Wilson, Geo. T. 
Wilson, John E., M.D. 

Miss Margaret B. 

Wilson, M. Orme 
Wilson, Orme, Jr. 
Winckelbach, L. O. 

Mrs. Francis Dana 
Wisner, Percy 
W T itherbee, Frank S. 

Mrs. Anna 
Woerz, Ernest G. W. 
Woerz, F. W. 

Mrs. Anzonetta B. 
Wolfe, S. Herbert 
Wolff, Lewis S. 
Wood, Mrs. Cynthia A. 
Wood, Henry R. 
Wood, Mrs. John D. 
Wood, Willis D. 
Wood, Dr. Wm. B. 
Wood, Wm. C. 
Woodward, James T. 

Mrs. William, Sr. 
Woolsey, John M. 
Worcester, Wilfred J. 
Worrall, P. B. 

Mrs. Julia H. 
Wray, A. H. 
Wray, Miss Julia 
Wright, Mrs. J. Hood 
Wurzburger, A. 

Yard, John 

Rev. Dr. George C. 
Young, Edward L. 
Young, Mrs. A. Murray 

Zabriskie, Andrew C. 
Zabriskie, George 
Zimmermann, John 
Zinsser, Aug. 
Zinsser, August, Jr. 
Zinsser, Wm. H. 
Zoller, Charles 




k Medical 

American Museum of Natural 
History, New York